Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:
… while it was in recognition of work already done, it was at the same time intended to be an encouragement for further achievement on the part of the recipients and a stimulus to renewed effort on the part of others.
|1936||Oslo, Norway||Lars Ahlfors, Finland
Jesse Douglas, USA
|1950||Cambridge, United States||Laurent Schwartz, France
Atle Selberg, Norway
|1954||Amsterdam, The Netherlands||Kunihiko Kodaira, Japan
Jean-Pierre Serre, France
|1958||Edinburgh, United Kingdom||Klaus Roth, UK
René Thom, France
|1962||Stockholm, Sweden||Lars Hörmander, Sweden
John Milnor, USA
|1966||Moscow, Soviet Union||Michael Atiyah, UK
Paul Joseph Cohen, USA
Alexander Grothendieck, France
Stephen Smale, USA
|1970||Nice, France||Alan Baker, UK
Heisuke Hironaka, Japan
Sergei Novikov, Soviet Union
John G. Thompson, USA
|1974||Vancouver, Canada||Enrico Bombieri, Italy
David Mumford, UK
|1978||Helsinki, Finland||Pierre Deligne, Belgium
Charles Fefferman, USA
Grigory Margulis, Soviet Union
Daniel Quillen, USA
|1982||Warsaw, Poland||Alain Connes, France
William Thurston, USA
Shing-Tung Yau, China
|1986||Berkeley, United States||Simon Donaldson, UK
Gerd Faltings, Germany
Michael Freedman, USA
|1990||Kyoto, Japan||Vladimir Drinfel'd, Soviet
Vaughan F. R. Jones, New Zealand
Shigefumi Mori, Japan
Edward Witten, USA
|1994||Zürich, Switzerland||Jean Bourgain, Belgium
Pierre-Louis Lions, France
Jean-Christophe Yoccoz, France
Efim Zelmanov, Russia
|1998||Berlin, Germany||Richard Borcherds, UK
Timothy Gowers, UK
Maxim Kontsevich, Russia
Curtis T. McMullen, USA
|2002||Beijing, China||Laurent Lafforgue,
Vladimir Voevodsky, Russia
Andrei Okounkov, Russia, "for his contributions bridging probability, representation theory and algebraic geometry"
Grigori Perelman, Russia — Medal declined, "for his contributions to geometry and his revolutionary insights into the analytical and geometric structure of the Ricci flow"
Terence Tao, Australia, "for his contributions to partial differential equations, combinatorics, harmonic analysis and additive number theory"
Wendelin Werner, France, "for his contributions to the development of stochastic Loewner evolution, the geometry of two-dimensional Brownian motion, and conformal field theory"
I cannot but express my deep disappointment — no doubt shared by many people here — in the absence of Margulis from this ceremony. In view of the symbolic meaning of this city of Helsinki, I had indeed grounds to hope that I would have a chance at last to meet a mathematician whom I know only through his work and for whom I have the greatest respect and admiration.
In 1982, the congress was due to be held in Warsaw but had to be rescheduled to the next year, due to political instability. The awards were announced at the ninth General Assembly of the IMU earlier in the year and awarded at the 1983 Warsaw congress.
In 1990, Edward Witten became the first and so far only physicist to win this award.
In 1998, at the ICM, Andrew Wiles was presented by the chair of the Fields Medal Committee, Yuri I. Manin, with the first-ever IMU silver plaque in recognition of his proof of Fermat's Last Theorem. Don Zagier referred to the plaque as a "quantized Fields Medal". Accounts of this award frequently make reference that at the time of the award Wiles was over the age limit for the Fields medal. Although Wiles was slightly over the age limit in 1994, he was thought to be a favorite to win the medal; however, a gap (later resolved by Taylor and Wiles) in the proof was found in 1993.
In 2006, Grigori Perelman, credited with proving the Poincaré conjecture, refused his Fields Medal and did not attend the congress.
The medalThe medal was designed by Canadian sculptor R. Tait McKenzie.
- On the obverse is Archimedes and a quote attributed to him which reads in Latin: "Transire suum pectus mundoque potiri" (Rise above oneself and grasp the world).
- On the reverse is the inscription (in Latin):
Translation: "The mathematicians having congregated from the whole world awarded because of outstanding writings."
In the background, there is the representation of Archimedes' tomb, with the carving of his theorem on the Sphere and the Cylinder (a sphere and a circumscribed cylinder of the same height and diameter, the result of which he was most proud) behind a branch.
The rim bears the name of the prizewinner.
- Fields Institute history
- Margulis biography, School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St Andrews, Scotland. Accessed 27 August 2006.
- Wiles, Andrew John, Encyclopædia Britannica. Accessed 27 August 2006.
- Fields Medal Prize Winners (1998), 2002 International Congress of Mathematicians. Accessed 27 August 2006.
- Notices of the AMS, November 1998. Vol. 45, No. 10, p. 1359.