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Farnworth is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Boltonmarker in Greater Manchestermarker, England. It is located southeast of Boltonmarker and northwest of Manchestermarker.

Historically a part of Lancashiremarker, Farnworth lies on the River Irwell and the River Croal, and according to the United Kingdom Census 2001 it has a population of 25,264 people.

History

Farnworth's earliest recorded name is "Ffornword" (from a land survey in 1282). The town grew up in the 18th and 19th centuries around the coal mining industry. Other industry included iron foundries and cotton mills.

Governance

Local Government

During the Middle Ages, Farnworth constituted a township (and chapelry) within the Parish of Deanemarker. In 1863, a Local board of health was established for the township, and in 1866, it also became a separate civil parish. In 1899, under the Local Government Act 1894, Farnworth became a Urban District. In 1939, the district was granted by a charter to become the Municipal Borough of Farnworthmarker. In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, Farnworth became an unparished area of the Metropolitan Borough of Boltonmarker in Greater Manchestermarker.

Parliamentary representation

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the Radcliffe-cum-Farnworth constituency was established with one Member of Parliament (MP). The constituency was abolished in 1918 with Radcliffe becoming part of the Heywood and Radcliffe constituency, and Farnworth having its own Parliament constituency. The Farnworth constituency continued until it was abolished in 1983 and became part of the Bolton South East constituencymarker.

Demography

Population of the chapelry/civil parish of Farnworth
Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population
1,439
1,798
2,044
2,928
4,829
6,389
8,720
13,550
20,708
23,758
Sources: (a) Pauline Tatton: Local population statistics. (b) Vision of Britain: Farnworth Ch/CP Total Population. (c) Vision of Britain: Farnworth USD Total Population.


Population of the urban district/municipal borough of Farnworth
Year 1901 1911 1921 1931 1939* 1951 1961 1971
Population
25,925
28,131
27,894
28,717
27,376
28,616
27,502
26,855
Source: Vision of Britain: Farnworth UD/MB Total population.


* The 1939 population is estimated from the National Registration figures. The 1941 census did not take place because of the Second World War.

Transport

Roads

Farnworth is situated north of junctions 3 and 4 of the M61 motorway. The main roads run through the town are the A666 (Farnworth & Kearsley By-Pass), the A575 (Egerton St/Albert Rd/Worsley Rd), the A5082 (Buckley Rd/Long Causeway), the A6053 (Bolton Rd/Market St/Manchester Rd), and the B6199 (Plodder Lane).

Railways

Farnworth railway stationmarker is served by Northern Rail who operate services on the Manchester to Preston Line.

Education

Farnworth has nine primary schools and three secondary schools. Harper Green School is home to the Alan Ball Sports Hall, as well as the Peter Kay Theatre. In 2006, Peter Kay filmed a music video at Harper Green with the Scottish band Texas.
School Type/Status OfSTED Website
All Saints C of E Primary School Primary
St. Peters C of E Primary School Primary website
Cherry Tree Primary School Primary website
Highfield Primary School Primary website
Our Lady of Lourdes RC Primary School Primary
Plodder Lane Primary School Primary website
Queensbridge Primary School Primary website
St Gregory's RC Primary School Primary website
St James C of E Primary School Primary
Harper Green School Secondary website
Mount St Joseph Business & Enterprise College Secondary website
St James's C of E School and Sports Collegemarker Secondary website


Sports

Farnworth Football Club is a youth team and is divided into seven sections - U7's Jaguars, U8's Pumas, U9's Lynx, U15's, U16's Lions, U17's Panthers, and U18's. This season (2007/2008) the club is playing its home games at Darley Park Football Pitch, with winter training taking place at Harper Green School.

Farnworth Cricket club, which was founded in 1870, play their home games at Bridgeman Park in Farnworth. They participate in the Bolton Cricket League, as do Farnworth Social Circle.

Community facilities

Farnworth Library
St John the Evangelist Parish Church
Farnworth has a market and a theatre (Farnworth Little Theatre) and is also known for its underground canals, running from the mines to Worsleymarker. A leisure centre is located on the main street. The A666 by-passes the town and there is a very large and popular park close to the town centre, locally known as "Farnworth Park," which has recently undergone a major redevelopment of the childrens play equipment located on the park as part of Bolton Council's Children's Strategy. A shopping centre has recently closed down in the south of the town, and is due to be developed into luxury apartments.

There have been many redevelopments in the past few years, including renovation of most major roads, new housing developments and even a new shopping promenade on the town's main pedestrian district in late 2005/early 2006.

Farnworth is home to St. Gregory's Catholic Club, the club used to film television comedy Phoenix Nights.

The Royal Bolton Hospitalmarker (formerly Fishpool Institution and then Townleys Hospital) is found in Farnworth.

The parish church of St John the Evangelist was consecrated in 1826.

Notable people



References

  1. Census 2001, Key Statistics for urban areas England and Wales. URL accessed 18 June 2007.
  2. Links in a Chain - Farnworth. URL accessed 12 May 2008.
  3. Farnworth civil parish. Vision of Britain. URL accessed 12 May 2008.
  4. Links in a Chain - Farnworth. URL accessed 12 May 2008.
  5. Farnworth UD/MB: Historical Boundaries. Vision of Britain. URL accessed 26 February 2008.
  6. Links in a Chain - Farnworth. URL accessed 12 May 2008.
  7. URL accessed 19 May 2008.
  8. Pauline Tatton, Local population statistics 1801-1986, Bolton Central Library Archives, Le Mans Crescent, Bolton, BL1 1SE.
  9. Farnworth Ch/CP: Total Population. URL accessed 23 February 2008.
  10. Farnworth USD: Total Population. URL accessed 23 February 2008.
  11. Vision of Britain - Farnworth UD: Total Population
  12. National Registration Act, 1939. Rootsweb.com. URL accessed 8 June 2007.
  13. Harper Green School. URL accessed 22 February 2008.
  14. School in tribute to comedian. Bolton Evening News, first published 30 June 2006.
  15. School in tribute to comedian. Bolton Evening News, first published 30 June 2006.
  16. Farnworth F.C.. URL accessed 24 February 2008.


External links




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