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Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front ( ; abbreviated EPRDF) is the ruling political coalition in Ethiopiamarker.

It is an alliance of four other groups: the Oromo Peoples' Democratic Organization (OPDO), the Amhara National Democratic Movement, the South Ethiopian Peoples' Democratic Front and the Tigrayan Peoples' Liberation Front (TPLF). Together they had 472 of the 527 seats in the House of People's Representatives following the election held in May 2000. The results of the last legislative elections, 15 May 2005 have not been accepted by all contesting parties. The disagreements led to a prolonged crisis and public unrest which led to the death of 193 Ethiopians which included civilians and police officers. The ruling front claimed to have won 327 of the 527 seats. The opposition, which claims widespread fraud and intimidation, claims that the two major opposition coalitions together would form a majority. Though one of the major opposition parties (Coalition for Unity and Democracy) carried Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa by a landslide, they did not have the stronghold which the EPRDF has in rural Ethiopia.

The opposition in Ethiopia is divided but still exists, and is increasingly acting in concert. The EPRDF's two main opponents in the 2005 elections were the Coalition for Unity and Democracy and the United Ethiopian Democratic Forces, both of which are also coalitions of multiple opposition parties. The opposition made spectacular gains in the election which appeared to have caught all observers, including the contestants themselves, off guard. Early results from the polls showed that the opposition on course to sweep to power with a substantial majority. However, the National Election Board which the Prime Minister appoints, stopped the vote tabulation process for several days leading to a break in the chain of control of ballot boxes. When the counting finally resumed and the ruling coalition declared itself the winner, the opposition cried foul and contested the results.


Before it became the government in 1991, the EPRDF was a rebel group, battling the military junta known as the Derg. Formed from the union of the TPLF and the Ethiopian Peoples Democratic Movement (EPDM) in early 1989, they were later joined by the OPDO (Oromo prisoners of war of the TPLF and EPLF, and Oromo members of EPDM) and the Ethiopian Democratic Officers’ Revolutionary Movement (a small body of Derg officers captured by TPLF, most notably at Shiremarker in February 1989, which was later disbanded after the establishment of the Transitional Government of Ethiopia.

The EPRDF held its sixth party congress in September 2006 at Mek'elemarker in the Tigray Regionmarker.


  1. Sarah Vaughan, "Ethnicity and Power in Ethiopia" (University of Edinburgh: Ph.D. Thesis, 2003), p. 168

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