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Essex County is the county located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Vermontmarker. As of 2000, the population was 6,459, making it the least-populous county in Vermont. Its shire town is Guildhallmarker .

Essex County is part of the Berlinmarker, NHmarker–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 674 square miles (1,745 km²), of which 665 square miles (1,723 km²) of it is land and 9 square miles (22 km²) of it (1.27%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected area


On September 3, 1783, as a result of the signing of the Treaty of Paris, the Revolutionary War ended with Great Britainmarker recognizing the independence of the United Statesmarker. Vermont's border with Quebec was established at 45 degrees north latitude.

In 1999, a group of investors bought from Champion International Paper for $7.5 million, covering parts of fourteen towns in the county. The state of Vermont and the Freeman Foundation purchased easements for $8.5 million to guarantee traditional uses of the land for logging and recreation. In 2008, Plum Creek Timber company announced plans to purchase this property.

A murder trial was held at the county courthouse in 1923, which, as of 2008, was the last trial. The last homicide in the county was in 1973. While murder victims have since been found, these have all been connected to out-of-county incidents.



In the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, Essex County was the only county in Vermont to vote for George W. Bush, by 10.7% over John Kerry, who won statewide by a 20.1% advantage.

In 2008, Essex voted for Barack Obama by a 14.5% margin over John McCain, while Obama carried the state by 37%.



The Essex-Orleans Senate district includes all of Essex County, as well as parts or all of Orleans Countymarker, Franklin Countymarker and Lamoille Countymarker. It is represented in the Vermont Senate by Vincent Illuzzi (R) and Robert A. Starr (D).


As of the census of 2000, there were 6,459 people, 2,602 households, and 1,805 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 4,762 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.56% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.63% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.23% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. 0.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.1% were of French, 23.1% English, 10.5% Americanmarker, 8.8% Irish and 5.7% French Canadian ancestry according to Census 2000. 8.87% of the population speak French at home. [13686]

There were 2,602 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.10% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.60% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.00 males.

An estimated 1,000 military veterans reside in the county.


Personal income

The median income for a household in the county was $30,490, and the median income for a family was $34,984. Males had a median income of $27,929 versus $20,583 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,388. About 9.90% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.30% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.

The median wage is the lowest in the state, and that status is expected to continue through 2010.


In 2007, Essex was the only county in the state to have a positive Housing Affordability Index on housing; i.e., the average household can afford to buy the average house. That said, both figures are the lowest in the state.

Cities, towns, villages, and unincorporated places*

There are sixteen towns, two gores and one grant in the county:

* In Vermont, gores and grants are unincorporated portions of a county which are not part on any town and have limited self-government (if any, as many are uninhabited). Villages are census divisions of towns or cities, but have no separate corporate existence from the municipality they are located in.


WVTI 106.9 broadcasts from Island Pond, Vermontmarker.


  1. Van Zandt, Franklin K. Boundaries of the United States and the Several States. Geological Survey Professional Paper 909. Washington, DC; Government Printing Office, 1976. The Standard Compilation for its subject. P. 12.
  2. Parry, Clive, ed. Consolidated Treaty Series. 231 Volumes. Dobbs Ferry, New York; Oceana Publications, 1969-1981. Volume 48; pp. 481; 487; 491-492.
  3. 2004 Presidential General Election Results - Vermont
  4. The Chronicle, July 1, 2009, page 14, "Veterans ask for clinic closer to home," Joseph Gresser

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