The Full Wiki

FIFA World Cup qualification: Map

Advertisements
  
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:

FIFAmarker World Cup qualification is the process a national association football team goes through to qualify for the FIFA World Cup Finals, or, more commonly known as the FIFA World Cup. The FIFA World Cup is a global event, and qualification is used to reduce the large field of participants from about 200 to 32.

Qualifying tournaments are held within the six FIFA continental zones (Africa, Asia, North and Central America and Caribbean, South America, Oceania, Europe), and are organized by their respective confederations. For each tournament, FIFA decides beforehand the number of spots awarded to each of the continental zones, based on the relative strength of the confederations' teams. 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification commenced in 2007 and finishes in late 2009.

The hosts of the World Cup receive an automatic berth in the finals. Unlike many other sports, results of the previous World Cups or of the continental championships are not taken into account. Until 2002, the defending champions also received an automatic berth, but starting from the 2006 World Cup they also need to enter qualifying.

History

Over many years, the World Cup's qualification has evolved, from having no qualification at all in 1930, when the tournament was invitational and only 13 teams entered, to a two-year process in 2006 which started in 2003.

While the number of teams which qualified for the finals has increased steadily, from 16 between 1934 and 1978, to 24 between 1982 and 1994, and finally to 32 starting from 1998, the qualification format has been basically the same throughout the history of the World Cup. The teams have been grouped continentally, and they competed for a fixed number of berths, with one or two berths reserved for winners of the intercontinental play-offs.

Qualification spots by continent

The table below lists the numbers of spots allocated by FIFA for each continent in each tournament. Places in the intercontinental play-offs count as 0.5 spots. Numbers in bold represent the winners of the intercontinental play-offs. "+C" denotes an additional spot for defending champions. "+H" denotes an additional spot for hosts.

Places allocated for continents
Continental zone 1934

(16)

1938

(15)1

1950

(13)2

1954

(16)

1958

(16)

1962

(16)

1966

(16)

1970

(16)

1974

(16)

1978

(16)

1982

(24)

1986

(24)

1990

(24)

1994

(24)

1998

(32)

2002


(32)


2006

(32)6

2010

(32)

Africa 1 / / / 0.53 0.54 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 5 5 5 5
+H
Asia 1 12 1 0.54 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3.5 2.5
+2H
4.5 4.5
Oceania / / / / / / 0.5 0.5 0.255 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Europe 12 111
+C+H
72
+C
11
+H
9.53
+C+H
94 9
+H
8
+C
8.5
+H
8.5
+C
13
+H
12.5
+C
13
+H
12
+C
14
+H
13.5
+C
13
+H
13
North and Central America
and Caribbean
1 1 2 1 1 0.5 1 1
+H
1 1 2 1
+H
2 1.255
+H
3 3 3.5 3.5
South America 2 1 4
+H
1
+C
3 3.5
+C+H
3
+C
3 2.5
+C
2.5
+H
3
+C
4 2.5
+C
3.55 4
+C
4.5 4.5 4.5
Total 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 24 24 24 24 32 32 32 32


  • 1 In 1938, Austria withdrew after qualifying due to being annexed by Germany and were not replaced, so only 15 teams, 12 of them European, played in the finals.
  • 2 In 1950, India, Scotland and Turkey withdrew after qualifying and were not replaced, so only 13 teams, none of them Asian and 6 of them European, played in the finals.
  • 3 Initially in 1958, Africa and Asia together were given 1 spot, while Europe was given 9 spots.
    However, after Israel won the African and Asian zone without playing any matches due to withdrawals of other teams, a special play-off was arranged between them and a European team (Wales).
    So in effect, Africa and Asia together were given 0.5 spots, while Europe was given 9.5 spots.
  • 4 In 1962, Europe was given 8 automatic spots, plus 2 additional spots in the intercontinental play-offs, in effect giving them 9 spots.
    The two European teams played an African team and an Asian team respectively, and both European teams won.
    Therefore, 10 European teams played in the finals.
  • 5 In 1994, there were two rounds of intercontinental play-offs.
    First, an Oceanian team played a team from North and Central America and Caribbean, and the winner then played a South American team.
  • 6 From the 2006 qualifiers on, the defending champion no longer has an automatic spot secured.


Qualification competition entrants over time

The number of teams entering the qualification process and the number of matches played have been steadily growing over time.

Number of teams entering qualification (including automatic qualifiers)
Continental zone 1934

(16)

1938

(15)

1950

(13)

1954

(16)

1958

(16)

1962

(16)

1966

(16)

1970

(16)

1974

(16)

1978

(16)

1982

(24)

1986

(24)

1990

(24)

1994

(24)

1998

(32)

2002


(32)


2006

(32)

2010

(32)

Africa 3 0 0 0 11 6 21 13 24 26 29 29 26 40 38 51 51 53
Asia 2 4 3 5 7 18 22 21 27 26 29 36 42 39 43
Oceania1 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 5 7 10 10 12 11
Europe 21 26 19 29 29 30 33 31 33 32 34 33 33 39 50 51 52 53
North and Central America
and Caribbean
4 7 3 5 6 8 10 14 14 17 15 18 16 23 30 35 34 35
South America 4 2 8 6 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 9 10 10 10 10
Total entrants 32 37 34 45 55 56 74 75 99 107 109 121 116 147 174 199 198 205
Teams played2 27 21 19 33 46 49 51 68 90 95 103 110 103 130 168 193 194 2003
Matches played 27 22 26 57 89 92 127 172 226 252 306 308 314 497 643 777 847 853
Goals scored 141 96 121 208 341 325 393 542 620 723 797 801 735 1446 1922 2452 2464 2344
Average goals per match 5.22 4.36 4.65 3.65 3.83 3.53 3.09 3.15 2.74 2.87 2.60 2.60 2.34 2.91 2.99 3.16 2.91 2.75


  • 1 Because the Oceania Football Confederation has used the World Cup Qualifiers as a phase of (or as the entire) Oceania Nations Cup, there is the possibility for non-FIFA countries to enter in matches that double as World Cup qualifiers.
    In the 2006 qualifiers, New Caledonia were included in the tournament although they were not FIFA members at the date of close of entries.
    They are, however, included in the 12 nations listed as they joined FIFA during the course of qualification, even though they had been technically eliminated from contention a few days earlier (a similar situation occurred in the entries for 2010, with Montenegro's entry accepted prior to their admission by FIFA).
    By contrast, Tuvalu have entered the 2007 South Pacific Games Football tournament, which double as qualifiers for the 2010 World Cup.
    They are not included in the 11 OFC entrants, although their results will have an impact on qualification.
  • 2 "Teams played" is the total number of teams that played at least one qualifying match.
  • 3 This number include Tuvalu and South Africa.
    Although South Africa were automatically qualified for 2010 as hosts, they competed in the CAF qualifiers, becoming the first hosts to compete in World Cup qualifying since 1934.
    This is because the Confederation of African Football used its 2010 World Cup qualifiers as the qualifying phase for the 2010 African Cup of Nations, a tournament for which South Africa had to qualify separately.


First appearance in qualification by team

World Cup Europe South America North, Central America and Caribbean Asia Africa Oceania Total

1934










1





























none2





Palestine none 27

1938






none none none none none 4

1950




3



none none 4

none none 7

1954








none

none none 8

1958

East Germany




















none 17

1962




none







none 10

1966


none 6

1970
none none

none









9

1974
none

































none 21

1978
none none



5



















none 15

1982
none none




6




9

1986
none none none














7
none 10

1990
none none none

8

none 4

1994




none






9














18

1998





10

9



10


11













none





















12









35

2002
none

































22

2006
13 none none none 14 3

2010
10
10
none none

14 6
Total 62 10 37 50 58 13 230


  • 1 Despite being the hosts, Italy had to qualify to the tournament.
  • 2 Only teams that played at least one match are considered for the purposes of first appearance.
    Teams that withdrew prior to the qualification, or that qualified to the World Cup automatically due to another team's withdrawal are not considered.
  • 3 First appearance as Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; previous appearance as Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
  • 4 First appearance as Israel; previous appearances as Palestine.
  • 5 First appearance as Suriname; previous appearances as Dutch Guiana.
  • 6 First appearance as Zimbabwe; previous appearances as Rhodesia.
  • 7 First appearance as Benin; previous appearances as Dahomey.
  • 8 First appearance as Burkina Faso; previous appearances as Upper Volta.
  • 9 First appearance after the reunification.
  • 10 First appearance after the split.
  • 11 First appearance as Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; previous appearances as Kingdom of Yugoslavia and Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • 12 First appearance as Democratic Republic of the Congo; previous appearances as Zaire.
  • 13 First appearance as Serbia and Montenegro; previous appearances as Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • 14 Not a member of FIFA at the time of the qualification.


Current format

Currently, 32 places are available in the final tournament. One of them is reserved for the host nation, but if two or more nations host the competition jointly, each is awarded a place. The 2006 Finals were the first in which an automatic entry was not guaranteed to the previous champion; 2002 winner Brazil qualified for 2006 at the top of their qualifiers group.

FIFA decides beforehand the number of spots awarded to each of the continental zones. For the 2010 World Cup, the following numbers will be used :
  • UEFA (Europe) - 13 berths
  • CAF (Africa) - 5 berths, plus the host South Africa
  • AFC (Asia) and OFC (Oceania) - 4 berths for AFC countries, with the fifth going to the winners of an AFC-OFC playoff
  • CONMEBOL (South America) - 4 berths
  • CONCACAF (North and Central America and Caribbean) - 3 berths
  • 1 berth for the winners of CONMEBOL-CONCACAF playoff


These numbers vary slightly between tournaments (see above).

Qualification in all zones ends at approximately the same time, in September–November of the year preceding the finals.

The formats of the qualification tournaments differ between confederations and are outlined below.

Africa

The CAF qualification process began with a preliminary round (to narrow the field to 48 teams) prior to the main qualification draw in Durban in November 2007.

The qualifying competition for the 2010 World Cup is combined with the qualification process for the 2010 African Cup of Nations. As hosts of the World Cup, South Africa qualified automatically for the finals, but played in the qualifiers themselves (becoming the first hosts to do so since 1934 qualifying) to facilitate the African Cup of Nations version of the qualifiers.

The first group stage consisted of 12 groups of 4, with the group winners and 8 best runners-up advancing to the second group stage. That consists of 5 groups of 4 - with group winners advancing to the World Cup finals and top three nations in each group advancing to the 2010 African Cup of Nations.

Asia

Brunei, Laos and Philippines did not enter, with Bhutan given permission to enter after the official close of acceptances.

Qualifying has been substantially altered from the 2006 method, with two knock-out preliminary rounds to reduce the 43 entrants to 20, a first group stage with the top two sides from 5 groups of 4 advancing to a final group stage. The winners and runners-up of the two final groups of 5 advance to the World Cup finals with the two third-placed sides playing off for the right to play an Oceania side for a final World Cup spot.

Europe

The European qualification games started in August 2008. The 53 national teams will be divided into eight groups of six teams, and one group of five. The nine group winners will qualify directly and the best eight runners-up will play home and away play-off matches for the remaining four places.

North and Central America and Caribbean

The CONCACAF qualification process is identical to that for 2006 FIFA World Cup qualification . It consists of two preliminary rounds to reduce the 35 entrants to 24 and then 12 teams, followed by 3 semifinal groups of 4 teams with the top two in each group advancing to a final 6-team group.

The final round is often referred to as "the hexagonal" because of the number of teams involved.

The top three teams would qualify for the 2010 FIFA World Cup while the fourth placed side would enter a play-off with the fifth placed CONMEBOL nation.

Oceania

Qualification in Oceania is composed of two rounds. The first round took place at the 2007 South Pacific Games, with the top 3 teams advancing to a final round group stage with New Zealand. The winner of the final group stage (New Zealand) will then play against the winner of the playoff between the two 3rd-placed Asian sides for a spot in the finals. This is a major change from the initial FIFA information on Oceania's qualification which suggested inclusion in the second Asian group stage.

South America

The CONMEBOL qualification process takes approximately 25 months. Ten participating teams play each other twice in a single group.The top 4 teams advance to the World Cup finals while the 5th placed team goes into a playoff with the fourth placed CONCACAF nation.

Intercontinental play-offs

Intercontinental play-offs are played as two home-and-away matches. The team that scores a greater aggregate number of goals qualifies. Away goals rule applies. If these rules fail to determine the winner, extra time and penalty shootout are used.

Group tournaments rules

In all group tournaments, three points are awarded for a win, one for a draw, and none for a loss. FIFA has set the order of the tie-breakers for teams that finish level on points:
  1. goal difference in all group matches
  2. greater number of goals scored in all group matches
Where teams are still not able to be separated, the following tie-breakers are used:
  1. greater number of points obtained in matches between the tied teams
  2. goal difference in matches between the tied teams
  3. greater number of goals scored in matches between the tied teams
Where teams are still equal, then a play-off on neutral ground, with extra time and penalties if necessary will be played if FIFA deems such a play-off able to be fitted within the coordinated international match calendar. If this is not deemed feasible, then the result will be determined by the drawing of lot.

Note that this order of tie-breaker application differs from that used in the qualification for the 2006 World Cup (although it was - where applicable - used in the 2006 finals themselves). If these rules had applied in 2006, then Nigeria would have qualified rather than Angola.

References

  1. Clear declaration to defend the autonomy of sport, FIFA Official site. Retrieved on December 20, 2006
  2. UEFA Executive Committee decisions: Format for European qualifying for FIFA World Cup 2010 decided, UEFA. Retrieved on June 24, 2007
  3. See, for example,
  4. OFC 2010 FIFA WORLD CUP ROUTE VIA ASIA, Oceania Football Confederation Official site. Retrieved on 18 November 2009


See also



External links




Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message