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Federal subjects of Russia: Map


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Russia is a federation that consists of 83 subjects. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Federal Assembly of Russia). However, they do differ in the degree of autonomy they enjoy. Autonomous okrugs, while federal subjects in their own right, are, at the same time, considered to be administrative divisions of other federal subjects (with Chukotka Autonomous Okrugmarker being the only exception).

Types of federal subjects of Russia

Each subject of the federation belongs to one of the following categories:
21 republics ( , sing. ; respubliki, sing. respublika)—nominally autonomous, each has its own constitution, president and parliament; is represented by the federal government in international affairs; and is meant to be home to a specific ethnic minority.
46 oblast (provinces) ( , sing. ; oblasti, sing. oblast)—most common, regular administrative units with federally appointed governor and locally elected legislature. Commonly named after the oblast center—the largest city in the oblast, its administrative center.
krai (territories) ( , sing. ; kraya, sing. krai or kray, the latter being less common)—essentially the same as oblasts. The title "territory" is historic, originally given because they were once considered frontier regions.
autonomous oblast (autonomous province) ( ; avtonomnaya oblast) (The Jewish Autonomous Oblastmarker)
autonomous okrugs (autonomous districts) ( , sing. ; avtonomnyye okruga, sing. avtonomny okrug)—more autonomous than oblasts but less than republics; usually with substantial or predominant ethnic minority.
federal cities (cities under direct jurisdiction of the Federation) ( , sing. ; goroda federalnogo znacheniya, sing. gorod federalnogo znacheniya)—major cities that function as separate regions.

List of federal subjects

The subjects have both numerical codes and two- or three-letter ISO 3166-2:RU codes. The numerical codes span from 01 to 89, although 6 of them are no longer in use after mergers.


Russia had more federal subjects, but some of the federal subjects were merged into larger territories starting in 2005. The merging process was finished on 1 March 2008. No new mergers have been planned since March 2008.
Original territories Date of referendum Date of merger Merger
1, 1a December 7, 2003 December 1, 2005 Perm Oblast (1) + Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug (1a) → Perm Krai
2, 2a, 2b April 17, 2005 January 1, 2007 Krasnoyarsk Kraimarker (2) + Evenk Autonomous Okrug (2a) + Taymyr Autonomous Okrugmarker (2b) → Krasnoyarsk Kraimarker
3, 3a October 23, 2005 July 1, 2007 Kamchatka Oblast (3) + Koryak Autonomous Okrugmarker (3a) → Kamchatka Kraimarker
4, 4a April 16, 2006 January 1, 2008 Irkutsk Oblastmarker (4) + Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug (4a) → Irkutsk Oblastmarker
5, 5a March 11, 2007 March 1, 2008 Chita Oblast (5) + Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug (5a) → Zabaykalsky Krai

Further proposals for mergers

Proposals Federal subjects Map
6, 6a Arkhangelsk Oblast + Nenets Autonomous Okrugmarker = Pomorsky Krai
7, 7a, 7b Khabarovsk Krai + Jewish Autonomous Oblastmarker + Amur Oblastmarker = Amur Kraimarker
8, 8a Magadan Oblast + Chukotka Autonomous Okrugmarker = Magadan Krai
9, 9a, 9b Irkutsk Oblastmarker + Buryatia Republic + Zabaykalsky Krai = Baikal Krai
10, 10a, 10b Tyumen Oblast + Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrugmarker + Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrugmarker = Tyumen Krai
11, 11a, 11b Novosibirsk Oblast + Omsk Oblastmarker + Tomsk Oblast = Novosibirsk Krai
12, 12a, 12b Kemerovo Oblast + Altai Republic + Altai Kraimarker = Altai Krai
13 Saint Petersburgmarker (federal city) + Leningrad Oblastmarker = Leningrad Oblast
14 Moscowmarker (federal city) + Moscow Oblastmarker = Moscow Oblast
15, 15a Yaroslavl Oblast + Kostroma Oblast = Yaroslav Krai
16, 16a Novgorod Oblast + Pskov Oblast = Novgorod Krai
17, 17a Krasnodar Krai + Adygea Republicmarker = Krasnodar Krai
18, 18a Ingushetia Republicmarker + Chechnya Republicmarker = Checheno-Ingushetiya
* Pomorsky + Murmansk Oblastmarker + Komi Republicmarker = ?

See also


  1. Конституция Российской Федерации, Статья 65 (Constitution of Russia, Article 65) . In 1993, when the constitution was adopted, there were 89 subjects listed. Some of them were later merged.

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