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Flevoland is a province of the Netherlandsmarker. Located in the centre of the country, at the location of the former Zuiderzeemarker, the province was established on January 1, 1986; the twelfth province of the country, with Lelystadmarker as its capital. The province has approximately 370,000 inhabitants (2005) and consists of 6 municipalities.

After a flood in 1916, it was decided that the Zuiderzee, an inland sea within the Netherlands, would be enclosed and reclaimed: the Zuiderzee Works started. In 1932, the Afsluitdijkmarker was completed, which closed off the sea completely. The Zuiderzee was subsequently called IJsselmeermarker (lake at the end of the river IJssel).

The first part of the new lake that was reclaimed was the Noordoostpoldermarker (Northeast polder). This new land included the former islands of Urkmarker and Schoklandmarker and it was included in the province of Overijssel. After this, other parts were reclaimed: the Southeastern part in 1957 and the Southwestern part in 1968. There was an important change in these post-war projects from the earlier Noordoostpolder reclamation: a narrow body of water was preserved along the old coast to stabilise the water table and to prevent coastal towns from losing their access to the sea. Thus Flevopolder became an artificial island joined to the mainland by bridges. The municipalities on the three parts voted to become a separate province, which happened in 1986. At Flevoland there is a large mediumwave broadcasting facility called Mediumwave transmitter Flevolandmarker.

Flevoland was named after Lacus Flevomarker, a name recorded in Roman sources for a large inland lake at the southern end of the later-formed Zuiderzeemarker. Draining the Flevoland polders found many wrecks of aircraft that crashed into the IJsselmeer during WWII, and also fossils of Pleistocene mammals.



Municipalities

Image:Provincie Flevoland.gif|right|350pxpoly 371 222 379 216 399 215 406 231 400 235 404 249 386 249 371 237 Urkmarkerpoly 370 220 372 134 412 70 452 66 450 59 483 79 486 94 491 94 503 112 554 136 566 146 579 181 586 185 587 194 593 204 575 226 594 229 607 243 603 252 594 258 513 286 467 283 468 289 461 282 411 284 384 245 407 248 402 236 410 230 402 220 401 212 372 215 Noordoostpoldermarkerpoly 384 525 387 486 368 483 357 459 366 448 355 424 376 412 368 389 367 334 357 300 395 293 398 288 405 299 476 317 498 315 528 347 526 398 510 425 500 440 494 456 461 481 447 478 Drontenmarkerpoly 204 588 212 578 224 585 244 579 195 511 278 455 336 510 364 481 386 486 383 520 383 530 368 531 354 524 338 543 346 573 333 618 263 639 253 636 Zeewoldemarkerpoly 102 563 92 553 93 550 94 527 87 516 109 501 109 494 166 462 181 473 221 495 193 509 238 577 224 582 205 574 195 579 149 559 146 562 134 554 Almeremarkerpoly 170 458 283 379 277 368 285 361 288 344 314 344 322 348 329 340 348 307 358 302 366 331 368 378 368 394 379 410 355 423 353 426 365 447 354 457 363 481 335 509 278 452 221 492 199 480 182 474 Lelystadmarker

desc bottom-left
  1. Almeremarker - far west of southern island
  2. Drontenmarker - far east of southern island
  3. Lelystadmarker - middle of northern edge of southern island
  4. Noordoostpoldermarker - most of north-eastern island
  5. Urkmarker - small area on west of north-eastern island
  6. Zeewoldemarker - southern part of southern island


The Flevolands, Zuiderzee Works

Eastern Flevoland (Oostelijk Flevoland or Oost-Flevoland) and Southern Flevoland (Zuidelijk Flevoland or Zuid-Flevoland), unlike the Noordoostpoldermarker, have peripheral lakes between them and the mainland: the Veluwemeermarker and Gooimeermarker respectively, making them, together, the world's largest artificial island.

They are two separate polders that have a joint hydrological infrastructure, with a dividing dike in the middle, the Knardijk, that will keep one polder safe should the other be flooded. The two main drainage canals that traverse the dike can be closed by weirs in such an event. The pumping stations are the Wortman (diesel powered) at Lelystad-Haven, the Lovink near Harderwijkmarker on the mainland and the Colijn (both electrically powered) along the northern dike beside the Ketelmeermarker.

A new element in the design of Eastern Flevoland is the larger city Lelystadmarker (1966), named after Cornelis Lely, the man who had played a crucial role in designing and realising the Zuiderzee Works. Other more conventional settlements already existed by then; Drontenmarker, the major local town, was founded in 1962, followed by two smaller satellite villages, Swifterbantmarker and Biddinghuizenmarker, in 1963. These three were incorporated in the new municipality of Drontenmarker on January 1, 1972.

Southern Flevoland has only one pumping station, the diesel powered De Blocq van Kuffeler. Because of the hydrological union of the two Flevolands it simply joins the other three in maintaining the water-level of both polders. Almeremarker relieves the housing shortage and increasing overcrowding on the old land. Almere's name was originally an early medieval name for Lacus Flevomarker. Almere was to be divided into 3 major settlements initially; the first, Almere-Haven (1976) situated along the coast of the Gooimeer (one of the peripheral lakes), the second and largest was to fulfill the role of city centre as Almere-Stad (1980) and the third was Almere-Buiten (1984) to the northwest towards Lelystad. In 2003, the municipality made a new Structuurplan which started development of three new settlements: Overgooi in the southeast, Almere-Hout in the east, and Almere-Poort in the West. In time, Almere-Pampus could be developed in the northwest, with possibly a new bridge over the IJmeermarker towards Amsterdammarker.



The Oostvaardersplassenmarker is a landscape of shallow pools, islets and swamps. Originally, this low part of the new polder was destined to become an industrial area. Spontaneous settlement of interesting flora & fauna turned the area into a nature park, of such importance that the new railway-line was diverted. The recent decline in agricultural land use will in time make it possible to expand natural land use, and connect the Oostvaardersplassen to the Veluwemarker.

The centre of the polder most closely resembles the pre-war polders in that it is almost exclusively agricultural. In contrast, the southeastern part is dominated by extensive forests. Here is also found the only other settlement of the polder, Zeewoldemarker (1984), again a more conventional town acting as the local centre. Zeewolde became a municipality at the same time as Almere on January 1, 1984, which in the case of Zeewolde meant that the municipality existed before the town itself, with only farms in the surrounding land to be governed until the town started to grow.

Rail Links

The Flevopolder is served by the Flevolijn. This runs from Weesp to Lelystad. The following stations are in Flevoland:



One more station is under construction, with the possibility of another:



A new railway line is also under construction, the Hanzelijn. On this line there will be one new station in Flevoland:



Amsterdammarker, Utrechtmarker, Hilversummarker, Weespmarker and Schiphol Airportmarker, and many lesser places are accessible directly from Flevoland.

Events




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