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The FIFA Women's World Cup is recognized as the most important International competition in women's football and is played amongst women's national football teams of the member states of FIFAmarker, the sport's global governing body. Contested every four years, the first Women's World Cup tournament, named the Women's World Championship, was held in 1991, sixty-one years after the men's first FIFA World Cup tournament in 1930. The current format has sixteen teams competing every four years for the winner's trophy.

History

The tournament was originally the brainchild of the then FIFA president João Havelange. The inaugural tournament was hosted in Chinamarker in 1991, with twelve teams sent to represent their countries. The 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup was held in Swedenmarker with twelve teams. Over 660,000 spectators attended the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup in the United Statesmarker, and nearly one billion viewers from seventy countries tuned in to watch sixteen countries fight for the title.The United States and Germany have won the championship twice, and Norway once. Germany is the two-time defending champion.

In the 1999 edition, one of the most famous moments of the tournament was American defender Brandi Chastain's victory celebration after scoring the Cup-winning penalty shot against China. She took off her jersey and waved it over her head (as men frequently do), showing her muscular torso and sports bra as she celebrated. The 1999 final in the Rose Bowlmarker in Pasadena, Californiamarker had an attendance of 90,185, a world record for a women's sporting event.

The 1999 and 2003 Women's World Cups were both held in the United States; in 2003 China was supposed to host it but the tournament was moved because of SARS. As compensation, China retained its automatic qualification to the 2003 tournament as host nation and was automatically chosen to host the 2007 FIFA Women's World Cup. Germanymarker will host the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, as decided by vote in October 2007. The 2015 event is currently being contested between Canadamarker and Chilemarker.

At the 2007 World Cup in China, U.S. captain Kristine Lilly competed in her fifth World Cup, making her the only woman and one of three players in history to appear in five World Cups.

Format

The participants qualify through the regional football confederations of Oceania , Europe , North America, Central America and the Caribbean , South America , Asia and Africa .

The competition takes place over the course of three weeks. In the group stage, 16 teams seeded into four groups (A,B,C, and D) compete against each other in a round-robin tournament. After Germany trounced Argentina 11–0 in the opening game of the 2007 World Cup, FIFA president Sepp Blatter conceded that the one-sided match was "not good for the game" and was something that FIFA would consider in deciding whether or not to expand the group phase to 24 teams.

In the knockout phase, the top two teams from each group advance to the quarterfinals, a single-elimination tournament in which teams play each other in one-off matches, with extra time and penalty shootouts used to decide the winner if necessary. The winner of Group A plays the runner-up of Group B, The winner of Group B plays the runner-up of Group A, etc.

The winners of the four quarterfinal games move on to the semifinal matches, which determine the contestants for the championship game. The losing semifinalists compete to determine third place.

Tournaments

Year Host Final Third Place Match
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
1991

Details
2–1 4–0
1995

Details
2–0 2–0
1999

Details
0–0

asdet

(5–4)

PSO
0–0

no et

(5–4)

PSO
2003

Details
2–1

asdet
3–1
Match decided on golden goal
2007

Details
2–0 4–1
2011

Details


All-time performance

Team Titles Runners-up Third-place Fourth-place
2 (2003, 2007) 1 (1995) - 1 (1991)
2 (1991, 1999) - 3 (1995, 2003, 2007) -
1 (1995) 1 (1991) - 2 (1999, 2007)
- 1 (2007) 1 (1999) -
- 1 (2003) 1 (1991) -
- 1 (1999) - 1 (1995)
- - - 1 (2003)


Awards

adidas Golden Ball

World Cup Golden Ball Award
1991 China Carin Jennings
1995 Sweden Hege Riise
1999 USA Sun Wen
2003 USA Birgit Prinz
2007 China Marta


adidas Golden Shoe

World Cup Golden Shoe Award Goals
1991 China Michelle Akers 10
1995 Sweden Ann-Kristin Aarønes 6
1999 USA Sissi
 Sun Wen
7
2003 USA Birgit Prinz 7
2007 China Marta 7


FIFA Fair Play Award

World Cup Fair Play Team Award
1991 China Germany
1995 Sweden Sweden
1999 USA China
2003 USA China
2007 China Norway


Records and statistics

Overall top goalscorers

14 goals


12 goals


11 goals


10 goals


9 goals


8 goals


7 goals


Most tournaments appeared (players)

Player Appearances
Kristine Lilly 5 (1991, 95, 99, 03, 07)
Bente Nordby 5 (1991*, 95, 99, 03, 07)
Joy Fawcett 4 (1991, 95, 99, 03)
Julie Foudy 4 (1991, 95, 99, 03)
Mia Hamm 4 (1991, 95, 99, 03)
Hege Riise 4 (1991, 95, 99, 03)
Sun Wen 4 (1991, 95, 99, 03)
Bettina Wiegmann 4 (1991, 95, 99, 03)
Formiga 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Katia 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Tânia 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Sandra Minnert 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Birgit Prinz 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Sandra Smisek 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Maureen Mmadu 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Andrea Neil 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Cheryl Salisbury 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Homare Sawa 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
Briana Scurry 4 (1995, 99, 03, 07)
*Did not play but was part of the squad.

FIFA Women's World Cup winning captains and managers

Year Captain Head coach Team
1991 April Heinrichs Anson Dorrance USA
1995 Heidi Støre Even Pellerud Norway
1999 Carla Overbeck Tony DiCicco USA
2003 Bettina Wiegmann Tina Theune-Meyer Germany
2007 Birgit Prinz Silvia Neid Germany


See also



References

  1. [1]


External links




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