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The Federation of Malaya ( ), is the name given to a federation of 11 states that existed from 31 January 1948 until 16 September 1963. Comprising the nine Malay states and the Britishmarker settlementsmarker of Penangmarker and Malaccamarker, it was eventually superseded by Malaysiamarker.


From 1946 to 1948, the 11 states formed a single Britishmarker crown colony known as the Malayan Unionmarker. Due to opposition from Malay nationalists, the Union was disbanded and replaced by the Federation of Malaya, which restored the symbolic positions of the rulers of the Malay states.

Within the Federation, while the Malay states were protectorates of the United Kingdommarker, Penang and Malacca remained British colonial territories. Like the Malayan Union before it, the Federation did not include Singaporemarker, which before this time had usually been considered to be part of Malaya.

The Federation achieved independence within the Commonwealth of Nations on 31 August 1957. In 1963, the federation together with Singapore, Sarawakmarker and British North Borneo (which was renamed Sabahmarker), which is being claimed to be part of the Sultanate of Sulu, formed a new federation called Malaysia. Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent republic on 9 August 1965.


List of member states

See also

Federation of Malaya Population
Year Malay Chinese Indian Other
1948 2,457,014 1,928,965 536,646 64,802
1951 2,631,154 2,043,971 566,371 75,726
Source: Annual Report on the Federation of Malaya: 1951 in C.C. Chin and Karl Hack, Dialogues with Chin Peng pp. 380, 81.

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