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Festung Norwegen (Fortress Norway) was the German term for the heavy defense and fortification system of Norwaymarker during the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany in World War II. By some, including Reichskommissar Josef Terboven, it was thought that these fortifications would serve effectively as a last perimeter of defense of the Third Reich in the event of Allied victory on the continent.

Considered an essential part of the Atlantic Wall in anticipation of an Allied invasion, the fortifications in Norway were primarily based around coastal artillery, but also included elements of anti-aircraft batteries, and battle tanks and infantry forces. There were as many as 400,000 German troops in Norway during the occupation, a large proportion dedicated to the defense of the Northern flank of the Atlantic wall.

The scope of Festung Norwegen originally included the entire coastal perimeter of Norway, from the Oslofjordmarker around the southern coast and to the border with the Soviet Unionmarker. Part of the invasion plan for Norway included immediate deployment of German coastal artillerymen in Norwegian batteries, around the main cities of Hortenmarker, Kristiansandmarker, Stavangermarker, Bergenmarker, Trondheimmarker, and Narvikmarker.

An extensive network of coast artillery batteries with heavy (>15.5 cm), medium (12-15.5 cm) and light (<12&NBSP;CM) ordnance="" was="" set="" up="" around="" the="" entire="" coast.="" These="" were="" typically="" placed="" so="" as="" to="" cover="" approaches="" main="" population="" centers="" and="" likely="" landing="" sites.="" The="" batteries="" also="" generously="" equipped="" with="" close="" combat="" weapons,="" such="" machine="" guns="" small="" firearms.="" By="" end="" of="" war,="" there="" 221="" along="" coast,="" under="" either="" Kriegsmarine or Heer command. There were also anti-aircraft artillery (Marine Flak) batteries in Kristiansand, Bergen, Trondheim, Bogenmarker, and Harstadmarker; these were armed with 88-mm pieces. The tanks available for the German defence were Panzer IIIs (50 mm L60 and 75 mm L24) and Sturmgeschütz IIIs (75 mm L48).

Image:Festung Norwegen.jpg|Battery position at Ny-Hellesund, Vest-Agdermarker countyImage:Festung Norwegen Ny-Hellesund.jpg|Gun with track, Ny-HellesundImage:Ant-tank installations Brusand.jpg|Hitler-teeth; anti-tank barrier at Brusandmarker, Jæren


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