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West Texas Street in Downtown
Fairfield is a city located in the northeastern portion of the San Francisco Bay Areamarker in Northern California, USAmarker (See East Bay and North Bay). It is approximately from both the city of San Franciscomarker and the city of Sacramentomarker, approximately from Oaklandmarker, less than from Napa Valley , 18 miles from the Carquinez Bridge, and 15 miles from the Benicia Bridge. Fairfield wasfounded in 1859 by clippership captain Robert H. Waterman, and named after his former hometown of Fairfield, Connecticutmarker.It is the home of Travis Air Force Basemarker and the Jelly Belly jelly bean factory, and has a population of almost 107,000; slightly less than Vallejomarker, which is the Bay Area's ninth-largest city. It shares a border with its sister city, Suisun Citymarker.Other nearby cities includeVacavillemarker, Beniciamarker, Napamarker and Vallejomarker. Fairfield is the county seat of Solano Countymarker.

Geography

Fairfield is located at 38°15'28" North, 122°3'15" West (38.257763, -122.054256).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38.7 square miles (102.623 km²), of which, 37.7 square miles (98.5 km²) of it is land and 3.04 square miles (3.1 km²) of it is water. The total area is 5.95% water.

The city is located within the California Coastal Ranges of the San Francisco Bay Area. The city is centered directly north of the Suisun Bay and northeast of the San Pablo Baymarker. Much of the Suisun Bay contains the Suisun Marshmarker, the largest saltwater marsh on the west coast of the United States. The Sacramento Valley lies east of Fairfield.

History

The history of Fairfield stretches back five to six thousand years. That is the age of artifacts of native people which have been excavated here. The first European contact came in 1810 when the Spanish army was ordered to attack the Suisin Indians. In 1835 the Mexican General Vallejo was so magnanimous in victory over the Indian Chief Sem Yeto that the chief later became his ally in conflicts against other tribes. In 1837 the Indian Chief Solano received the Rancho Suisunmarker Mexican land grant. This grant eventually came into the hands of a clipper ship captain from Connecticut named Robert H. Waterman. He not only parceled out the town in 1856, but also, in a commercially shrewd move, arranged to have the county seat moved here in 1858 from Beniciamarker. As an inducement he granted of land for the construction of county buildings. In 1903 Fairfield was incorporated as a city.

Councilman Matt Garcia

On September 1, 2008, Fairfield city Councilman Matt Garcia was shot and killed in Cordelia, an adjacent unincorporated area. Investigation revealed it was a case of mistaken identity. Two were caught and arrested within city limits, but a third suspect fled to Las Vegas where he was later arrested.

Garcia was a graduate of Armijo High Schoolmarker and was the youngest councilman in Fairfield history at age 22. He spoke for the youth and had a major impact on the community. A local youth center was built in Garcia's honor and opened in November 2008.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there are 106,521 people, 33,494 households, and 24,016 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,782 people per square mile. The racial makeup of the city is 46.54% White, 19.08% Black or African American, 0.73% Native American, 12.53% Asian, 0.93% Pacific Islander, 8.77% from other races, and 7.41% from two or more races. 24.48% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 33,494 households out of which 43.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% are married couples living together, 14.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 22.2% are non-families. 17.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 5.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.98 and the average family size is 3.33.

In the city the population is spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 31 years. For every 100 females there are 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 97.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $49,151, and the median income for a family is $52,503. Males have a median income of $35,544 versus $27,616 for females. The per capita income for the city is $18,617. 13.1% of the population and 8.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 14.1% of those under the age of 18 and 7.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Industry and major employers

Fairfield has a diversified economy, with government, manufacturing, health care, retail, professional and commercial construction sectors. Anheuser-Buschmarker operates a large Budweiser brewery facility, Clorox produces bleach products here and the Jelly Belly Candy Company confects its specialty jelly beans here.



Schools

Fairfield's public schools belong to the Fairfield-Suisun Unified School District; (FSUSD) and the Travis Unified School District; (TAFBUSD).

Area High Schools



Area Middle Schools (FSUSD)



(Some middle schools will be closed)

  • Sem Yeto Continuation School and Mary Bird Community Day School are part of the FSUSD. Vanden High School is part of the TUSD, and is located near Travis Air Force Base. All others are part of the FSUSD.


Universities nearby include California Maritime Academymarker, UC Davismarker, UC Berkeleymarker, Sacramento Statemarker, CSU East Baymarker, Sonoma Statemarker, Trinity College of Massage, St. Mary's College, University of Phoenix, and Chapman University. The main campus of Solano Community Collegemarker is located in Fairfield.

Recreation



Parks

  • Rockville Hills Regional Park
    • The Park is located on Rockville Road approximately 3/4 of a mile from the corner of Suisun Valley and Rockville Roads. Allows bicycling, hiking, and provides walking trails.
  • Fairfield Linear Park
    • The Linear Park stretches through the city along a former railroad right-of-way. Picnic tables and play equipment can be found along the route. Runners, walkers and bicyclists enjoy this park.
  • Alan Witt Park
    • Contains the Fairfield Sports Center and City of Fairfield Rotary Skate Park. The park offers tennis courts, a recreation building, picnic area, ball fields, basketball courts, volleyball courts and horseshoe pits. Restroom facilities are available.


Golf courses

  • Fairfield is home to three golf courses, two public and one private. Paradise Valley and Rancho Solano Golf Courses, both public, are rated in the Zagat Survey of “America’s Best Golf Courses,” rated 3 ½ stars by Golf Digest Magazine in 2004 and voted #1 & #2 golf courses in Solano County for consecutive years.


Sister Cities



Notable residents

People who live or have lived in Fairfield.



References

  1. Vallejo mayor's race in dead heat
  2. Fairfield balances on the edge as housing prices plunge
  3. Chapman University Fairfield Campus


External links



  • Fairfield-Suisun Chamber of Commerce http://www.ffsc-chamber.com/



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