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Everett is the county seat of and the largest city in Snohomish Countymarker, Washingtonmarker, United States. Named for Everett Colby, son of founder Charles L. Colby, it lies north of Seattlemarker. The city had a total population of 91,488 at the 2000 census, making it the 6th largest in the state and fourth-largest in the Puget Soundmarker area. Since the census, the city has continued to grow, reaching an estimated population of 98,514 in 2006. It received an All-America City Award in 2002.

Everett is home to the largest public marina on the west coast of the United States and is the western terminus of the western segment of U.S. Route 2. It is also home to Boeing's assembly plantmarker for the 747, 767, 777, and the new 787 in the largest building in the world by volume at 116.5 million cubic feet (13.3 million cubic m).

In 1984, Everett was selected as the site of a U.S. Navy Homeport, Naval Station Everettmarker. The Naval Station formally opened in 1992 and on January 8, 1997 welcomed the aircraft carrier . Everett is also home to the Port of Everett, an international shipping port, that brings trade, commerce, jobs and recreational opportunities to the city.

History

The land on which Everett was founded was surrendered to the United States by its original inhabitants under the 1855 Treaty of Point Elliott. Permanent settlement in the area by European descendants started in 1861 when Dennis Brigham built a cabin on a claim on the shore of Port Gardner Bay. Over the next several years, a handful of settlers moved to the area but it wasn't until 1890 that plans for platting a town were conceived.

In 1890, the Rucker Brothers arrived in the area and began buying up land. The same year, Henry Hewitt along with Charles L. Colby and Colgate Hoyt founded the Everett Land Company for the purpose of building the city of Everett, named after the son of Charles Colby. The Company bought much of the Ruckers' land, taking them in as junior partners. Everett was officially incorporated on May 4, 1893, the year the Great Northern Railway came to the town. Both Hewitt and the Ruckers had speculated that James J. Hill would make the town the terminus of his railroad. However Hill continued the railroad along the shore of Puget Soundmarker to Seattlemarker. Although it succeeded in building the city, the Everett Land Company was a failure for its investors. The outside investors withdrew, and the Company's holdings were transferred to a new company controlled by Hill. The Ruckers, who helped broker the deal, stayed in Everett and became leading citizens of the young city.

Railroads and mines played a part in Everett's future. The mining community of Monte Cristomarker depended on a railway for supplies. It was hoped that the railroad would cross the mountains and bring in traffic. For a while ore was smelted in Everett, then sawmilling and port activity commenced. A dozen steam riverboats were built in Everett for the Yukon gold rush.

Several survivors of the Bellingham riots settled in Everett for two months, until they were beaten and forcefully evicted by a mob on November 5, 1907. Everett also was the site of the Everett Massacre of 1916 which was an armed confrontation between a mob led by local Sheriff Donald McRae and IWW members. The IWW members were on the steamer Verona and sought to land, but Sheriff McRae denied them his permission. Shooting broke out and at least five IWW's were killed and two in the Sheriff's mob were killed, though they might have been accidentally shot by others in their allegedly drunken group.

Everett streets are named after each of the three founders. Adjacent streets Colby Avenue and Hoyt Avenue run north and south and are intersected by Hewitt Avenue running east and west just south of the BNSF Railway tracks cutting across Everett. There are several other streets named for their associates such as Bond Street named for Judge Hiram Bond, President of the Everett & Monte Cristo Railroad. Parallel to Colby and Hoyt are avenues named for other investors, John D. Rockefeller, railroad executive T.F. Oakes, shipbuilder Alexander McDougall, and McDougall's associate Charles W. Wetmore.

Geography

Topography

Everett is located at 47°" West (47.963434, -122.200527) . The city is one of the core cities comprising the Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia CMSA.

The core of Everett sits on the Port Gardner Peninsula, formed by Port Gardner Baymarker on the west and the Snohomish River to the north and east. Newer portions of the city generally extend southward from this point for a distance of approximately .

According to the United States Census Bureau the city has a total area of 47.7 square miles (123.4 km²), of which, 32.5 square miles (84.2 km²) of it is land and 39.2 km² (15.1 mi;oi²) of it is water. The total area is 31.79% water.

Surrounding municipalities

Climate

The climate of Everett is heavily influenced by marine air masses which tend to moderate temperatures with seasonal variations much less pronounced than inland areas.

30 year Climate Averages (Paine Field) Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high °F (°C) 46 (8) 49 (9) 53 (12) 58 (14) 64 (18) 68 (20) 73 (23) 74 (23) 69 (21) 60 (16) 51 (11) 45 (7) 59 (15)
Avg low temperature °F (°C) 34 (1) 35 (2) 37 (3) 41 (5) 46 (8) 51 (11) 54 (12) 54 (12) 49 (9) 42 (6) 37 (3) 34 (1) 44 (7)
Rainfall inches (mm) 4.37 (111.0) 3.41 (86.6) 3.86 (98.0) 2.96 (75.2) 2.57 (65.3) 2.26 (57.4) 1.32 (33.5) 1.35 (34.3) 2.09 (53.1) 3.25 (82.6) 5.11 (129.8) 4.99 (126.7) 37.54 (953.5)


Cityscape

Historic district

The Everett historic district runs from around 8th Street to 25th Street, north to south and from Broadway to Grand Avenue, east to west. The district contains many old stately homes including the home of the former U.S. Senator Henry M. Jackson on Grand Avenue.

Waterfront

View from Everett Yacht Club on Port Gardner Wharf
Situated at the mouth of the Snohomish River on Possession Soundmarker, the Everett waterfront is home to Naval Station Everettmarker, a sprawling Kimberly-Clark paper mill and the Port of Everett (est. 1918). The Port of Everett includes both a deep-water commercial seaport and a marina with over 2000 slips, which it claims to be the largest on the west coast of the United States. Ambitious redevelopment began in 2006 to convert the north end of the waterfront into a community of maritime business, retail shops and condominiums, beginning with the Port of Everett's Port Gardner Wharf. In 2006, the seaport received 119 ships and 59 barges, totaling some 192,000 short tons of cargo.

The waterfront is also home to the Everett Yacht Club, which was founded in 1907, although it existed in some form as early as 1895. During summer months, the marina is home to the Everett Farmer's Market (Sundays) and the Waterfront Concert Series (Thursday nights), part of a city-wide free concert series which in 2006 attracted over 26,000 visitors. Each September, Tenth Street Park on the waterfront is home to the annual Everett Coho Derby, while each August the marina promenade is gowned in local art during the Fresh Paint Festival of Artists.

Parks and gardens

Grand Ave.
Park
Everett is home to 40 parks. The biggest parks are Walter E. Hall Park at , Forest Park at , Langus Riverfront Park at 96 acres, Kasch Park at 60 acres, Howarth Park at 28 acres, and Thornton A. Sullivan Park at 27 acres. Walter E. Hall Park near the Boeing plant sports a golf course and a skate park, Forest Park a swimming pool, hockey, horseshoes, miles of trails and an animal farm, Langus Park a boat launch, Kasch Park four softball fields, Howarth Park a sandy beach on Puget Sound, and Thornton A. Sullivan Park hosts a sandy swimming beach on Silver Lake as well as public docks for fishing.

Forest park

Forest Park is the oldest public park in Everett. Its address is 802 E. Mukilteo Boulevard. The park is and is home to miles of trails, a playground, and a pool. The pool is the crowning jewel of the park, complete with lifeguards. Hundreds of children take swimming lessons at the pool every year, making the pool an extremely valuable part of the parks system.

Jetty Island

Along the waterfront lies the Port of Everett owned Jetty Island, a narrow, long man-made island, featuring large sandy beaches and relatively warm water. Jetty Island is the result of a failed attempt in the early 1900s by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to create a freshwater harbor west of downtown Everett. The island is now a day-use park with no running water, electricity, or overnight facilities. The City of Everett Parks and Recreation Department celebrates Jetty Island Days during the summer, and provides free ferry service to the island from the 10th Street Boat Launch from June through the Labor Day holiday weekend. The wide flat beaches and strong winds make the island a popular kite-surfing destination as well as a popular spot for avid skimboarders.

Nishiyama Garden

Nishiyama Garden is a traditional Japanese garden located at the Nippon Business Institute at Everett Community College. It features Sukiya style wooden gates, gravel paths, stones, trees, a small stream and a portion of a famous Kintai Bridge from Iwakuni, Japan, one of Everett's sister cities.

Evergreen Arboretum and Gardens

Evergreen Arboretum and Gardens (2.4 acres) is an arboretum and park located at the south end of Legion Park, at the intersection of Alverson and Marine View Drive. Gardens include sculpture and vistas of Puget Soundmarker, as well as:



Neighborhoods

The city of Everett maintains an Office of Neighborhoods which facilitate communication between the city and the 19 established neighborhood associations, with one proposed neighborhood/mixed-use development. Each of the officially recognized neighborhood associations operate independently to better their established geographic areas within the city. The neighborhoods are:

  • Bayside - comprising much of the central business district, the waterfront, and the surrounding residential areas.
  • Boulevard Bluffs - primarily residential area of the city bordering Mukilteomarker.
  • Cascade View - residential area in South Everett, north of Everett Mall
  • Delta - primarily residential area north of downtown Everett
  • Eastmont - the area overlooking the valley
  • Everett Mall South - the area surrounding Everett Mall, a mix of residential and commercial areas.
  • Evergreen - primarily residential area in South Everett.
  • Glacier View - older residential area south of downtown.
  • Harborview-Seahurst-Glenhaven - older residential areas south of downtown.
  • Holly - a mix of residential, commercial, and industrial areas on the southern edge of the city.
  • Lowell - formerly an independent town, Lowell is a primarily residential area southeast of downtown.
  • Northwest - older residential areas northwest of downtown.
  • Pinehurst-Beverly Park - mix of residential and commercial developments in South Everett.
  • Port Gardner - residential neighborhoods south of downtown.
  • Riverside - areas just northeast of downtown.
  • Seaway Park - Industrial complex with residential developments located near the Boeing Plant.
  • Silver Lake - residential and commercial areas surrounding Silver Lake in the extreme southeastern part of the city.
  • South Forest Park - residential neighborhood near downtown.
  • Valley View-Sylvan Crest-Larimer Ridge - residential areas in southeast Everett.
  • View Ridge-Madison - residential areas near downtown, or central part of Everett.
  • Westmont - primarily multi-family housing in the southwestern part of the city.


Culture

Media

The Everett Daily Herald newspaper has been published in print continuously since February 11, 1901 and online since January 5, 1997, providing local and international news for Everett and the greater Snohomish County area. It was purchased by The Washington Post Company in 1978. The Herald also publishes The Enterprise Newspapers, weekly newspapers in south Snohomish County and north King Countymarker, the monthly Snohomish County Business Journal, weekly classifieds the Pickle Press and La Raza del Noroeste, a weekly Spanish language newspaper founded in 2006 to serve the greater Puget Soundmarker area.

Everett is home to three radio stations. KRKO 1380 AM (est. 1922) is a locally owned 50,000 watt sports radio station affiliated with FOX Sports Radio and it is the broadcast home for the Seattle Mariner's affiliate Everett AquaSox,the Western Hockey League Everett Silvertips and Washington State University Division I Football and Basketball. KSER 90.7 FM (est. 1991) is a public radio station broadcasting a wide range of music, as well as BBC News and NPR programming. KWYZmarker 1230 AM (est. 1940s) is a Korean language station.

KONG-TVmarker, which broadcasts from Seattle, is licensed to Everett.

Arts

Historic Everett Theatre
Downtown Everett is home to Everett Events Centermarker, the Everett Performing Arts Center, home to the Village Theatremarker theatre company, the historic Everett Theatre, the Imagine Children's Museum, the Arts Council of Snohomish County and an array of street sculptures. The Everett Symphony (est. 1935) performs at the Everett Civic Auditorium. The city is also home to the Everett Chorale, which holds their concerts at the Everett Performing Arts Center.

Libraries

The historically and architecturally significant Everett Public Library is a cornerstone of Everett's downtown and a beacon to its citizens. Additionally, the Evergreen Branch, situated on busy Evergreen Way in south Everett, serves an ever-increasing, ethnically diverse neighborhood.

Professional Sports Teams



Everett AquaSox

Everett Silvertips

Washington Stealth
Club Sport Founded League Venue
Baseball 1984 Northwest League Everett Memorial Stadiummarker
Hockey 2003 Western Hockey League Comcast Arena at Everettmarker
Lacrosse 2010 National Lacrosse League Comcast Arena at Everettmarker


Sister cities

Everett has the following sister city relationships:

Economy

Everett's early economy was tied to the lumber trade. The city's 2006 Labor workforce was more than 80,000, predominantly employed in technology, aerospace, and service-based industries.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 91,488 people, 36,325 households and 21,613 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,814.6 people per square mile (1,086.9/km²). There are 38,512 housing units at an average density of 1,184.8/sq mi (457.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 81.05% White, 3.35% African American, 1.56% Native American, 6.31% Asian, 0.36% Pacific Islander, 3.13% from other races and 4.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.15% of the population.

There are 36,325 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.1% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.5% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 12.3% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 103.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,100 and the median income for a family was $46,743. Males had a median income of $35,852 versus $28,841 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,577. About 10.1% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under the age of 18 and 12.1% of those ages 65 and older.

Crime

Everett has been ranked with the 55th highest crime rate in the United States. In Washington State, only Tacoma ranked higher on the list than Everett, placing 39th in the nation.

In 2004, Everett had 62 rapes, which works out to 63.4 rapes per 100,000 people, twice the national average rate of 32.2 rapes per 100,000 people.

Everett also had a typically high car theft rate in 2004 as the rest of the Puget Sound region, with 1709.9 per 100,000 population. In 2005, Everett's car theft rate was one of the highest in the nation; 2140.6, higher than Seattle's 1651, and nearly 4 times the national average of 526.5.

The murder rate in 2004 was 3.1 per 100,000, lower than Seattle's 4.2 per 100,000 and the national average of 5.5 per 100,000

Education



Higher education



High schools

Most of the city is serviced by the Everett School District (which also services areas south of the Everett, including the city of Mill Creekmarker), however portions of southwestern Everett lie within the Mukilteo School District.

  • Everett High School - Located in North Everett on Colby Avenue
  • Cascade High School - Located in South Everett on E. Casino Road
  • Sequoia High School - Located at 3156 Rucker Avenue
  • Mariner High School - Located at 200 120th St. SW Everett, WA 98204 (Mukilteo School District) NOTE: Mariner High School is located outside the city limits in unincorporated Snohomish County, but has an Everett address.


Middle schools

  • Eisenhower Middle School - Located 10200 25th Ave. SE Everett
  • Evergreen Middle School - Located 7621 Beverly Ln. Everett
  • Gateway Middle School - Located 15404 Silver Firs Dr. Everett
  • Heatherwood Middle School - Located 1419 Trillium Blvd. SE Mill Creek
  • North Middle School - Located 2514 Rainier Ave. Everett


Infrastructure

Transportation

Public transit service has operated in Everett since 1893. From 1910-1939 Everett was connected with Seattlemarker by the Seattle-Everett Interurban Railway. Today Everett Transit (est. 1969) provides bus service throughout the city, operating 46 buses and 18 ParaTransit vehicles with daily ridership of 6,800. Sound Transit provides commuter train and bus service to Seattle and bus service to Bellevuemarker. Community Transit connects Everett with the remainder of Snohomish County.

The closest international airports are Boeing Fieldmarker and Seattle-Tacoma International Airportmarker, and Snohomish County operates Paine Field (PAE) for private aviation. Everett Stationmarker is served by Amtrak, code name EVR, and two trains, the Empire Builder and the Amtrak Cascades stop there.

Health systems

Everett General Hospital was founded in 1894 and 100 years later on March 1, 1994 was merged with Providence Hospital (est. 1905) to form Providence Everett Medical Center. In 2005 it was named one of America's 100 top hospitals for the third time in thirteen years.

Providence Everett Medical Center Statistics (2004):
  • Births: 3,748
  • Emergency Room Visits: 95,275
  • Hospital Beds: 362
  • Hospital Staff: 3,093
  • Inpatient Admissions: 21,876
  • Inpatient Surgeries: 6,061
  • Medical Specialties: 41
  • Medical Staff: 566
  • Outpatient Surgeries: 5,138
  • Outpatient Visits: 194,495
  • Volunteers: 940


The Everett Clinic was established in 1924 by four Everett physicians and has evolved into a regional health-care provider with sixteen locations throughout Snohomish County. It serves more than 2,300 patients each day.

Utilities

The city of Everett's water originates in the Spada reservoir in the Sultan Basin Watershed of the Cascade Mountains. The city's water system provides drinking water not only to the city but roughly half a million people in Snohomish County. It is treated at the Everett Water Filtration Plant near Sultanmarker. Electricity is provided by Snohomish County PUD. Natural gas is provided by Puget Sound Energy.

Notable Everett natives or residents

Sports



The arts



Criminal



Political and business



Gallery

Image:Everett - County Campus.jpg|Snohomish County Government CampusImage:Everett Events Center.jpg|Everett Events Center (now Comcast Arena)Image:Everett - Hewitt Ave.jpg|DowntownImage:Everett Theater 01.jpg| Historic Everett TheatreImage:Everett Library 01.jpg| Everett Public LibraryImage:Everett Library 02.jpg| Everett Public LibraryImage:Everett - Bethel Baptist.jpg| Bethel Baptist ChurchImage:Everett - Trinity Episcopal.jpg|Trinity Episcopal Church (1920)Image:Everett - First Presbyterian.jpg|First Presbyterian ChurchImage:Everett - FPC Stained Glass.jpg|First Presbyterian ChurchImage:Everett - Public Art.JPG|Public ArtImage:Everett - Old Courthouse.jpg|Old County CourthouseImage:Everett - War Memorial.jpg|War MemorialImage:Everett - Armed Forces.jpg|Armed Forces MemorialImage:Everett - Colby Ave.jpg|DowntownImage:Everett - Kimberly Clark.jpg|Kimberly-Clark Paper PlantImage:Naval Station Everett.jpg|Naval Station EverettImage:Everett Marina.jpg|Everett Marina

Points of interest



References

  1. http://www.goia.wa.gov/Treaties/Treaties/pointelliot.htm
  2. http://www.portofeverett.com/home/index.asp?page=4
  3. http://www.portofeverett.com/home/index.asp?page=167
  4. http://www.everettyachtclub.com/New_History_Page.html
  5. http://www.everettwa.org/default.aspx?ID=1152
  6. http://www.everettcohosalmonderby.com/
  7. http://www.freshpaint.org/
  8. http://www.everettwa.org/default.aspx?ID=11
  9. http://www.everettcc.edu/programs/socsci/nbi/index.cfm?id=5040
  10. http://www.evergreenarboretum.com/
  11. http://www.ci.everett.wa.us/default.aspx?ID=200
  12. http://www.ltgov.wa.gov/International/Washington%20Organizations/Sisters/
  13. http://everettwa.usachamber.com/custom2.asp?pageid=2570
  14. http://everettwa.areaconnect.com/crime1.htm
  15. http://everettwa.areaconnect.com/crime/compare.htm?c1=Everett&s1=WA&c2=St.+Louis&s2=MO
  16. http://everettwa.areaconnect.com/crime/compare.htm?c1=Everett&s1=WA&c2=Seattle&s2=WA
  17. http://www.soundtransit.org/x5907.xml
  18. http://www.providence.org/everett/News/History.htm
  19. http://www.providence.org/everett/news/solucient.htm
  20. http://www.providence.org/everett/news/faq.htm
  21. http://www.everettclinic.com/About_Us.ashx?p=840
  22. http://imdb.com/name/nm1330276


External links




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