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Estácio de Sá (1520 — 1567) was a Portuguesemarker soldier and officer who came to Brazilmarker on orders of the Portuguese crown to wage war on the Frenchmarker invaders commanded by Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon (1510 — 1571), who had established themselves in 1555 at the Guanabara Bay in Rio de Janeiromarker, in the episode which became known as France Antarctique.

A nephew of Brazilian Governor General Mem de Sá (1500 — 1572), he arrived at Salvadormarker, Bahia, in 1563. In 1565, after extensive preparations and the help of Jesuits, such as Manuel da Nóbrega (1517 — 1570) and José de Anchieta (1534 — 1597), he departed by sea from São Vicente, São Paulomarker, the first Portuguese settlement in Brazil (1532), with an attack force. On March 1, he founded the city of Rio de Janeiromarker near the Sugarloaf Mountainmarker and established the basis of his military operations against the French and their Aboriginal allies. After receiving reinforcements sent by sea by his uncle from Salvador, he commanded a definitive and successful attack on January 20, 1567. However, he died on February 20, of wounds inflicted by an arrow, which had perforated his eye.

Estácio de Sá is honoured by naming thousands of schools, streets, avenues, etc. in Brazil, particularly relevant:


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