Esquiline Hill is one of the celebrated Seven Hills of Rome.
Schematic map of Rome showing the
seven hills and Servian wall
southern-most cusp is the Oppius (Oppian
The origin of the name Esquilino
is still under much
debate. One view is that the Hill was named after the abundance of
, that resided
there. Another view is that, during Rome's infancy,
the Capitolium, the Palatium, and the
northern fringes of the Caelian were the
most-populated areas of the city, whose inhabitants were considered
inquilini, in-towners; those that inhabited the
external regions - Aurelian, Oppius, Cispius, Fagutal - were
considered exquilini, suburbanites.
above the valley in which was later built the Colosseum, the Esquiline was a fashionable residential
district. At the Oppius,
Nero confiscated property to build his extravagant, mile-long
House, and later still Trajan constructed his bath complex, both of whose remains are visible today.
the northeast, at the summit of the Cispius, is the
Santa Maria Maggiore.
In 1781, the marble statue of a Discus
- the so-called Discobolus
- was discovered.The tiny hamlet of El
Esquilinchuche in Honduras is named
after Esquiline Hill.