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Elections to the European Parliament were held in Italymarker on 12 and June 13, 2004. Italy's highly fragmented party system made it hard to identify an overall trend, but the results were generally seen as a defeat for Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi and a victory for the centre-left opposition coalition identified with Romano Prodi, who was President of the European Commission until 2004, and was widely expected to re-enter Italian politics at the next election.

The common list of the Olive Tree, comprising mainly the Democrats of the Left and Daisy-Democracy is Freedom became the largest list, with an important psychological effect. However, expectations for this list were originally somewhat larger, and Massimo D'Alema had proclaimed that "If the unity list reaches 33%, the government has to go".

While the Unity list wasn't so phenomenal, the test indicated a somewhat reduced support for the centre-right coalition. However, it must be kept in mind that, in European elections, Italians tend to vote in a more "light-hearted" way, giving their vote more easily to a candidate outside their usual party; this generally reduces the significance of these elections.


Registered voters: 49,845,299
Valid votes: 32,579,869 65.4%
Party Votes % Change Seats Change
United in the Olive Tree 10,119,909 31.1      
Democrats of the Left (DS/PES)       12 -3
Daisy-Democracy is Freedom (Margherita/EDP)       7
Italian Democratic Socialists (SDI/PES) 2
European Republican Movement (MRE/ELDR) 1
South Tyrolese People's Party (SVP/EPP-ED)¹ 146,252 0.5 1
Valdotanian Union ¹ 29,430 0.1
—Individual affiliates (Lilli Gruber and Michele Santoro) 2
Forza Italia (FI/EPP-ED) 6,837,748 20.1 -4.1 16 -6
National Alliance (AN/UEN) 3,759,575 11.5 +1.2 9
Communist Refoundation Party (PRC/EUL-NGL) 1,971,700 6.0 +1.7 5 +1
Union of Christian Democrats (UDC/EPP-ED) 1,917,775 5.9 +3.8 5 +3
Lega Nord (LN/Ind) 1,615,834 5.0 +0.5 4
Federation of the Greens (Verdi/Green-EFA) 802,502 2.5 +0.7 2
Party of Italian Communists (PDCI/EUL-NGL) 783,710 2.4 +0.4 2
Emma Bonino List (LEB/Ind) 731,867 2.2 -6.3 2 -5
Civil Society of Di Pietro - Occhetto (Italia dei Valori/ELDR) 694,963 2.1 2 +2
Socialists United for Europe (SUE/ELDR) 665,771 2.0 -0.2 2
Fiamma Tricolore (FT) 236,016 0.7 -0.9 1
Popular-UDEUR (UDEUR / EPP-ED) 420,089 1.3 -0.3 1
Social Alternative (AS) 398,036 1.2 1 +1
Pensioners' Party (PP/EPP-ED) 372,811 1.1 +0.4 1
Others 1,251,563 3.8
Total 32,579,869 78 -9

¹ United in the Olive Tree included Michl Ebner of the SVP in their list of elected candidates under a pre-electoral arrangement.


The five constituencies for European elections
Seats are allocated to party lists on a national basis using an electoral quota, with the residue given to the lists with the largest excess over whole quotas. An electoral quota is then calculated for each list and used to allocate seats to each list in each of the five electoral regions.

Electoral Region Administrative Regions Seats
North-West Aosta Valleymarker, Liguria, Lombardy, Piedmont 23
North-East Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Veneto 15
Central Latium, Marche, Tuscany, Umbria 16
Southern Abruzzo, Apuliamarker, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Molise 17
Islands Sardinia, Sicily 7

Members returned

See MEPs for Italy 2004 - 2009 for a national list in alphabetical order.






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