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The North American Aviation F-86D Sabre (sometimes called the "Sabre Dog" or "Dog Sabre") was a transonic jet all-weather interceptor. Based on North American's F-86 Sabre day fighter, the F-86D had only 25 percent commonality with other Sabre variants, with a larger fuselage, larger afterburning engine, and a distinctive nose radome.

Design and development

The YF-95 was a development of the F-86 Sabre, the first aircraft designed around the new 2.75 in (70 mm) Mighty Mouse FFAR (Fin-Folding Aerial Rocket). Begun in March 1949, the unarmed prototype, serial 50-577, first flew on December 22, 1949 piloted by North American test pilot George Welch and was the first U.S. Air Force night-fighter design with only a single crewman and a single engine, a J47-GE-17 with afterburner rated at 5,425 lbf (24 kN) static thrust. Gun armament was eliminated in favor of a retractable under-fuselage tray carrying 24 unguided Mk. 4 rockets, then considered a more effective weapon against enemy bombers than a barrage of cannon fire. A second prototype, serial 50-578, was also built, but the YF-95 nomenclature was short-lived as the design was subsequently redesignated YF-86D.

The fuselage was wider and the airframe length increased to 40 ft 4 in, with clamshell canopy, enlarged tail surfaces, and AN/APG-36 all-weather radar fitted in a radome in the nose, above the intake. Later models of the F-86D received an uprated J-47-GE-33 engine rated at 5,550 lbf/25 kN (from the F-86D-45 production blocks onward). A total of 2,504 D-models were built.

Operational history

On 18 November 1952, F-86D-20-NA (SNc.51-2945) set a speed record of . Captain J. Slade Nash flew over a three km course at the Salton Sea in California at a height of only . Another F-86D broke this world record on 16 July 1953, when Lieutenant Colonel William Barnes flying the first F-86D-35-NA (51-6145) in the same path of the previous flight, achieved .

Variants

Family tree of Sabre & Fury variants
North American F-86D at USAF Museum
Luftwaffenmuseum der Bundeswehr; Airforce Museum of the Bundeswehr; Berlin-Gatow, F-86K
Luftwaffenmuseum der Bundeswehr; Airforce Museum of the Bundeswehr; Berlin-Gatow, F-86K
F-86Ds of the 514th Fighter-Inteceptor Squadron - 86th FIS - Ramstein AB Germany
F-86D Serial 52-3900 of the 440th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, Erding Air Base, Germany, 1956 Source: United States Air Force
F-86D of the 526th Fighter-Inteceptor Squadron - 86th FIS - Ramstein AB Germany
Exhibit at the Hellenic Air Force Museum at Dekelia (Tatoi), Athens, Greece.
North American F-86D Sabre Dog
Danish North American F-86D Sabre


YF-95A: prototype all-weather interceptor; two built; designation changed to YF-86D, North American model NA-164.
YF-86D
Was YF-95A.
F-86D
Production interceptor originally designated F-95A, 2,506 built.
F-86G
Provisional designation for F-86D variant with uprated engine and equipment changes, 406 built as F-86D models.
YF-86K
Basic version of F-86D intended for export with rocket tray replaced by four 20 mm (.79 in) cannon and simplified fire control system, two conversions.
F-86K
NATOmarker version of F-86D; MG-4 fire control system; four 20 mm (.79 in) M-24A1, with 132 rpg each; APG-37 radar.
F-86L
Upgrade conversion of F-86D with new electronics, extended wingtips and wing leading edges, revised cockpit layout, and uprated engine; 981 converted.


Operators

Source: Dorr


Received 59 ex-USAF F-86Ds 1958-1960; assigned to 723, 726 and 728 Squadrons.
Fiatmarker built 62 F-86Ks for France (1956-1957), assigned to EC 1/13 Artois, EC 2/13 Alpes, and EC 3/13 Squadrons. (s/n: 55-4814/4844), 55-4846/4865, 55-4872/4874, 55-4876/4879)
Acquired 88 U.S. F-86Ks 22 July 1957-23 June 1958. The Ks were assigned to Jagdgeschwaders 74 and 75.
Acquired some U.S. F-86Ds were received in 1961 (no details).
Acquired Six Venezuelan F-86Ks in 1970.
Fiat produced 121 F-86Ks for Italy, 1955-1958. Also, 120 U.S. F-86Ks were acquired. F-86s were assigned to the AMI air groups: 6 Gruppo COT/1 Stormo, 17 Gruppo/1 Stormo, 23 Gruppo/1 Stormo, 21 Gruppo/51 Aerobrigata, 22 Gruppo/51 Aerobrigata and 12 Gruppo/4 Aerobrigata.
Acquired 122 US F-86Ds, 1958-1961; assigned to four all-weather interceptor hikotai, and Air Proving Ground at Gifu.
Acquired 57 U.S.-built and six Fiat-built F-86K Sabres, 1955-1956; and assigned to three squadrons, No. 700, 701 and 702.
Acquired 60 U.S.-built F-86K Sabres, 1955-1956, and four Italian-assembled Fiat K-models.
Acquired 20 F-86Ds, beginning 1957; part of the U.S. military assistance package.
Acquired 40 F-86Ds, beginning 20 June 1955.
Acquired 50 US-built F-86Ds, and 40 F-86Ks.
Acquired 20 F-86Ls.


Acquired 74 Fiat-built F-86Ks, October 1955 - December 1960; acquired 51 US-built F-86Ks from West Germany.
Acquired an unknown number of F-86Ds.


Survivors

Many Sabres of several different Marks are preserved around the world, some examples being:



Specifications (F-86D-40-NA)

See also

References

Notes

  1. Dorr 1993, pp. 65–96.
  2. Dorr 1993, p.72.


Bibliography

  • Allward, Maurice. F-86 Sabre. London: Ian Allen, 1978. ISBN 0-71100-860-4.
  • Angelucci, Enzo and Peter Bowers. The American Fighter: the Definite Guide to American Fighter Aircraft from 1917 to the Present. New York: Orion Books, 1987. ISBN 0-51756-588-9.
  • Curtis, Duncan. North American F-86 Sabre. Ramsbury, UK: Crowood, 2000. ISBN 1-86126-358-9.
  • Dorr, Robert F.F-86 Sabre Jet: History of the Sabre and FJ Fury. St. Paul, Minnesota: Motorbooks International Publishers, 1993. ISBN 0-87938-748-3.
  • Joos, Gerhard W. Canadair Sabre Mk 1-6, Commonwealth Sabre Mk 30-32 in RCAF, RAF, RAAF, SAAF, Luftwaffe & Foreign Service. Kent, UK: Osprey Publications Limited, 1971. ISBN 0-85045-024-1.
  • Käsmann, Ferdinand C.W. Die schnellsten Jets der Welt: Weltrekord- Flugzeuge (in German). Oberhaching, Germany: Aviatic Verlag-GmbH, 1994. ISBN 3-925505-26-1.
  • Knaack, Marcelle Size. Encyclopedia of US Air Force Aircraft and Missile Systems, Volume 1, Post-World War Two Fighters, 1945-1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1978. ISBN 0-912799-59-5.
  • Singh, Sarina, et al. Pakistan & the Karakoram Highway. London: Lonely Planet Publications, 2004. ISBN 0-86442-709-3.
  • Wilson, Stewart. Combat Aircraft since 1945. Fyshwick, ACT, Australia: Aerospace Publications Pty Ltd, 2000. ISBN 1-875671-50-1.
  • Swanborough, F. Gordon. United States Military Aircraft Since 1909. London: Putnam, 1963. ISBN 0-87474-880-1.
  • Wagner, Ray. American Combat Planes - Second Edition. Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Company, 1968. ISBN 0-370-00094-3.
  • Wagner, Ray. The North American Sabre. London: Macdonald, 1963. No ISBN.
  • Werrell, Kenneth P. Sabres Over MiG Alley. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2005. ISBN 1-59114-933-9.
  • Westrum, Ron. Sidewinder. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1999. ISBN 1-55750-951-4.


External links




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