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Finsbury is a district of central Londonmarker, England. It lies immediately north of the City of Londonmarker and Clerkenwellmarker, west of Shoreditchmarker, and south of Islingtonmarker and City Roadmarker. It is in the south of the London Borough of Islingtonmarker. The Finsbury Estatemarker is in the western part of the district. The eastern part of the district is now sometimes known as St Luke'smarker.

Etymology

The name is first recorded as Vinisbir (1231) and means "manor of a man called Finn."

History

In the middle ages Finsbury was part of the great fen which lay outside the walls of the City of London. It gave its name to the Finsbury divisionmarker of the Ossulstone hundred of Middlesex. In the early 17th century trees were planted and gravel walks made, and the area became a place for recreation. In 1641 the Honourable Artillery Company moved to Finsbury, where it still remains, and in 1665 the Bunhill Fieldsmarker burial ground was opened in the area. Building on Finsbury Fields began in the late 17th century. The parish church of St Luke'smarker was built in 1732-33, and at the end of the 18th century a residential suburb was built with its centre at Finsbury Squaremarker.

In 1832 the parliamentary borough of Finsbury was created, covering a considerably wider area, part of the Finsbury division of Ossultone hundred. In 1857 a park was opened some 3 miles north of Finsbury for the enjoyment of the residents of the parliamentary borough, and named Finsbury Parkmarker.

The Metropolitan Borough of Finsburymarker in the County of London was created in 1900, covering the area of Finsbury and Clerkenwell. In 1942 the borough council erected a controversial statue of Vladimir Lenin in Holford Square (now demolished). The borough was abolished in 1965 and absorbed into the borough of Islington.

Famous residents



Today

The name Finsbury is now most often used of the western part of the district, the home of the former Finsbury Town Hall, Finsbury Estate, Exmouth Marketmarker, the Sadler's Wells Theatremarker and City Universitymarker.

Transport

Nearest places:

Nearest tube stations:

Gallery

Image:Finsbury Town hall1.jpg|Finsbury Town HallImage:Lubetkin Finsbury Health Centre.jpg|Lubetkin-designed Finsbury Health Centremarker

References

  1. Mills, D., Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names (2000) ISBN 0 19 860957 4
  2. Weinreb, B. and Hibbert, C. (ed)(1983) The London Encyclopaedia Macmillan ISBN 0 333 57688 8



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