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Federal Ministry of Justice (Germany): Map

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The Federal Ministry of Justice ( or BMJ) is a federal ministry in Germanymarker.

Under the federal system of Germany, individual states are most responsible for the administration of justice and the application of penalties. The Federal Ministry of Justice devotes itself to creating and changing law in the classic core areas related to Constitutional law. The Ministry also analyzes the legality and constitutionality of laws prepared by other ministries.

The German Federal Court of Justicemarker, the German Patent and Trade Mark Officemarker (GPTO) (German: Deutsches Patent- und Markenamt (DPMA)), and Patent Court all fall under its scope.

It was founded on January 1, 1877, as the Imperial Justice Office (Reichsjustizamt). After Germany became a republic in 1919, it was raised to the rank of a federal ministry as the Reichsministerium der Justiz. The ministry was formally renamed the Bundesministerium der Justiz in 1949, although in several laws originally passed before 1949 (even if the laws had been changed later) it continued to be referred to as the Reichsministerium der Justiz until 2006.

The Federal Ministry of Justice in Berlin
Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger

List of ministers

State Secretaries for Justice, 1876–1918



Ministers of Justice, 1918–1945



Ministers of Justice of the Federal Republic of Germany (since 1949)



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