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Esporte Clube Bahia (often simply known as Bahia) are a Brazilian football team based in Salvadormarker, Bahia (Brazilmarker). Founded on January 1, 1931, Bahia is one of the most traditional teams in Brazil. They won the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A in 1988, and the Taça Brasil (which was a predecessor to the modern Brazilian League) in 1959, after beating Pelé's Santos. Bahia is the most popular team from the Northeast of Brazil, and is currently participating in the Brazilian Second Division.

History

Early years and First National Title

Esporte Clube Bahia was founded in 1931, after players from two clubs (Associação Atlética da Bahia and Clube Bahiano de Tênis) decided to merge since their original clubs decided to discontinue their football divisions. Only a few years later, Bahia has become the most popular team in the Northeast of Brazil.

Thee players went to a house at Princesa Isabel Avenue where they discussed things like: finance, structure and local training. At the club's first year, Bahia won the Torneio Inicio and the Bahia State Championship. The first Bahia president was Waldemar Costa a known medic of Salvador. Bahia crest is based on Corinthians Crest. They changed the São Paulo state flag for the Bahia state flag and was created by Raimundo Magalhães.

The team was founded with the motto "Nasceu para Vencer" (In English: "Born to Win"). Since that, Bahia won 43 State Championships, 23 more than Vitória (the rival club) and was the first club to participate of the Taça Libertadores da America, in 1960.

Between 1959 and 1963 and in 1968, Bahia was the Bahia's State team representant at the Taça Brasil (the precursor of the Brazilian Championship), winning the title in 1959 and being a runner-up in 1961 and 1963.

The 1980's and The Second National Title

The 80's wat the Best Bahia's period in the history, in that period, Bahia won their second national title in 1988, was 5th place in 1986 and 4th in 1990. The 80's in Bahia was the period that the team saw a 'borning' of Bahia's idols as like: Bobo, Charles, Ronaldo etc...

In 1988, Bahia won its first Brazilian Championship against Internacional from Porto Alegremarker. Bahia won the first leg in Salvadormarker by 2-1. Second leg ended in a 0-0 tie in Porto Alegremarker, at Beira Rio Stadiummarker. After these results, Bahia won the Brasileirão and, thus, their second national title. Being the champion, Bahia won the right to play Copa Libertadores for the third time. It was a real shock for the southern press because Salvador is in the northeast, the poorest region of Brazil, and the victory was over Internacional, a team from southern Brazil, the region that has the best HDI of the country.

Dark Years

In 1996 Bahia needed to win the last game of the season but the club was relegated to Série B for the first time in its history after a 0-0 draw against Juventude at the Fonte Nova stadium. In 1999 Bahia was close to being promoted to Série A again. Bahia had a very good season but finished 3rd which was not enough to see them promoted. In order to be promoted Bahia would have to win the final match against Brasiliense, but the referee Paulo César de Oliveira was assigned to that match, and many people say he was all but fair at that day. In 2000, due to bribe scandals involving clubs such as São Paulo F.C. and Internacional, the team returned to the Brazilian First Division being invited by the Clube dos Treze, along with Fluminense, which was made a scapegoat for the controversy and was nationally victimized by the media. (See Copa João Havelange for more details.) In 2002 the bank that sponsored the team by a treat (all club money was given by the bank) went bankrupt and Bahia began a decent down the Brazilian football pyramid. After the title of the Northeast Cup in 2001 and 2002, Bahia had a horrible year in 2003, and was relegated to the Série B for the second time in the clubs history. In 2004 the team was close to getting promoted to the Série A again, finishing 4th.In 2005, the club competed in the Série B, again, ending up finishing in 18th place and being relegated to the Série C for the first time in the clubs history.

Fênix Tricolor (Three Colours Phoenix)

Bahia finished 2007 amongst the first four teams of the Third Division's octagon, thus being promoted to the Second Division for the 2008 season, but it wasn't easy. Bahia started off playing really well, but the last game of the 3rd stage of the Série C against the already eliminated Fast Club was one of the hardest games in the club's history. Bahia needed to win no matter what, to be able to advance to the final octagon. The victory came in the very last minute of the game, with a goal scored by Charles. During the final octagon, the team didn't have much of a problem, and finished the third division in 2nd place, only losing the title at the final round.

This moment is called the "Fênix Tricolor" Amongst Bahia fans (Being that Bahia is ressurging from the ashes)

Despiting playing in the Third Division of Brazilian football in 2007, Bahia had the largest average attendance in Brazil, 40,400 people per match. No club in the Third, the Second, or even the First Division was able to match it. But it is not unusual for Bahia. Bahia had also the biggest average attendance in Brazil in 2004 (Second Division), 1988 (First Division), 1986 (First Division), and 1985 (First Division).

Symbols

Bahia's colours are blue, red, and white. The blue colour is a homage to Associação Atlética da Bahia; white, to Clube Baiano de Tênis; and red is a color present in the Bahia state flag. Another symbol is the mascot. The club's mascot is called Super-Homem Tricolor, meaning Tricolour Superman, inspired by the DC Comics character. The mascot was created by the famous cartoonist Ziraldo based on the expression “Esquadrão de Aço” (Steel Squad in English) and wears a costume very similar to the original Superman's costume. Also, Superman has the teams three colours (Blue, red and White).

Logo

Bahia's logo was inspired by the logo of Corinthians. The anchor was withdrawn and the flag of São Paulo state was changed to the Bahia state flag. The black changed to blue and in the place of the Corinthians's name and founding year were replaced by Esporte Clube Bahia's.

Titles

Below only the senior titles are listed.

  • National:




  • Regional:




  • State:


    • Bahia State League: 43 times (1931, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1938[1], 1940, 1944, 1945, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1967, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1998, 1999 [2] and 2001).
      • Runner-up: 9 times (1941, 1964, 1972, 1989, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2005 and 2007).






  • Other Titles


  • Friendship Tournament (Uruguay): 1959.
  • Walter Passos Trophy: 1962.
  • Bahia-Pernambuco Tournament: 2 times (1993 and 1994).
  • International Renner Cup: 1997.
  • Maria Quitéria Tournament: 1998.


Some famous players





Current squad

First Team

Out on loan

Stadium

Fonte Nova Stadium: Will be demolished
Games were played in Fonte Nova stadium until the disaster occurred in November 2007. At the game Bahia against Vila Nova (game of Bahia's promotion) part of the stadium collapsed and 7 people died. More than 30 were hurt. After that episode the government of the state said that the stadium will be demolished. Bahia played all life at the Fonte Nova stadium, since the inauguration, in 1951. Some recordable games at the Fonte Nova:



Now, the Bahia's state championship games will be played at the Pituaçu Stadiummarker. The capacity of Pituaçu Stadium are 32,157 spectators.

External links




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