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Fudbalski klub Partizan (Serbian: Фудбалски клуб Партизан, English: Partizan Football Club) is a professional football club based in Belgrademarker, Serbiamarker. It holds records such as playing in the first European Champions' Cup match in 1955, becoming the first Eastern European club to play in the European Champions' Cup final in 1966, and becoming the first club from Serbia to take part in the UEFA Champions League group stages. It is a major part of the Sports Association Partizan. The second division team FK Teleoptik is also owned by Partizan. According to UEFA, Partizan has the second-ranking youngster school in Europe, right after Ajax Amsterdam. According to a recent poll, Partizan Belgrade is the second most popular football club in Serbia, with 32.2 percent of the population supporting the club.

History

Partizan was founded on October 4, 1945, as part of the Yugoslav Sports Association, and was named after the partisans, the communist military formation during the World War II in Yugoslavia. The club is still a member of the same sports association, which includes 25 clubs in different sports, as well as the Football Association of Serbia, but it has complete independence regarding organisation, management, finances, material goods and facilities.

The club was initially formed under the Yugoslav People's Army, and the stadium was named Stadion JNA (Stadium of Yugoslav People's Army). In the early 50's, the club became independent from the Army. The first international match was played on December 6, 1945, against CSKA Moscow (then known as CDKA).

Partizan participated in the first ever Champions Cup match, that took place on September 3, 1955 in Lisbonmarker against Sporting. The final result was 3–3. Partizan also became the first club from Eastern Europe to have played in a European Cup final against Real Madrid, after eliminating Manchester United in the semifinals. In more recent years, the club played in the 2003–04 UEFA Champions League, after eliminating Newcastle United in the last qualifying round. Partizan also played in the round of 16 of the UEFA Cup in 2004–05.

Partizan's current colors are black and white, after wearing blue and red for the first four years.

Honours

League Cups

Records and Highlights

Momčilo Vukotić is Partizan's record-holder by number of appearances (752 matches). The goal-scoring record-holder is striker Stjepan Bobek, with 403 goals.

Over 130 Partizan football players were in the Yugoslav national team and Stjepan Bobek, Branko Zebec, Zlatko Čajkovski, Fahrudin Jusufi, Milan Galić, Milutin Šoškić, Slaviša Jokanović and Predrag Mijatović (a former sporting director of Real Madrid) are among them. Former Partizan player Savo Milošević played 102 matches for the national football team, a national record.

One of Partizan's most legendary players is Dragan Mance. He led Partizan in their 1984–85 UEFA Cup second round tie against English side Queens Park Rangers, one of the most memorable matches in the club's history. QPR won the first leg 6–2, but Partizan advanced after a 4–0 return victory. That match was voted on the 70th position among Top 100 greatest matches in the history of football, in a poll organized by Eurosport in September 2009. Mance died September 3, 1985 in a car crash at the peak of his popularity. He was only 23 years old at the time.

The "black and whites" are record-holders of the Yugoslav First League, in terms of points scored during a campaign, with 107 in one year's championship and are the only unbeaten champion team ever (in the 2004–05 season). Partizan also won the most national championships since the break-up of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslaviamarker, being a champion 10 out of 18 times.

Arguably, Partizan's most exciting match was a double header against Celtic in 1989. The first tie was held in Mostarmarker (now Bosnia and Herzegovina) which Partizan won 2–1. The second leg was held in Scotlandmarker which Celtic won 5–4. Partizan scored in the last minute to qualify on the away goals rule in front of nearly 50,000 fans. Partizan also played in a 1966 European Cup final against Real Madrid, after eliminating Manchester United in the semifinals. At one point, Partizan was 1–0 up, only to lose to the Spaniards 2–1 at the end.

Some of the highlights from Partizan's recent past include a UEFA Champions League appearance in the 2003–04 season. After eliminating Newcastle United in the last qualifying round, Partizan was drawn in a tough group with Real Madrid, FC Porto (actual winner of the UEFA Cup and the eventual winner of the competition) and Olympique de Marseille (eventual runner-up of the UEFA Cup). The team never lost a home game, playing 0–0 with Real Madrid, and 1–1 with FC Porto and Olympique de Marseille while playing some inspired football in the away match in Madrid. They are the first, and so far the only Serbian team to qualify for the main draw of this elite European club competition since its inception in 1992.

In the next season, Partizan reached the round-of-16 in the UEFA Cup, where it was eliminated by CSKA Moscow, the eventual winner of the competition.

In the 2007–08 UEFA Cup qualifying stages, Partizan was expelled and fined €30,056 due to crowd trouble, after fighting broke out with opponent fans during their qualifying match against HŠK Zrinjski Mostar, and after beating them by an aggregate score of 11–1.

Seasons 2007–08 and 2008–09 will remain as one of the most successful in club's domestic history. In season 2008–09 the club successfully defended their league and cup double from 2007–08 season, for the first time in its history.

On July 21, 2009, Partizan demolished Welsh champions Rhyl, with a score of 8–0 (12–0 on agg.) This score is their largest ever winning margin in European competitions.

Rivalry with Red Star Belgrade

Partizan's city rival is Red Star Belgrade. The dual is regarded as one of the greatest football rivalries in the world and the matches between these rivals have been labeled as the eternal derby (Serbian Latin: večiti derbi, Serbian Cyrillic: вечити дерби). Given the its widespread touch on the entirety of a major city, it's dubbed one of, along with the Old Firm, the Rome derby and the Istanbul derby, the most heated rivalries in European football. These matches are always greatly anticipated and quite spectacular, but in recent years the amount of violence and hooliganism made attendance fall an inevitable consequence. The greatest attendance was about 108,000 spectators.

British Daily Mail in September 2009 has ranked Partizan - Red Star derby on the 8th position among 10 greatest football rivalries in the world.

Supporters

The Grobari celebrate.
Partizan's supporters, the Grobari (Gravediggers), were formed in 1970. The nickname itself was given by their biggest rivals (the Delije of Red Star Belgrade, referring to the club's mostly black colors which were similar to the official uniforms of cemetery undertakers. The other theory is that the name arrives from Partizan's stadium street name - Humska (Graves).They support all clubs in the Sports Association Partizan. In 1999, the organized supporters who traditionally occupy the south stands at the stadium split into two groups. The newly formed group named Južni Front (South Front) accused several top members of the Grobari organization for abusing their privileges, and the club itself for favoring those individuals.In 2006, they settled their differences and today there are three major fan groups: Južni Front, Grobari 1970 and Grobari Beograd. From 2005 until 2007, fan groups boycotted all Partizan matches until sports director Nenad Bjeković and general secretary Žarko Zečević resigned, which was their main goal. Bjeković finally resigned in May and Zečević in September 2007. As a result of their demands being accepted, the Grobari returned to the stands of Stadion Partizanamarker.

Danny Dyer featured the Grobari on the Real Football Factories International show. In the episode he labelled the Grobari as a group willing to do anything for the respect of the club.

Stadium and Sports Centre

Partizan Stadium
The club's stadium is now named Stadion Partizanamarker, although it was known as Stadion JNA (Stadium of the Yugoslav People's Army) for most of its history, and is still sometimes called that. The stadium seated approximately 55,000 people before UEFA's law of having seats across the entire stadium. The current capacity is 32,887 people.

The stadium was used from the mid-fifties until 1987 as the final point of yearly festivities called the Day of Youth. Each year on May 25th, the baton of the Relay of Youth was finally passed into the hands of Josip Broz Tito, president of Yugoslaviamarker.

The sports centre Partizan-Teleoptik, also known as "Zemunelo" (the name being composed to show the resemblance to A.C. Milan's sports centre, Milanellomarker), is situated on the surface of almost 10 hectares, in the west part of Zemunmarker, on the intersection of two major highways and in vicinity of the airport. Regarding functionality, architectural solutions, modern equipment and building materials used, this centre is among sports buildings of the highest value in Europe. At present, it is a training and preparatory base of all Partizan selections, consisting of around six hundred sportsmen beginning with the first team, through the 2nd division team of Teleoptik, down to the youngest categories of the large Partizan family.

The stadium is expected to be redesigned by Swiss firm Mob Lab. The new capacity is to be approximately 45,000 seats and will include a very modern business park filled with hotels and office buildings.

Players

Squad information

 (joining Man Utd on 1 January 2010)


Out on loan

Notable former players

Please do not add or remove from this list until reading the .

SFR Yugoslavia (1945–1992)
FR Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro (1992–2006)
Serbia (2006–present)






Brazil


Cameroon


Nigeria


Poland


Note: All the players from the former Yugoslav republics are listed under the SFR Yugoslavia/FR Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro/Serbia section, if they were considered domestic players at the time they began playing for the club.

The list of all players that have represented the club can be found in the List of FK Partizan players.

Managerial history

 


Shirt sponsors and manufacturers

Period Kit Manufacturer Shirt Sponsor
1996–1998 Nikemarker OKI
1998–2000 Peugeot
2000–2003 Puma
2003–2004 Kappa Superfund
2004–2006 Imlek
2006 Austrotherm
2006–2009 Volkswagen
2009– MSImarker


References

  1. Top 100: Greatest matches 70-61
  2. http://www.theoffside.com/europe/the-inferno-at-yesterdays-biggest-rivalry-game.html


See also



External links

Official

Supporters


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