Eveline Hill, JP (nÃ©e Eveline
Ridyard, 16 April, 1898 â€“ 22 September,
1973) was a British catering
business manager and politician. She served for
fourteen years as a Conservative
Party Member of Parliament
for Manchester Wythenshawe.
born to a rising middle-class family in Manchester, where her parents, Richard and Mary Ridyard, ran a
catering business. They were not wealthy enough to send her to
public school, and on leaving state secondary school in Manchester, she joined the family business.
In 1922 she
married John Stanley Hill, and as usual for married women, gave up
work to look after the home. She bore him a son and two
On the death of her father, Hill and her brother took joint control
of the family firm. She also became involved in the Conservative Party and in 1936 was
elected to Manchester City
Council from Didsbury ward.
On the council she specialised in health issues, and was chair of
the Health Committee and of the South Manchester Hospital
Management Committee. In addition to her council work she was
County Borough organiser for the Women's Voluntary
for Manchester from 1943, and a Justice of the Peace
from 1945. She
chaired the local Poppy Fund. She was widowed in 1947.
election, Hill was elected as Conservative Member of Parliament for Manchester Wythenshawe, a newly-created constituency at the southern end
of Manchester which included her ward.
Her maiden speech was
on the subject of housebuilding, which she urged be maintained in
order to prevent illnesses associated with poor housing.
In November 1950 Hill won a spot in the ballot for Private Member's Bills
, and introduced
the Deserted Wives Bill which proposed to allow courts to award
tenancy of a house and ownership of the chattels within it to a
wife who had been deserted by her husband. However, she was unable
to find the votes to force a vote on its merits and the Bill fell.
In 1952 Hill, together with three other backbench women
Conservative MPs, wrote to The
to urge Conservative Associations to adopt more
Hill broke the Conservative whip to oppose changes in the
Manchester constituency boundaries in 1954, and found herself in a
slightly less favourable position at the 1955 general election
she was re-elected by 2,822 votes. She became chairman of the
Conservative backbench committee on Health and Social Security, and
in 1958 supported government proposals to increase National Health Service
arguing that people who made contributions were putting something
away for a rainy day in the traditional manner.
In 1961 Hill supported the reintroduction of corporal punishment
. She also rebelled
the next year over a Bill setting up a training council for
, to increase the
council's power to make grants. Reacting to the 1963 budget, she
hoped that husbands would pass on to their wives some of their
allowances which had been increased. She also joined the rebellion
over the abolition of resale price maintenance in 1964.
Having held a marginal seat for two elections, Hill's position was
made more difficult by the growth of council housing
in the constituency in the
early 1960s. At the 1964 general election
she was defeated by a wide margin of 4,777 votes. Hill had retained
her seat on Manchester City Council throughout her time in
Parliament, but retired in 1966; the Council appointed her as an
in honour of her years of
- "Who Was Who", A & C Black
- "The Times House of Commons 1950"
- The Times, 7 March 1952.