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Simple homemade flatbread
Making tortillas
Roasting papadums
Making flatbrød ~ 1904, Norway


A flatbread is a simple bread made with flour, water, and salt and then thoroughly rolled into flattened dough. Many flatbreads are unleavened—made without yeast or sourdough culture, although some flatbread is made with yeast, such as flatbread made with whole wheat flour. There are many other optional ingredients that flatbreads may contain, such as curry powder, diced jalapeños, chili powder or black pepper. Olive oil or sesame oil may be added as well. Flatbreads can range from one millimeter to a few centimeters thick.Flatbread was already known in Ancient Egypt and Sumer.

Religious significance

The term unleavened breads can also refer to breads which are not prepared with leavening agents. These flatbreads hold special religious significance to adherents of Judaism and Christianity. Jews consume unleavened breads such as matzo during Passover.

They are also used in the Western Christian liturgy when Roman Catholics celebrate the Eucharist. On the other hand, Orthodox Church explicitly forbids the use of unleavened bread for Eucharist as pertaining to the Old Testament and allows only for bread with yeast, as a symbol of the New. Indeed, this was one of the three points of contention that brought about the schism between Eastern and Western churches in 1054. Protestants use wafers and ordinary bread, depending on denomination.

Examples



References

  • Sanchuisanda is described in "Peoples of China's Far Provinces", by Wong How-Man, National Geographicmarker, March 1984.



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