is a global social networking
website that is
operated and privately owned
by Facebook, Inc. Users can add friends and send them messages, and
update their personal profiles to notify friends about themselves.
Additionally, users can join networks organized by city, workplace,
school, and region. The website's name stems from the colloquial
name of books given at the start of the academic year
by university administrations
with the intention of helping students get to know each other
Mark Zuckerberg founded Facebook with his
college roommates and fellow computer science students Eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes while he was a student
University.The website's membership was initially
limited to Harvard students, but was expanded to other colleges in
the Boston area, the
Ivy League, and Stanford
It later expanded further to include any
university student, then high school students, and, finally, to
anyone aged 13 and over. The website currently has more than 300
million active users worldwide.
Facebook has met with some controversy
. It has been blocked
intermittently in several countries including Syria, China, Vietnam, and
It has also been banned at many places of
work to discourage employees from wasting time using the
has also been
an issue, and it has been compromised several times. Facebook
settled a lawsuit regarding claims over source code and
A January 2009 Compete.com
Facebook as the most used social network by worldwide monthly
active users, followed by MySpace
Mark Zuckerberg invented Facemash on October
28, 2003 while attending Harvard as a sophomore.
The site represented a
Harvard University version of Hot or Not, according to the Harvard
Crimson. That night, Zuckerberg was blogging about a girl who had
dumped him and trying to think of something to do to get her off
According to The Harvard
, Facemash "used photos compiled from the online
facebooks of nine Houses, placing two next to each other at a time
and asking users to choose the 'hotter' person." To accomplish
this, Zuckerberg hacked into the protected areas of Harvard's
computer network and copied the houses' private dormitory ID
Harvard at that time did not have a student directory with photos
and basic information and the initial site generated 450 visitors
and 22,000 photo-views in its first four hours online. That the
initial site mirrored people’s physical community -- with their
real identities -- represented the key aspects of what later became
"Perhaps Harvard will squelch it for legal reasons without
realizing its value as a venture that could possibly be expanded to
other schools (maybe even ones with good-looking people ... ),"
Zuckerberg wrote in his personal blog. "But one thing is certain,
and it’s that I’m a jerk for making this site. Oh well. Someone had
to do it eventually ... " The site was quickly forwarded to several
campus group list-servers but was shut down a few days later by the
Harvard administration. Zuckerberg was charged by the
administration with breach of security
violating copyrights and violating individual privacy and faced
, but ultimately the charges were
Zuckerberg expanded on this initial project that same semester by
creating a social study tool ahead of an art history final by
uploading 500 Augustan images to a website, with one image per page
along with a comment section. He opened the site up to his
classmates and people started sharing their notes. "The professor
said it had the best grades of any final he’d ever given. This was
my first social hack. With Facebook, I wanted to make something
that would make Harvard (and more open that) more open," Zuckerberg
said in a TechCrunch interview.
The Facebook on February 12,
The following semester, Zuckerberg began writing code for a new
website in January 2004. He was inspired, he said, by an editorial
in The Harvard Crimson
about the Facemash incident. "It is
clear that the technology needed to create a centralized Website is
readily available," the paper observed. "The benefits are many." On
February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg launched The
, originally located at
thefacebook.com.“Everyone’s been talking a lot about a universal
face book within Harvard,” Zuckerberg told The Harvard Crimson. “I
think it’s kind of silly that it would take the University a couple
of years to get around to it. I can do it better than they can, and
I can do it in a week.”"When Mark finished the site, he told a
couple of friends. And then one of them suggested putting it on the
Kirkland House online mailing list, which was, like, three hundred
people," according to roommate Dustin
. "And, once they did that, several dozen people
joined, and then they were telling people at the other houses. By
the end of the night, we were, like, actively watching the
registration process. Within twenty-four hours, we had somewhere
between twelve hundred and fifteen hundred registrants."
was initially restricted to students of Harvard College, and within the first month, more than half the
undergraduate population at Harvard
was registered on the service. Eduardo Saverin
(business aspects), Dustin Moskovitz
McCollum (graphic artist), and Chris Hughes
soon joined Zuckerberg
to help promote the website. In March 2004, Facebook expanded to Stanford, Columbia, and
expansion continued when it opened to all Ivy
and Boston area schools, and gradually most universities
in Canada and the United States. Facebook incorporated in the
summer of 2004 and the entrepreneur Sean
, who had been informally advising Zuckerberg, became the
company's president. In June 2004, Facebook moved its base of
operations to Palo
The company dropped The
name after purchasing the domain name
facebook.com in 2005 for $200,000.
Facebook launched a high school version in September 2005, which
Zuckerberg called the next logical step. At that time, high school
networks required an invitation to join. Facebook later
expanded membership eligibility to employees of several companies,
Inc. and Microsoft.
Facebook was then opened on September 26, 2006 to everyone of ages
13 and older with a valid e-mail
. In October 2008, Facebook announced that it was to set
up its international headquarters in Dublin, Ireland.
Another view of Facebook's current
Facebook received its first investment of US$
500,000 in June 2004 from PayPal
. This was followed a year later by $12.7 million in
from Accel Partners
, and then $27.5 million
more from Greylock
Partners. A leaked
cash flow statement
during the 2005 fiscal year
had a net loss of $3.63 million.
With the sale of social networking
to News Corp
on July 19, 2005, rumors surfaced
about the possible sale of Facebook to a larger media company.
Zuckerberg had already said he did not want to sell the company,
and denied rumors to the contrary. On March 28, 2006, BusinessWeek
reported that a potential
acquisition of Facebook was under negotiation. Facebook reportedly
declined an offer of $750 million from an unknown bidder, and
it was rumored the asking price rose as high as
In September 2006, serious talks between Facebook and Yahoo!
took place concerning acquisition of Facebook,
with prices reaching as high as $1 billion. Thiel, by then a
board member of Facebook, indicated that Facebook's internal
valuation was around $8 billion based on their projected
revenues of $1 billion by 2015, comparable to Viacom's
brand, a company with a shared target
On July 17, 2007, Zuckerberg said that selling Facebook was
unlikely because he wanted to keep it independent, saying "We're
not really looking to sell the company... We're not looking to
anytime soon. It's just
not the core focus of the company."
In September 2007, Microsoft approached Facebook, proposing an
investment in return for a 5% stake in the company, offering an
estimated $300–500 million. That month, other companies,
, expressed interest in
buying a portion of Facebook.
On October 24, 2007 Microsoft announced that it had purchased a
1.6% share of Facebook for $240 million, giving Facebook a
total implied value of around $15 billion. However, Microsoft
bought preferred stock that carried special rights, such as
"liquidation preferences" that meant Microsoft would get paid
before common stockholders if the company is sold. Microsoft's
purchase also included rights to place international ads on
November 2007, Hong
Kong billionaire Li Ka-shing
invested $60 million in Facebook.
In August 2008, BusinessWeek
reported that private sales by employees, as well as purchases by
venture capital firms, had and were being done at share prices that
put the company's total valuation at between $3.75 billion and $5
In October 2008, Zuckerberg said "I don't think social networks can
be monetized in the same way that search did... In three years from
now we have to figure out what the optimum model is. But that is
not our primary focus today."
In August 2009 Facebook acquired social
real-time news aggregator
, a startup created by the
employee and Gmail
's first engineer Paul
who, while at Google, coined the phrase "Don't be evil
In September 2009, Facebook claimed that it had turned cash flow
positive for the first time.
Users can join and create up to 200 groups according to their
interests or areas of expertise. It will appear in the search
results of Facebook if the group is on public. Users can choose fan
pages according to their interests to connect and interact with
other strangers. Users can set their profiles on private so as to
prevent acquaintances from contacting them. Users can also set
their profiles on public. This allows close friends to send
messages and add the user as a friend. It lets users update their
personal profiles to notify their close friends about themselves.
They can also join networks organized by city, workplace, school,
and region to connect and interact with their close friends. Public
profiles also allow any stranger or acquaintance to contact the
user which results in lack of privacy. Public profiles can be
blocked by any user but private profiles cannot.
The website is free to users and generates revenue from advertising
including banner ads
. Users can create
profiles including photos and lists of personal interests, exchange
private or public messages, and join groups of friends. By default,
the viewing of detailed profile data is restricted to users from
the same network and "reasonable community limitations".
Microsoft is Facebook's exclusive partner for serving banner advertising
, and as such Facebook only
serves advertisements that exist in Microsoft's advertisement inventory
. According to
, an internet marketing research
collects as much data from its visitors as Google and Microsoft,
but considerably less than Yahoo!
Image:Original-facebook.jpg|(The) Facebook profile circa
2004–2005.Image:Facebookzuckerberg.png|Facebook profile circa
2006.Image:Facebook2007.jpg|Facebook profile circa
2007.Image:Facebook-lite.png|Facebook Lite circa 2009.
In August 2009, Facebook announced the rollout of a "lite
" version of the site, optimized for users on
slower or intermittent internet connections. Facebook Lite offered
fewer services, excluded most third-party applications and required
less bandwidth. A beta version of the slimmed-down interface
was released first to invited testers, before a broader rollout
across users in the USA, Canada, and
The media often compare Facebook to MySpace
but one significant difference between the two websites is the
level of customization. MySpace allows users to decorate their
profiles using HTML
and Cascading Style Sheets
Facebook only allows plain text
Facebook has a number of features with which users may interact.
They include the Wall
space on every user's profile page that allows friends to post
messages for the user to see; Pokes
, which allows users to send a
virtual "poke" to each other (a notification then tells a user that
they have been poked); Photos
, where users can upload
albums and photos; and Status
, which allows users to
inform their friends of their whereabouts and actions. A user's
Wall is visible to anyone who is able to see that user's profile,
depending on privacy settings. In July 2007, Facebook began
allowing users to post attachments to the Wall, whereas the Wall
was previously limited to textual content only.
Over time, Facebook has added several new features to its website.
On September 6, 2006, a News
was announced, which appears on every user's homepage and
highlights information including profile changes, upcoming events,
and birthdays of the user's friends. Initially, the News Feed
caused dissatisfaction among Facebook users; some complained it was
too cluttered and full of undesired information, while others were
concerned it made it too easy for other people to track down
individual activities (such as changes in relationship status,
events, and conversations with other users). In response to this
dissatisfaction, Zuckerberg issued an apology for the site's
failure to include appropriate customizable privacy features. Since
then, users have been able to control what types of information are
shared automatically with friends. Users are now able to prevent
friends from seeing updates about certain types of activities,
including profile changes, Wall posts, and newly added
One of the most popular applications on Facebook is the Photos
application, where users can
upload albums and photos. Facebook allows users to upload an
unlimited number of photos, compared with other image hosting services
, which apply limits to the number of photos
that a user is allowed to upload. In the past, all users were
limited to 60 photos per album. However, some users report
that they are able to create albums with a new limit of 200 photos.
It remains unclear why some members have a 200-photo limit while
others do not. Privacy settings can be set for individual albums,
limiting the groups of users that can see an album. For example,
the privacy of an album can be set so that only the user's friends
can see the album, while the privacy of another album can be set so
that all Facebook users can see it. Another feature of the Photos
applications is the ability to "tag
or label users in a photo. For instance, if a photo contains a
user's friend, then the user can tag the friend in the photo. This
sends a notification to the friend that they have been tagged, and
provides them a link to see the photo.
Facebook Notes was introduced on August 22, 2006, a blogging
feature that allowed tags and embeddable images. Users were later
able to import blogs from Xanga
, and other blogging services.
During the week of April 7, 2008, Facebook released a Comet
-based instant messaging
"Chat" to several networks, which allows users to communicate with
friends and is similar in functionality to desktop-based instant messengers
Facebook launched Gifts
February 8, 2007, which allows users to send virtual gifts to their
friends that appear on the recipient's profile. Gifts cost $1.00
each to purchase, and a personalized message can be attached to
each gift. On May 14, 2007, Facebook launched Marketplace
, which lets users
post free classified ads. Marketplace has been compared to Craigslist
points out that the major difference between the two is that
listings posted by a user on Marketplace are only seen by users
that are in the same network as that user, whereas listings posted
on Craigslist can be seen by anyone.
On July 20, 2008, Facebook introduced "Facebook Beta", a
significant redesign of its user interface on selected networks.
The Mini-Feed and Wall were consolidated, profiles were separated
into tabbed sections, and an effort was made to create a "cleaner"
look. After initially giving users a choice to switch, Facebook
began migrating all users to the new version beginning September,
On December 11, 2008, it was announced that Facebook is testing out
a new simpler signup process. On June 13, 2009, Facebook introduced
a 'usernames' feature, whereby pages can be linked with simpler
, as opposed to
Facebook launched the Facebook Platform on May 24, 2007, providing
for software developers
to create applications
that interact with core
Facebook features. A markup language called Facebook Markup
was introduced simultaneously; it is used to customize
the "look and feel" of applications that developers create. Using
the Platform, Facebook launched several new applications, including
Gifts, allowing users to send virtual gifts to each other, Marketplace
, allowing users to
post free classified ads, Events
, giving users a method of
informing their friends about upcoming events, and Video
, letting users share homemade
videos with one another.
Applications that have been created on the Platform include
which both allow users to play games with their friends. In these
games, a user's moves are saved on the website, allowing the next
move to be made at any time rather than immediately after the
By November 3, 2007, seven thousand applications had been developed
on the Facebook Platform, with another hundred created every day.
By the second annual f8 developers conference on July 23, 2008, the
number of applications had grown to 33,000, and the number of
registered developers had exceeded 400,000.
Within a few months of launching the Facebook Platform, issues
arose regarding "application spam
", which involves Facebook
applications "spamming" users to request it be installed.
Application spam has been considered one of the possible causes to
the drop in visitors to Facebook starting from the beginning of
2008, when its growth had fallen from December 2007 to January
2008, its first drop since its launch in 2004.
Facebook Connect was announced for the Xbox
and Nintendo DSi
on June 1 at
The Facebook iPhone website was launched August 2007 and as of July
2008 over 1.5 million people use it regularly. A free application
for the iPhone
named "Facebook for iPhone" was launched July 2008.
Version 2.0 of this app was released in September 2008 and featured
improved services such as being able to respond to friend requests
and notifications. Version 3.0 was released in August 2009 and
added features such as events, and uploading video with a iPhone 3GS
Facebook on other devices
Many new smartphones
offer access to the
Facebook services either through their web-browsers or
offers a facebook app on
its Ovi Store
for Nokia S60 devices such
as the N97 and contains most of the functionality of the full
not as yet have an official Facebook application due to apparent
disputes between the two companies. However, "wrapper" applications
such as fBook were introduced, although these ran as an enhanced
version of the mobile website. Eventually, some third party
applications such as Bloo and Blabber were created. These supported
Facebook natively using the Facebook API.
also offer a Facebook application for their BlackBerry
device range. It offers a range of
functions, including an ability to integrate Facebook events into
the BlackBerry calendar, and using Facebook profile pictures for
Downtime and outages
Facebook has had a number of outages and downtime large enough to
draw some media attention. A 2007 outage resulted in a security
hole that enabled some users to read other users' personal mail. In
2008, the site was inaccessible for about a day, from many
locations in many countries. In spite of these occurrences, a
report issued by Pingdom
found that Facebook
had less downtime in 2008 than most social networking websites. On
September 16, 2009, Facebook started having major problems with
loading when people signed in. On September 18, 2009, Facebook went
down for the second time in 2009, the first time being when a group
of hackers were deliberately trying to drown out a political
speaker who had social networking problems from continuously
speaking against the Iranian election results. In October 2009, an
unspecified number of Facebook users were unable to access their
accounts for over three weeks.
According to comScore
, Facebook is the
leading social networking site based on monthly unique visitors,
having overtaken main competitor MySpace in April 2008. ComScore
reports that Facebook attracted 132.1 million unique visitors in
June 2008, compared to MySpace, which attracted 117.6
According to Alexa
, the website's
ranking among all websites increased from 60th to 7th in terms of
worldwide traffic, from September 2006 to September 2007, and is
currently 2nd. Quantcast
ranks the website
4th in the U.S. in terms of traffic, and Compete.com
ranks it 2nd in the U.S. The website
is the most popular for uploading photos, with 14 million
is the most popular social networking site in several English-speaking
countries, including Canada the United Kingdom, and the
The website has won awards such as
placement into the "Top 100 Classic Websites" by PC Magazine
in 2007, and winning the
"People's Voice Award" from the Webby
in 2008. In a 2006 study conducted by Student
Monitor, a New
Jersey-based company specializing in research concerning
the college student market, Facebook was named the second most
popular thing among undergraduates, tied with beer and only ranked lower than the iPod.
By 2005, the use of Facebook had already become so ubiquitous that
the generic verb "facebooking" had come into use to describe the
process of browsing others' profiles or updating one's own.
Use by courts
December 2008, the Supreme Court of the Australian Capital
Territory ruled that Facebook is a valid protocol to serve court notices to
It is believed to be the world's first legal
judgement that defines a summons
Facebook as legally binding.
In March 2009, the New Zealand High Court associate justice David
Glendall allowed for the serving of legal papers on Craig Axe by
the company Axe Market Garden via Facebook.
Facebook has met with some controversy over the past few
Children under 13
Facebook does not actively enforce the age limit resulting in
children under the age of 13 to use it. It has raised concerns in
regard to the safety of children.
First local cases
October 2005, the University of New Mexico blocked access to Facebook from its campus
computers and networks.
It cited a violation of the
university's Acceptable Use
for abusing computer resources as the reason, stating
the website forces use of the university's credentials for activity
not related to the university. The school later unblocked Facebook
after the website rectified the situation by displaying a notice on
the login page stating the credentials used on the website are
separate from the ones used for their school accounts. The Ontario government
also blocked access
to Facebook for its employees in May 2007, stating the website was
"not directly related to the workplace".
January 1, 2008, a memorial group on Facebook posted the identity
of murdered Toronto teenager Stefanie Rengel, whose family had not yet
given the Toronto Police
Service their consent to release her name to the media, as well
as the identities of her accused killers (Melissa Todorovic and
D.B.) — despite the fact that under Canada's Youth Criminal Justice Act, it is
illegal to publish the name of an underage criminal.
police and Facebook staff attempted to comply with the privacy
regulations by deleting posts mentioning her name, they noted it
was difficult to effectively police individual users who repeatedly
republished the deleted information.
Banned by governments
the open nature of Facebook, several countries have banned access
to it including Syria, China, Iran and Vietnam.
Africa and Middle East
The Syrian government cited the ban was on the premise that the
website promoted attacks on authorities. The government also feared
Israeli infiltration of Syrian social networks on Facebook.
Facebook was also used by Syrian citizens to criticize the
government, and public criticism of the Syrian government is
punishable by imprisonment.
February 5, 2008, Fouad Mourtada, a
citizen of Morocco, was arrested for the alleged creation of a faked
Facebook profile of Prince Moulay Rachid of
During the 2009 election in
, the website was banned because of fears that opposition
movements were being organized on the website; although access has
since been reinstated.
In China, Facebook was blocked
following the July 2009
. Huanqi.com had asserted that "Xinjiang Independence
activists were using Facebook as part of their communications
In Vietnam, an unauthenticated document supposedly issued by the
dating August 27, 2009 instructing ISPs to
block Facebook sparked shutdown fears. Access to Facebook became
intermittent in mid-November and major ISPs were swamped by
complaints. Some technicians confirmed being ordered by the
government to block access to Facebook while government officials
Facebook announced Facebook Beacon
on November 7, 2007, a marketing initiative that allows websites to
publish a user's activities to their Facebook profile as "Social
Ads" and promote products. When launching Beacon, Facebook stated
"no personally identifiable information is shared with an
advertiser in creating a Social Ad", and that "Facebook users will
only see Social Ads to the extent their friends are sharing
information with them." After Facebook was criticized for
collecting more user information for advertisers than was
previously stated, Zuckerberg publicly apologized on December 5,
2007 for the way Facebook launched Beacon, saying, "The problem
with our initial approach of making it an opt-out system instead of
opt-in was that if someone forgot to decline to share something,
Beacon still went ahead and shared it with their friends."
Several concerns have emerged regarding the use of Facebook as a
means of surveillance and data mining
MIT students were able to download over
70,000 Facebook profiles from four schools (MIT, New York
University, the University of Oklahoma, and Harvard University) using an automated shell
script, as part of a research project on Facebook privacy
published on December 14, 2005.
The possibility of data
mining remains open, as evidenced in May 2008, when the BBC
technology program "Click
" demonstrated that personal details
of Facebook users and their friends could be stolen by submitting
Privacy proponents have criticized the site's privacy agreement,
which states: "We may use information about you that we collect
from other sources, including but not limited to newspapers and
Internet sources such as blogs, instant messaging services,
Facebook Platform developers and other users of Facebook, to
supplement your profile." Another clause that received criticism
concerned Facebook's right to sell a user's data to private
companies, stating: "We may share your information with third
parties, including responsible companies with which we have a
relationship." This concern was addressed by Facebook spokesman
"Simply put, we have never provided our users' information to third
party companies, nor do we intend to."
Concerns have also been raised regarding the difficulty of deleting
user accounts. Previously, Facebook only allowed users to
"deactivate" their accounts so that their profile was no longer
visible. However, any information the user had entered into the
website and on their profile remained on the website's servers
. This outraged many users who
wished to remove their accounts permanently, citing reasons such as
the inability to erase "embarrassing or overly-personal online
profiles from their student days as they entered the job market,
for fear employers would locate the profiles". Facebook changed its
account deletion policies on February 29, 2008, allowing users to
contact the website to request that their accounts be permanently
deleted. On May 7, 2009 it was revealed by the New York Times
that a bug allowed personal
e-mail addresses of Facebook users to be easily accessible. The bug
was fixed "within hours of it being reported to us."
In July 2009 it came to light that there are concerns by the
that Facebook is breaching several Canadian privacy
laws by not deleting a user's information when their account is
deactivated and by giving "confusing or incomplete" information to
subscribers. Facebook's Chief Privacy Officer Chris Kelly
was quoted as saying
that "[Facebook] was working with the commission to resolve the
issues". The CPC have given Facebook 30 days before they make a
further review and recommendations. If Facebook do not comply with
the Canadian statutes, it is possible that the issue could be taken
to the federal courts.
Teen suicide and relationships
Roman Catholic Archbishop of Westminster Vincent Nichols
, England's top Catholic
bishop, placed a warning that Facebook and other social networking
sites may lead teens to commit suicide
Nichols warned that social networking sites can damage intimate relationships
teenagers without strong social
Pro-mafia groups' case
Italy, the discovery of pro-mafia
groups caused an alert in the country and brought the government,
after a short debate, to rapidly issue a law which will force
ISPs to deny access to entire sites in case of
refused removal of illegal contents; the removal can be requested
by a prosecutor in any case there is a
suspicion that criminal speech
(apology or incitement to crime) is published on a website.
was passed by the Senate on February 5, 2008, and now needs to be
passed unchanged by the Chamber of Deputies to become immediately
Facebook and other websites, Google
criticized the amendment emphasizing the eventual effects on the
freedom of speech
of those users
who do not violate any law.
2009, Facebook users all over the world suffered a massive phishing campaign, launched by Russian hackers from servers in Latvia and China, that led to
thousands of accounts being hijacked.
criticized for its late reaction to this issue and the fact that
initially it merely tried to block the attack, rather than
notifying users of the situation.
Holocaust denial groups
, an activist group fighting Antisemitism
, has criticized Facebook for
condoning and hosting Holocaust
groups on its network, which are in violation of
Facebook TOS. David Appletree, the founder of JIDF states,
“Holocaust denial is hate speech and Antisemitism.”
Prominent technology bloggers are also joining in to criticize
Facebook. Brian Cuban, the brother of Mark
, the owner of Dallas
, in his blog post says, “Holocaust denial is
repulsive and ignorant” and calling Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg
to remove the groups.
CEO Michael Arrington
says that Facebook’s
stubbornness on not removing the groups is wrong and
In April 2009, two Austin graphic designers created Lamebook
which is a blog where Facebook users can
submit funny entries from the social networking site. The site
averages about a million hits a day.
In 2004 ConnectU, a company founded by classmates of Zuckerberg,
filed a lawsuit against Facebook, claiming that Zuckerberg had
broken an oral contract
for them to
build the Facebook site, copied their idea, and used source code
that belonged to them. The parties
reached a confidential settlement agreement in February 2008. In
2008 they attempted unsuccessfully to rescind the settlement,
claiming that Facebook had understated its valuation in connection
with its settlement negotiations. Despite the confidentiality
agreement, a law firm that represented ConnectU inadvertently
disclosed the $65 million settlement amount.
On , Facebook sued StudiVZ
in a California
federal court, alleging that StudiVZ copied its look, feel,
features and services. StudiVZ denied the claims, and asked for
declaratory judgment at the
District Court in Stuttgart, Germany.
On , a settlement was reached resulting in
StudiVZ paying an undisclosed sum to Facebook and both companies
continuing business as usual.
On July 24, 2008 the High Court in London ordered Grant Raphael to
pay GBP £22,000 (about USD $43,700 at the then-current exchange
rate) for breach of privacy and libel. Raphael had posted a fake
Facebook page purporting to be that of a former schoolfriend and
business colleague, Mathew Firsht, with whom Raphael had fallen out
in 2000. The fake page claimed that Firsht was homosexual and
untrustworthy. The case is believed to be the first successful
invasion of privacy
verdict against someone over an entry
on a social networking site.
won a lawsuit against Canadian Adam Guerbuez, of Montreal, worth $873 million.
Guerbuez had spammed
the website with various advertisements including penis enhancements
. Guerbuez founded Atlantis Blue
Alessandro Del Piero
On February 9, 2009 it was reported that Juventus football
player Alessandro Del Piero
was suing Facebook
over a fake profile bearing his name that links to Nazi propaganda
Italian footballer was said to be aggrieved that the bogus account,
which carries his picture, implies neo-Nazi sympathies. Del Piero
stated he's never had a Facebook profile.
On the 29th of September 2009, Jack Thompson filed a law suit for
$40 million against Facebook at U.S. District Court for the
Southern District of Florida. He said that the social networking
site had harmed him by not removing angry postings made by Facebook
users. He said that several groups caused him great harm and
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