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Federal districts are a type of administrative division of a federation, under the direct control of the federal government.

United States

The seat of the U.S. federal government in Washingtonmarker is a federal district known as the District of Columbia. In addition, the U.S. government has several other kinds of "federal districts" which are not specifically related to a capital city:

Latin America

The term Distrito Federal, meaning "Federal District" in both the Spanish and Portuguese languages, is used to refer to:


In Malaysiamarker, the term Federal Territory (Malay: Wilayah Persekutuan) is used for the three territories governed directly by the federal government, namely Kuala Lumpurmarker (national capital), Putrajayamarker (federal government administrative centre) and Labuan Islandmarker (international offshore financial centre).


In Indiamarker, the term Union Territory is used for the six territories governed indirectly by the federal national government with its own Chief minister and governor of Delhimarker, others namely include - Andaman and Nicobar Islandsmarker, Chandigarhmarker, Dadra and Nagar Havelimarker, Daman and Diumarker, Lakshadweepmarker and Pondicherrymarker.


In Pakistanmarker, the term Federal Territory is used for the five zones and 12 union councils of Islamabad governed directly by the state government as Islamabad Capital Territorymarker.

Other uses

There are seven Federal districts of Russia, which function as an additional administrative layer between other subdivisions and the Russian Federationmarker as a whole. But these have nothing to do with the territory surrounding a capital city. However, there are also two cities of federal significance, established by the Constitution - Moscow and Saint Petersburg. Each city is treated as separate subject of federation, and has its own legislative body. Such status is based on certain special functions which these two cities have, including location of federal government and federal judicial institutions.

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