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FC Dinamo Tbilisi ( ) is the Georgiamarker-based football team of Dinamo Tbilisi, playing in the capital of Georgiamarker, Tbilisimarker.

Dinamo Tbilisi was one of the most prominent clubs of the Soviet football and the main contender for the title of the Soviet Top League almost since the league establishment in 1936. The club was then a part of one of the leading sport societies in Soviet Unionmarker, the All-Union Dynamo sports society having several other departments beside football and sponsored by the Soviet Ministry of Internal Affairs. Its main claim to European fame was winning the Cup Winners' Cup in 1981, beating FC Carl Zeiss Jena of East Germany 2-1 in the final in Düsseldorf. Throughout its history FC Dinamo Tbilisi had introduced many famous Soviet players like: David Kipiani, Mikheil Meskhi, Ramaz Shengelia, Alexandre Chivadze, Kakha Kaladze, Slava Metreveli, Murtaz Khurtsilava, Giorgi Merebashvili, Giorgi Loria, and would later produce some of the finest Georgian players such as Temuri Ketsbaia.

FC Dinamo Tbilisi were one of few teams in the Soviet Top League (along with FC Dynamo Moscow and Dynamo Kyiv), that never relegated. The most famous coach of FC Dinamo Tbilisi was Nodar Akhalkatsi, who led the team to the Soviet title in 1978, couple of Soviet cups (1976 and 1979), and the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1981. He also was an assistant coach of Soviet Union National Team during FIFA World Cup 1982. FC Dinamo Tbilisi are 13-time Georgian league champions and 8-time Georgian Cup holders (the current record).

History

The Beginning: 1920's

The history of FC Dinamo Tbilisi begun from the autumn of 1925. Management of the sports society of Dinamo set out to form football club. In those days football was gradually becoming one of the most popular sports in the world.

In 1927 FC Dinamo Tbilisi established Juniors club "Norchi Dinamoeli" (young Dinamo). The club provided FC Dinamo Tbilisi with young skillful players. Numerous talented players graduated from the youngsters club, among them was the first goalkeeper who played for Dinamo in the USSR championship. The first captain - Shota Savgulidze, defender - Mikhail Minaev, forward - Vladimer Berdzenishvili and other famous players.

In early years in Georgia there was no official championships held, so the teams was playing friendly games amongst each other. The first match was played with Azerbaijan team Dinamo Baku on 26 January 1926. More experienced Azerbaijan squad won the match 1:0.

In this historical game following players starred: D.Tsomaia, A.Pochkhua, M.Blackman, I.Foidorov, N.Anakin, A.Gonel, A.Pivovarov, O.Goldobin, A.Galperin, S.Maslenikov, V.Tsomaia.

After 3 days Dinamo played against another Azerbaijan team, "Progress" and easily beat them 3:0.Despite the fact that in the middle years of 30s the physical preparation and skills of the Georgian players were perfect, the football federation of the Soviet Union placed FC Dinamo Tbilisi in the first league instead of superior one. Dinamo emerged as a winner in the match against, probably the best team in the USSR championship, Dynamo Moscow, score 9:5 in Tbilisi. Afterwards they beat Dinamo Leningrad 3:2.

The fact that Dinamo Tbilisi was not appreciated by the management of the Soviet Union football federation was clear. In the matches of first league Dinamo won 5 matches out of 6. And played draw against Stalinec Moscow. This was enough for Dinamo to qualify in the superior league.

World War II: 1930's and 40's

The second championship started in autumn of 1936. Altogether Dinamo played 1424 matches in SU championship. The first match out of these 1424 was played against Dinamo Kiev 2:2. Goals: Nikolas Somov and Boris Paichadze; Team: A.Dorokhov, S.Shavgulidze (E.Nikolaishvili), B.Berdzenishvili, N.Anakin, V.Jorbenadze, G.Gagua, I.Panin, M.Berdzenishvili, B.Paichadze, M.Aslamazov and N.Somov.

The first victory in USSR championship was in the match against Spartak Moscow. On 25 September. Mikheil Berdzenishvili scored the victorious goal. In that season Dinamo took 3rd place. There was a good opportunity to become the champion, but after the loss against Krasnaia Zaria Leningrad 2:3 no chances remained. In that season Dinamo played unforgettable match in Moscow with Spartak. That was SU cup's quarterfinal. Dinamo scored 3 goals in overtime!. They beat Spartak with the score 6:3.

In 1936 Dinamo qualified in SU cup's final and unfortunately lost against Lokomotiv Moscow 0:2.Overall, in 30s Dinamo was one of the leaders of Soviet football. Club twice emerged as a vice-champion, once took third place and twice played in the final game of the Soviet Cup.

The first international match played with the team form Baskonia (Spain) in 1937. Despite the fact that Georgians were very enthusiastic to win, they lost the game against the experienced and modern style team 0:2.

"Crownless champions" - this was the epithet often used towards Dinamo players in the 30-40s: S.Shavgulidze, A.Dorokhov, S.Shudra, B.Frolov, M.Berdzenishvili, A.Kiknadze, V.Panjukov, V.Berezhnoi, G.Gagua, V.Jorbenadze, G.Jejelava.

50's

In the 50s a wonderful player Avtandil Ghoghoberidze led the team. He spent 14 years in Dinamo. He keeps the record of played games and scored goals for Dinamo with 341 matches and 127 goals. In the same period of time following players gloriously starred for Dinamo: G.Antadze, V.Marghania, N.Dziapshipa, M.Minaev, A.Zazroev, V.Eloshvili, A.Chkuaseli…

A prominent place in Dinamo history belongs to Andro Zhordania, an outstanding coach and selector who is considered as one of the founders of the club. "The Renaissance" of Dinamo traditions at the end of the 50s and preparation for big victories is also connected to his name. FC Dinamo's Digomi practice ground is named after this legendary person

First Soviet Successes: 1960's

The first big victory came in 1964 when Dinamo won the Soviet Union championship. The team had an unbeaten record of the last 15 matches in the championship. At the end Dinamo appeared to have a tie with Torpedo Moscow and the teams played additional match in Tashkent (Uzbekistan). The players held a great performance and won 4:1. Georgian Supporters called them "Golden Guys".

A popular French magazine "France Football" wrote: "Dinamo team has great players. Their technique, skills and playing intellect enables us to name them the best Eastern representatives of 'South American Football Traditions', if Dinamo were able to participate in the UEFA Champions Cup, we are certain, they would bring the hegemony of Spanish-Italian teams to an end."

Unfortunately no Soviet team appeared in the Champions Cup at that time…1964 Soviet Champions: S.Kotrikadze, B.Sichinava, G.Petriashvili, J.Zeinklishvili, G.Tskhovrebov, V.Rekhviashvili, G.Sichinava, S.Iamanidze, S.Metreveli, V.Barkaia, M.Meskhi, I.Datunashvili, A.Apshiev. Coach: Gavril Kachalin.

In the late 60s and early 70s Dinamo was completed with numerous skillful players, legendary Mikheil Meskhi, inimitable Slava Metreveli, the captain of Soviet Union national team Murtaz Khurtsilava, Revaz Dzodzuashvili, Kakhi Asatiani, Gocha Gavasheli, Guram Petriashvili, Piruz Kanteladze, brothers Nodia...

European Years: 1970's

The first appearance in an UEFA tournament was in 1972 against the Dutch team Twente Enschede in the UEFA Cup. Dinamo won 3:2 with 2 goals by Givi Nodia and one by David Kipiani. The following players appeared on the field in this historical match: D.Gogia, R.Dzodzuashvili, V.Chelidze, M.Khurtsilava, S.Khinchagashvili, G.Petriashvili, M.Machaidze, K.Asatiani, V.Gutsaev, L.Nodia, G.Nodia, D.Kipiani.

In 1973 FC Dinamo Tbilisi won their first International tournament. After beating Athletic Madrid and Benfica, one of the best teams of that time, Dinamo won the trophy Columbus's Caravela.

In 1976 Nodar Akhalkatsi (a future President of the Georgian Football Federation) was appointed Dinamo Tbilisi head coach. It was under his leadership that the team achieved the biggest success. "Great Team" - this is how Dinamo of the 1976-1982 was addressed.

They were marked by a mobile, fast and technical style of playing. Dinamo won the Soviet Cup title in 1976. They defeated Ararat Erevan (Armenia) 3:0. Goals were scored by David Kipiani, Piruz Kanteladze (penalty) and Revaz Chelebadze. The team achieved the same success in 1979 when they beat Dinamo Moscow 5-4 on penalties.

Dinamo Tbilisi won the Soviet Top League for a second time in 1978. In 1979 Dinamo Tbilisi played its first match in the UEFA European Cup tournament. They defeated Liverpool FC (England).

Dinamo were eliminated by Hamburger SV (West Germany) in the next round.

Last Soviet Days: 1980's

The highlight of Dinamo history was 13 May 1981 when they beat Carl Zeiss (DDR) in the all-Eastern Block Cup Winners` Cup final game 2:1 in Dusseldorf and brought the precious prize to Tbilisi. It was a celebration not only for the team, but for whole Georgia as well.

Cup Winners` Cup winners: O.Gabelia, A.Chivadze, S.Khinchagashvili, N.Khizanishvili, G.Tavadze, V.Daraselia, Z.Svanadze, T.Sulakvelidze, V.Gutsaev, D.Kipiani, R.Shengelia, N.Kakilashvili, V.Zhvania. Goals scored by V.Gutsaev (1:1) and V.Daraselia (2:1).

Helmut Schon, World Cup 1974 winner German National Team's head coach said: "It is to be said directly, Dinamo deserved the victory. This team has top quality performers."FC Dinamo Tbilisi became eastmost European trophy holder team.

In 1982 Dinamo qualified to semifinal in Cup Winners` Cup tournament. In the 80s numerous skillful players appeared in the team, but various reasons they were not able to do their best: Grigol Tsaava, Mikheil Meskhi (junior), Otar Korghalidze, Gia Guruli, Mamuka Pantsulaia, Merab Zhordania, Levan Baratashvili and many other talented players.

Since 1983 crisis began in the history of Dinamo Tbilisi. It was hard for the club to qualify from the first rounds of the Soviet Cup. Bad performance in championship. From 1983 to1989 team appeared only once on the UEFA tournaments.

Dinamo Tbilisi played its last game in Soviet Union championship on 27 October 1989 against Dinamo Kiev. The fact that Dinamo played its first and last official matches in SU championship with Dinamo Kiev is kind of symbolic, even more so is that, both matches ended with draw 2:2.

A League Of Their Own: 1990's

90s. In 1990 Georgian Football Federation refuses to participate in Soviet Union championship. That mean that no Georgian Football Clubs would appear on Soviet tournaments. From that very moment newest history of FC Dinamo Tbilisi started.

The most titled football club in Georgia played its first match in Georgian National championship against Kolkheti Poti on 30 March 1990. Surprisingly Dinamo loses the historical match with the score 0:1. In spite of the bad luck in the first round Dinamo proved its strength and appeared the winner of the first Georgian National championship. Club kept the title of the champion throughout the next 9 championships. First time club won the Georgian Cup in 1992. They beat Tskhumi Sokhumi in the final game.

In 1993 Dinamo makes double, became winner of Georgian Championship and Georgian Cup simultaneousely. Although, this was a great challenge, more important fact occurred in 1993. Dinamo played its first international official match representing independent Georgia. Dinamo won home match against Linfield (N.Ireland) 2:1 with goals from Shota Arveladze and Gela Inalishvili. The second leg in Belfast ended 1:1. Unfortunately Dinamo did not qualify to the next round. The club was suspended for two years from UEFA tournaments.

FC Dinamo Tbilisi continued to win Georgian championships and Georgian cup, but there was no luck on European tournaments.

In 1996 Dinamo qualified in 3 rounds of UEFA Cup. They beat Grevenmahcer (Luxemburg) 4:0 - 2:2, Molde (Norway) 2:1 - 0:0 and Torpedo (Russia) 1:0 - 1:1. Unfortunately club was not able to overcome Portuguese Boavista and left the tournament. This was the best result in Dinamo Tbilisi recent history (1990-2001).Later, the migration of the key players to Western European clubs caused negative results. It became harder and harder for the club to win Georgian Championship or Georgian Cup.

Stadium

Dinamo stadium was completed 1976, after a 10 yearlong construction. A huge group of architects, under the supervision of famous Georgian specialist Gia Kurdiani, worked on the project.

Before that, in place of new Dinamo stadium was a smaller stadium with maximum capacity of 35 000. The demand for new, bigger stadium was increasing because of the successful performance of Dinamo Tbilisi. This was the Communist time, when every problem had to be solved by the USSR supreme government body. The leader and the first secretary of Georgian Communist Party Eduard Shevardnadze was able to persuade Official Moscow, that Georgia needed bigger and better stadium for home matches. By the time stadium was built, it took the third place with its capacity in Soviet Union. It could fit 78 000 supporters and fulfill every standards and requirements of Soviet Football Federation as well as UEFA.

The first official match played after stadium was built occurred on September 29, 1976. This was UEFA cups 1/32 final match between Dinamo Tbilisi and Cardiff City, Wales. The opening game ended successfully for Dinamo, score 3:0.

Even though stadium's maximum capacity was 78 000, Georgian football fans can remember matches with more accommodation. For instance, in 1979 Dinamo was hosting one of the best British teams - Liverpool. The first round was played in England with the score 2:1 Liverpool won. So the pressure was high on the second game. Stadium was attended by 110 000 people and their support played important role in winning. Dinamo beat Liverpool 3:0 and qualified in 1/8 final. In Soviet Union Dinamo stadium is record keeper of the average attendance of 45 000.

The record of attendance repeated in 1995. Georgia vs. German24rwerwerwerrwetadium. Also football clubs Spartak Moscow (Russia) and Dinamo Kiev (Ukraine) often played their autumn international matches on the stadium.

Hundreds of Georgian, Russian, European and even South American stars played in Tbilisi Dinamo stadium. In 1985 stadium hosted the qualifying stage of Juniors World Cup. Taffarel and Muller were playing for Brazilian national team.

Since 1995 stadium was renamed to Boris Paichadze National Stadium. Paichadze was the legendary Georgian football player of all times.

National stadium was the home field of the Georgian National team for several years. Georgians played unforgettable matches against Wales 5:0 and Poland 3:0.

Stadium can remember many glorious days of 1978 and 1979 triumphs. Holding lighted torches, 80 000 fans came in 1981 just to congratulate European Cups Winners Cup's winning team Dinamo Tbilisi.

As an architectural building the National Stadium is estimated as one of the best in Georgia. Nearly all of the seats in second circle are covered. Unfortunately in official games according to UEFA regulations stadium can fit only 22 000 supporters on individual seats. Because of that reason Sport organization "Dinamo" is reconstructing "Dinamo" Stadium.

Eurocups Record

Season Competition Round Country Club Score
1972-73 UEFA Cup 1/32 FC Twente 3-2, 0-2
1973-74 UEFA Cup 1/32 PFC Slavia Sofia 4-1, 0-2
1/16 OFK Beograd 3-0, 5-1
1/8 Tottenham Hotspur F.C. 1-1, 1-5
1976-77 European Cup Winners' Cup 1/16 Cardiff City F.C. 0-1, 3-0
1/8 MTK Budapest FC 1-4, 0-1
1977-78 UEFA Cup 1/32 FC Inter 1-0, 0-0
1/16 KB 4-1, 2-1
1/8 Grasshopper-Club Zürich 1-0, 0-4
1978-79 UEFA Cup 1/32 S.S.C. Napoli 2-0, 1-1
1/16 Hertha BSC 0-2, 1-0
1979-80 European Cup 1/16 Liverpool F.C. 1-2, 3-0
1/8 Hamburg 1-3, 2-3
1980-81 European Cup Winners' Cup 1/16 Kastoria F.C. 0-0, 2-0
1/8 Waterford FC 1-0, 4-0
1/4 West Ham United 4-1, 0-1
1/2 Feyenoord Rotterdam 3-0, 0-2
Final FC Carl Zeiss Jena 2-1
1981-82 European Cup Winners' Cup 1/16 Grazer AK 2-0, 2-2
1/8 SC Bastia 1-1, 3-1
1/4 Legia Warszawa 1-0, 1-0
1/2 Standard Liège 0-1, 0-1
1982-83 UEFA Cup 1/32 S.S.C. Napoli 2-1, 0-1
1987-88 UEFA Cup 1/32 PFC Lokomotiv Sofia 1-3, 3-0
1/16 Victoria Bucureşti 2-1, 0-0
1/8 Werder Bremen 1-2, 1-1
1993-94 UEFA Champions League 1Q Linfield F.C. 2-1, 1-1
1994-95 UEFA Cup 1Q FC Universitatea Craiova 2-0, 2-1
1/32 FC Tirol Innsbruck 1-0, 1-5
1995-96 UEFA Cup 1Q PFC Botev Plovdiv 0-1, 0-1
1996-97 UEFA Cup 1Q CS Grevenmacher 4-0, 2-2
2Q Molde F.K. 2-1, 0-0
1/32 FC Torpedo Moscow 1-0, 1-1
1/16 Boavista FC 1-0, 0-5
1997-98 UEFA Cup 1/32 MPKC Mozyr 1-1, 1-0
1/16 SC Braga 0-4, 0-1


Honors

1981 1964, 1978 1976, 1979 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2003, 2005, 2008 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2003, 2004, 2009 1996, 1997, 1999, 2005, 2008 2004

Current squad

As of July 27, 2009

Topscorers by season



Notable managers

Season Name Goals
2004/2005 Levan Melkadze 27
2005/2006 Jaba Dvali 21
2006/2007 Sandro Iashvili 27
2007/2008 Mikheil Khutsishvili 16


Notable past players

USSR-era players listed have at least one cap for the USSR national football team.



External links




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