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The European Broadcasting Union (EBU; ) is a confederation of 75 broadcasting organisations from 56 countries, and 43 associate broadcasters from a further 25. It is unrelated to the European Union. Members are radio and television companies, most of which are government-owned public service broadcasters or privately owned stations with public missions. Full active Members are based in countries from Algeriamarker to the Vatican Statemarker, including almost all European countries. Associate members are not limited to those from European countries and the Mediterranean but include broadcasters from Canadamarker, Japanmarker, Mexicomarker, Indiamarker and Hong Kongmarker, as well as many others. Associate Members from the United Statesmarker include ABC, CBS, NBC, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Time Warner, and the only individual station, WFMT.

Active members are those whose states fall within the European Broadcasting Area, or otherwise those who are members of the Council of Europe.

The EBU's highest profile production is the Eurovision Song Contest, organised by its Eurovision Network. The Eurovision Network also organises the Eurovision Dance Contest, the Junior Eurovision Song Contest, the former Eurovision Young Dancers competition, and other competitions for young musicians and screenwriters, which are modelled along similar lines. The countries in the EBU have also often worked together to create documentaries and (animated) children's programming.

EBU provides several targeted training courses for broadcast profesionnals through its section EBU Training which was founded in 1999 and since then, has trained over 5,000 people from more than 30 countries. Most of the programmes are offered exclusively to EBU Members. However, certain programmes are increasingly made available to non-members

Most EBU broadcasters have a group deal to carry the Olympics and FIFA World Cup (particularly, the games of their country and the Final). Another annually recurring event which is broadcast across Europe through the EBU is the Vienna New Year's Concert. The theme music played before EBU broadcasts is Marc-Antoine Charpentier's Prelude to Te Deum. It is well known to Europeans as it is played before and after the Eurovision Song Contest and other important events (click [1281] to listen).


It was formed on 12 February 1950 by 23 broadcasting organisations from Europe and the Mediterraneanmarker at a conference in the coastal resort of Torquaymarker in Devonmarker, Englandmarker. In 1993, the International Radio and Television Organisation (OIRT), an equivalent organisation of broadcasters from Central and Eastern Europe, was merged with the EBU.

The first co-production was the animated series The Animals of Farthing Wood from 1993 based on the books of the same title by Colin Dann. The second animated collaboration was Noah's Island from 1997 and more recently, Pitt and Kantrop. Another important EBU programme is Jeux Sans Frontières.

Technical activities

The objective of the EBU’s technical activities is simply to assist EBU Members (see below) in this period of unprecedented technological changes. This includes provision of technical information to Members via conferences and workshops, as well as in written form (such as the EBU Technical Review).

The EBU also encourages active collaboration between its Members on the basis that they can freely share their knowledge and experience, thus achieving considerably more than individual Members could achieve by themselves. Much of this collaboration is achieved through Project Groups which study specific technical issues of common interest: for example, EBU Members have long been preparing for the revision of the 1961 Stockholm Plan.

The EBU places great emphasis on the use of open standards. Widespread use of open standards (such as MPEG-2, DAB, DVB, etc.) ensures interoperability between products from different vendors, as well as facilitating the exchange of programme material between EBU Members and promoting "horizontal markets" for the benefit of all consumers.

EBU Members and the EBU Technical Department have long played an important role in the development of many systems used in radio and television broadcasting, such as:
  • The AES/EBU digital audio interface;
  • Serial and parallel interfaces for digital video (ITU-R Recommendations 601 and 656);
  • RDS - the Radio Data System used on FM broadcasting.

The EBU has also actively encouraged the development and implementation of:
  • Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) through Eureka Project 147 and the WorldDAB Forum;
  • Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) through the DVB Project and DigiTAG;
  • Digital radio in the bands currently used for AM broadcasting through DRM (Digital Radio Mondiale);
  • Standardisation of PVR systems through the TV-Anytime Forum.
  • Development of other content distribution networks on the internet through P2PTV; EBU Project Group D/P2P, from November 2007 to April 2008, with a trial of selected member channels, thanks to Octoshape's distribution platform. [1282]. The EBU is also part of the European P2P-Next project.

EBU Training

EBU Training provides a range of targeted training courses for broadcast professionals to enable them to improve their skills and knowledge in their field of interest.Themes covered by the Training courses are:

  • Safety Training (HEST): designed to provide reporters and cameramen with useful skills and tools for handling stress, keeping safe & healthy, preventing danger and operating securely in hostile environment

  • Multimedia Education: enable participants, first to understand technology's crucial role in the multi platform production & delivery process, and second to debate the challenges of integrating broadcast standards

  • HD Learning Practices: Made for people who want to understand the implications of HD technology in production, post production and distribution processes. A main aim is to provide a platform to connect HD technology with programme introduction in HD.

  • Storytelling: Give an opportunity to programme makers, programme commissioners, multimedia experts and script writers to understand what it takes to make successful cross media and transmedial programmes, from the writing of the script(s) to the multiplatform distribution, including the programme development process and the resources needed.

  • Marketing Public Service Media: The seminar will address the essential role of Marketing for a strong position of Public Service Broadcasters in a highly competitive market, especially in these times of economic downturn.


A map illustrating the entry dates of EBU member states.
Some states have more than one channel so only the earliest is counted.

European members

Country Broadcasting organisation National script Abbr. Year
Albanian Public Radio and Television Radio Televizioni Shqiptar RTSH 1999
Radio and Television of Andorra Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra RTVA 2002
Public Radio of Armenia Հայաստանի հանրային րադիո ARMR 2005
Public Television of Armenia Հայաստանի հանրային հեռուստաընկերություն ARMTV 2005
Austrian Broadcasting Österreichischer Rundfunk ORF 1953
Public Television and Radio Broadcasting Company İctimai Televiziya və Radio Yayımları Şirkəti İTV 2007
National State Teleradiocompany Нацыянальная дзяржаўная тэлерадыёкампанія Рэспублікі Беларусь BTRC 1993
Flemish Radio- and Television Networkmarker Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroep VRT 1950
Belgian Radio and Television of the French Community Radio-Télévision Belge de la Communauté Française RTBF 1950
Radiotelevision of Bosnia & Herzegovina Radio-televizija Bosne i Hercegovine BHRT 1993
Bulgarian National Radio Българско национално радио BNR 1993
Bulgarian National Television Българска национална телевизия BNT 1993
Croatian Radiotelevisionmarker Hrvatska radiotelevizija HRT 1993
Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation Ραδιοφωνικό Ίδρυμα Κύπρου \ (Turkish) Kıbrıs Yayın Kurumu CY/CBC 1968
Czech Radio Český rozhlas ČR 1993
Czech Televisionmarker Česká televize ČT 1993
Denmark's Radio Danmarks Radio AS DR 1950
TV2 TV2 AS DK/TV2 1996
Estonian Public Broadcasting Eesti Rahvusringhääling ERR 1993
- Finnish Broadcasting Corporation

- Swedish Broadcasting of Finland
Yleisradio OY / (Swedish) Rundradion AB YLE/FST5 1950
Commercial Channel 3 Mainostelevisio 3 MTV3 1957
- Télévision Française 1marker

- France Télévisionsmarker

- Canal+

- Radio France

- Radio France Internationale
Groupement des Radiodiffuseurs Français de l’UER GRF 1950
Europe 1 Europe 1 E1 1978
Georgian Public Broadcasting საქართველოს საზოგადოებრივი მაუწყებელი GPB 2005
German National Broadcasting Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen

Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
ARD 1952
Second German Televisionmarker Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen ZDF 1963
Hellenic Radio Television Ελληνική Ραδιοφωνία Τηλεόραση ERT 1950
Hungarian Radio Magyar Rádió MR 1993
Hungarian Televisionmarker Magyar Televízió HU/MTV 1993
National Broadcasting Service Ríkisútvarpið RÚV 1956
Irish Radio-Televisionmarker Raidió Teilifís Éireann RTÉ 1950
Irish-Gaelic Television Teilifís na Gaeilge 4 TG4 2007
Italian Radio-Televisionmarker Radiotelevisione Italiana RAI 1950
Latvian Television Latvijas Televīzija LR 1993
Latvian Radio Latvijas Radio LTV 1993
Lithuanian National Radio and Television Lietuvos Radijas ir Televizija LRT 1993
CLT Multi Media Compagnie Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion RTL 1950
Radio 100,7 Radio 100,7 ERSL 1996
Macedonian Radio-Television Македонска радио телевизија MKRTV 1993
Public Broadcasting Services Public Broadcasting Services MT/PBS 1969
Teleradio-Moldova Teleradio-Moldova TRM 1993
Radio Monte-Carlo Groupement de Radiodiffuseurs Monégasques TMC 1950
Radio Television of Montenegro Radio televizija Crne Gore/ Радио телевизија Црне Горе RTCG 2001
Netherlands Public Broadcasting Nederlandse Publieke Omroep NPO 1950
Norwegian Broadcasting Corporationmarker Norsk Rikskringkasting AS NRK 1950
TV2 TV2 AS NO/TV2 1992
Polish Television Telewizja Polska TVP 1993
Polish Radio Polskie Radio PR 1993
Radio and Television of Portugalmarker Rádio e Televisão de Portugal RTP 1950
Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company Societatea Română de Radiodifuziune ROR 1993
Romanian Television Televiziunea Română TVR 1993
Channel One Russia Первый канал C1R 1993
Radio Dom Ostankino Радиодом Останкино RDO 1993
All-Russia State Television and Radio Company Всероссийская государственная телевизионная и радиовещательная компания RTR 1993
Radio-Television of San Marino Radiotelevisione della Repubblica di San Marino SMRTV 1995
Radio Television of Serbia Радио-телевизија Србије RTS 2001
Slovak Radio Slovenský rozhlas SK/SR 1993
Slovak Television Slovenská televízia SK/STV 1993
Radio-Television Sloveniamarker Radiotelevizija Slovenije RTVSLO 1993
Spanish Radio-Television Corporación Radiotelevisión Española RTVE 1955
Spanish Society of Radio Sociedad Española de Radiodifusión SER 1982
People's Radiowaves of Spain Cadena de Ondas Populares de España COPE 1998
- Swedish Television

- Swedish Radio

- Swedish Educational Broadcasting
Sveriges Television AB SVT 1950
TV4 TV4 AB TV4 2004
Swiss Broadcasting Corporation

-Schweizer Fernsehen

-Schweizer Radio DRS

-Télévision Suisse Romande

-Radio Suisse Romande

-Radiotelevisione svizzera di lingua italiana

-Radio Television Rumantscha
SRG SSR idée suisse / Schweizerische Radio- und Fernsehgesellschaft (German) / Société suisse de radiodiffusion et télévision (French) / Società svizzera di radiotelevisione (Italian) / Societad svizra da radio e televisiun (Romansh) SSR SRG 1950
Turkish Radio and Television Corporation Türkiye Radyo-Televizyon Kurumu TRT 1950
National Television Company of Ukraine Національна телекомпанія України NTU 1993
National Radio Company of Ukraine Національна радіокомпанія України NRU 1993
- British Broadcasting Corporation British Broadcasting Corporation BBC 1950
- Independent Television

- Channel 4

- S4/C
United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting /

Darlledu Annibynnus Deyrnas Gyfunol (Welsh)
UKIB 1959
Vatican Radiomarker Radio Vaticana RV 1950

Non-European members

Country Broadcasting organisation National script Abbr. Year
National Television Company المـؤسـسـة العمومية للتـلـفزيـون ENTV 1969
National Sound-broadcasting Company الإذاعة الجزائري ENRS 1969
Television of Algeria التلفزيون في الجزائر TDA 1969
Egyptian Radio and Television Union التلفزيون المصري ERTU 1950-1958, 1984
Israel Broadcasting Authority רָשׁוּת השׁידוּר IBA 1957
Jordan Radio and Television Corporation الفضائية JRTV 1969
Télé Liban تلفزيون لبنان TL 1950
Libyan Jamahiriyah Broadcasting Corporation الجماهيرية اللّيبيّة LJBC 1974
Société Nationale de Radiodiffusion et de Télévision الشركة الوطنبة للإذاعة والتلفرة SNRT 1950-1961, 1968
Êtablissement de la Radiodiffusion-Télévision Tunisienne - ERTT 1950

Associate Members

Any group or organisation member of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), which provide a radio and/or television service outside of the European Broadcasting Area, are permitted to submit applications to the EBU for Associate Membership. Countries which have this status also pay an annual fee to maintain this status, if a fee is not paid, then their Associate Membership is revoked. It was also noted by the EBU that any country that is granted Associate Member status does not include any access into the Eurovision system.

The following table, gives a list of Associate Members of the EBU.

Country Broadcasting organisation Abbr. Year
Australian Broadcasting Corporationmarker ABC Australia
SBS Australia SBS
National Broadcasting Authority of Bangladesh
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Societé Radio Canada) CBC/SRC
Canal 13 UC13
Cuban Television ICRT
Gambia Radio & Television Service GRTS
Teleimedi TEME
Rustavi 2 RB
Kalaallit Nunaata Radioa KNR
Asia Television Limited ATV
Radio Television Hong Kong RTHK
Television Broadcasts Limited TVB
All India Radio AIR
Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting IRIB
Nippon Hoso Kyokaimarker NHK
Radio Television Malaysiamarker RTM
TV de Mauritanie MR/TVM
Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation MBC
Nepal Television NTVC
Radio New Zealandmarker RNZ
Television New Zealand Ltd TVNZ
Oman Directorate General of Radio and Television ODGRT
Pakistan Television Corporation PK/PTV
Al Jazeera Children's Channel JCC
South African Broadcasting Corporation SABC
Korean Broadcasting Systemmarker KBS
Organisme de la Radio-Télévision Arabe Syrienne ORTAS
National Broadcasting Company NBC
American Broadcasting Company ABC
Columbia Broadcasting System CBS
National Public Radio NPR
American Public Media APM
WFMT 98.7 FM, Chicago, Illinoismarker WFMT
Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation ZBC

Venezuela's contribution to the union was stopped with the closure of RCTV by Hugo Chavez.

Approved participant members

Any groups or organisations from a country with International Telecommunication Union (ITU) membership, which don't qualify for either of the EBU's Active or Associate memberships, but still provide a broadcasting activity for the EBU are granted a unique Approved Participants membership, which lasts approximately 5 years. An application for this status may be submitted to the EBU at any given time, providing an annual fee is paid.

The following table provides a list of European Broadcasting Union (EBU) 'Approved Participants'.

Country Broadcasting organisation Abbr.
TV5 Europe FRI/TV5
Euronews Euronews
Franco-German ARTE GEIE ARTE
JP MRD (Macedonian Broadcasting) JPMRD
Antenna Hungária RT AH
Duna Television Duna TV
Palestine Radio and TV Corporation PRTV
Abertis Telecom S.A. -
Russian TV and Radio Broadcasting Network RTRN
Sentech Ltd SNTC
MBC Limited - Middle East Broadcasting Centre MEBC

Past active members

Country Broadcasting organisation Abbr. Years
Alliance of Public Radio and Television UJRT 2002-2006
Yugoslav Radio Television JRT 1950-1992

Pending EBU membership applications

Country Broadcasting organisation Abbr. Notes
Radio Television of Kosovo RTK RTK has shown interest into obtaining active EBU membership. However, they have yet to fulfil all the criteria set by the EBU for admission.
1 Fürstentum Liechtenstein Television 1FLTV Liechtenstein's only television broadcaster which began broadcasting on 15 August 2008. In July 2009, Peter Kolbel, broadcaster's managing director officially announced its intent to apply to join the EBU by the end of July 2009.
2 Morocco Television 2M TV The second commercial channel of Morocco has asked for membership to the EBU.
Qatar Radio Qatar Radio Recently shown interest at Eurovision 2009, by sending delegates in the hope of applying for active membership.

See also

Notes and references




External links

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