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Fauquier ( ) is a county located in the United Statesmarker Commonwealth of Virginiamarker. As of the 2000 national census, the county's population was 55,139. Fauquier County's county seat is Warrentonmarker , and the county is a part of the Washington Metropolitan Area.


The original inhabitants, the Siouan Manahoac tribe, were subdued and driven off around 1670 by the Iroquois (Seneca), who did not resettle the area. The Conoy camped briefly near The Plains, from 1697 to 1699. The Six Nations ceded the entire region including modern Fauquier to Virginia Colony at the Treaty of Albany, in 1722.

Fauquier County was established on May 1, 1759, from Prince William Countymarker. It is named for Francis Fauquier, Lieutenant Governor of Virginia at the time, who won the land in a poker game, according to legend.


Elementary Schools

  • C. M. Bradley Elementary School
  • James G. Brumfield Elementary School
  • W. G. Coleman Elementary School
  • Grace Miller Elementary School
  • H. M. Pearson Elementary School
  • C. Hunter Ritchie Elementary School
  • P. B. Smith Elementary School
  • Claude Thompson Elementary School
  • Mary Walter Elementary School
  • Greenville Elementary School
  • M. M. Pierce Elementary School

Middle Schools

  • Auburn Middle School
  • Cedar Lee Middle School
  • W. C. Taylor Middle School
  • Marshall Middle School
  • Warrenton Middle School

High Schools

Higher Education


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 651 square miles (1,687 km2), of which, 650 square miles (1,683 km2) of it is land and 2 square miles (4 km2) of it (0.26%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways


As of the census of 2000, there were 55,139 people, 19,842 households, and 15,139 families residing in the county. The population density was 85 people per square mile (33/km2). There were 21,046 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.39% White, 8.79% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.60% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. 2.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Typical Fauquier County landscape

By 2005 non-Hispanic whites were 84.5% of the population of the county. African-Americans were still 8.8% of the population. Native Americans were 0.3% while the Asians population was 1.1% of the county total. The Latino population had more than doubled as a percentage of the total population of the county to 4.4%.

In 2000 there were 19,842 households out of which 36.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.80% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.70% were non-families. 18.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $61,999, and the median income for a family was $69,507 (these figures had risen to $80,549 and $93,597 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $45,484 versus $31,738 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,757. About 3.70% of families and 5.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.70% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

The county is primarily rural and agricultural. There is some industry in Fauquier County, however the largest employer in the County is the county government and the hospital. As of the 2000 census, 47% of county residents that work have jobs that are outside the county.


Incorporated towns

Unincorporated communities

Notable residents

Public Schools

Elementary Schools
  • C. Hunter Ritchie Elementary
  • Claude Thompson Elementary
  • C.M. Bradley Elementary
  • Grace Miller Elementary
  • Greenville Elementary
  • H.M. Pearson Elementary
  • J.G. Brumfield Elementary
  • Mary Walter Elementary
  • M.M. Pierce Elementary
  • P.B. Smith Elementary
  • W.G. Coleman Elementary
Middle Schools
  • Auburn Middle
  • Cedar Lee Middle
  • Marshall Middle
  • Warrenton Middle
  • W.C. Taylor Middle
High Schools


External links

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