(c. 955 – 21 March 1034), sometimes called
dynasty, was the son of Herman I
Having married Matilda of Saxony (died 1025), a daughter of Emperor
, Ezzo became prominent during the reign
of his brother-in-law, Emperor Otto III
. His power was
increased due to the liberal grant of lands in Thuringia and Franconia which his
wife received out of Ottonian possessions. Candidate to the
imperial throne at the death of Otto III, he received huge
territories (Kaiserswerth, Duisburg, and
renouncing to the throne, making him the most powerful man in the
empire after the emperor.
Otto's successor, Emperor Henry II
, was less friendly
towards the powerful count, although there was no serious trouble
between them until 1011. Some disturbances in Lotharingia quickly
forced the emperor to come to terms, and Ezzo's assistance was
purchased with additional imperial fiefs.
After this, the relations between Henry and his vassal appear to
have been satisfactory. Very little is known about Ezzo's later
life, but we are told that he died at a great age at Saalfeld on 21
Abbey near Cologne, the place where his marriage had been
It was dedicated in 1028 by Piligrim, archbishop
of Cologne. Ezzo and his wife were buried at Brauweiler.
He and Mathilda left three sons and seven daughters:
- Liudolf (c. 1000–10 April 1031),
Count of Zütphen.
- Otto I (died 1047),
Count Palatine of Lotharingia and later Duke of Swabia as Otto II.
- Hermann II
(995–1056), Archbishop of
- Theophanu (died 1056), Abbess of Essen and Gerresheim.
- Richeza of Lotharingia
(died 21 March 1063), Queen of Poland, married with King Mieszko II of Poland.
- Adelheid (died c. 1030), Abbess of Nijvel
- Heylwig, Abbess of Neuss.
- Mathilde, Abbess of Dietkirchen and Villich.
- Sophie, Abbess of St. Maria, Mainz.
(died 1060), Abbess of Cologne and Gandersheim
Abbey (founded in 852 by her ancestor Liudolf, Duke of
- Kimpen, E., ‘Ezzonen und Hezeliniden in der rheinischen
Pfalzgrafschaft’, Mitteilungen des Österreichischen Instituts für
Geschichtsforschung. XII. Erg.-Band. (Innsbruck 1933) S.1-91.
- Lewald, Ursula, 'Die Ezzonen. Das Schicksal eines rheinischen
Fürstengeschlechts', Rheinische Vierteljahrsblätter 43 (1979)
- Steinbach, F., ‘Die Ezzonen. Ein Versuch territorialpolitischen
Zusammenschlusses der fränkischen Rheinlande’, Collectanea Franz
Steinbach. Aufsätze und Abhandlungen zur Verfassungs-, Sozial- und
Wirtschaftsgeschichte, geschichtlichen Landeskunde und
Kulturraumforschung, ed. F. Petri en G. Droege (Bonn 1967)
- Van Droogenbroeck, F.J., ‘Paltsgraaf Herman II (†1085) en de
stichting van de abdij van Affligem (28 juni 1062)’, Jaarboek voor
Middeleeuwse Geschiedenis 2 (Hilversum 1999) S.38-95.
- Van Droogenbroeck, F.J., ‘De betekenis van paltsgraaf Herman II
(1064-1085) voor het graafschap Brabant’, Eigen Schoon en De
Brabander 87 (Brussels 2004) S.1-166.
- Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to
America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 147-21,
- The Plantagenet Ancestry of King Edward III and Queen Phillippa
by George Andrews Moriarty