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A filming location is a place where some or all of a film or television series is produced, in addition to or instead of using sets constructed on a movie studio backlot or soundstage. For example, the television series 24 is filmed primarily on location except for some scenes which are always filmed on the same sets.

On location is a term used to describe the filming on such a real site. The term is often mistakenly believed to mean that the production is being filmed on the actual location in which its story is set, but this is not necessarily the case.

Pros and cons

Location filming has several advantages over filming on a studio set:
  • It can be cheaper than constructing large sets
  • The illusion of reality can be stronger - it is hard to replicate real-world wear-and-tear, and architectural details
  • It sometimes allows the use of cheaper non-union labor or to bypass a work stoppage in the US. Canadian locations such as Vancouvermarker and Torontomarker are known for this.
  • It sometimes allows "frozen" currency to be used. The 1968 movie Kelly's Heroes was filmed in Yugoslavia using profits that had been made on movie exhibitions in that country but couldn't be exported.


Its disadvantages include:
  • A lack of control over the environment - passing aircraft, traffic, pedestrians, bad weather, city regulations, etc.
  • Finding a real-world location which exactly matches the requirements of the script
  • Members of the audience may be familiar with a real-world location used to double as a fictional location (such as Rumble in the Bronx inexplicably showing the mountains outside Vancouver in the background of an urban Bronxmarker-set scene)
  • Taking a whole film crew to film on location can be extremely expensive


Location filming can provide significant economic development benefit to an area, including local cast and crew and the use of facilities such as catering and accommodation.

Practicalities

The Mayor's Office of Film, Theatre and Broadcasting in New York City helps keep cars from parking near shooting locations
Location filming usually requires a Location Manager, and locations are usually chosen by a Location Scout. Many popular locations, such as New York Citymarker in the United Statesmarker, and the Isle of Manmarker in the United Kingdommarker, have dedicated film offices to encourage location filming, and to suggest appropriate locations to film-makers.

In many cases a second unit is despatched to film location scenes, with a second unit director and sometimes with stand-in actors. These locations shots can then be edited into the final film or TV program alongside studio-shot sequences, to give an authentic flavour, without the expense or trouble of a full-scale location shoot. NYPD Blue, for example, was filmed primarily in Los Angelesmarker, but used second unit footage of New York City for colour, as well as featuring a small number of episodes filmed on location with the cast.

Substitute locations

It is common for films to be set in one place, but filmed in another, usually for reasons of economy or convenience, but sometimes because the substitute location looks more historically appropriate.

Some substitute filming locations, and the corresponding film setting, include:

Gallery

Image:Weird Science house north view.JPG|North view of the Los Cerritos, Long Beach, California house used in the the 1985 teen film Weird Science as the fictional, upscale family home Wyatt Donnelly and the location of the Gary-Wyatt party. The Weird Science house also appeared in the 2001 comedy film Not Another Teen Movie and in the 2001 drama/psychological thriller/science fiction film Donnie Darko.Image:Ferris Bueller house northeast view.JPG|Northeast view of the Los Cerritos, Long Beach, California house used in the 1986 comedy film Ferris Bueller's Day Off as the Bueller family home. This Los Cerritos, Long Beach, California home also was used in the 2001 comedy film Not Another Teen Movie and the 2002 thriller film Red Dragon.Image:American Pie house west view.JPG|West view of the Los Cerritos, Long Beach, California house used in the 1999 teen comedy film American Pie. The house served as the Levenstein family home where the character Jim sets up the camera to peep on the beautiful foreign exchange student, Nadia. The house also is seen in American Pie 2.Image:Michelle house American Pie northwest view.JPG|Northwest view of the Los Cerritos, Long Beach, California house used in the 1999 teen comedy film American Pie. The house served as the family home of Alyson Hannigan's character Michelle Flaherty, a band geek and perky flute player know for starting sentences with "And one time, at band camp, ..."Image:American Pie 2 painters house west view.JPG|West view of the Los Cerritos, Long Beach, California house where the four character friends in the 2001 comedy film American Pie 2 worked to paint this house yellow while vacationing at a lake.Image:Donnie Darko house northwest view.JPG|Northwest view of the Los Cerritos, Long Beach, California house used in the 2001 drama/psychological thriller/science fiction film Donnie Darko as the fictional family home for the teenager Donnie Darko. The house also appeared in an episode of the 2003-2005 Americanmarker television fantasy/family drama Joan of Arcadia as part of a house party scene.

See also



External links


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