Flint ( ) is a town in Flintshire, North Wales, lying on
the estuary of the River Dee.
It was the county town
of the historic county
of Flintshire and
today is the third largest town in Flintshire. According to the
population of the community
Flint was 12,804.
located in north east Wales, adjoining the River Dee, to the north of the town of
River Dee, the Wirral can be seen
from Flint and views to the south of the town include Halkyn
Flint has the oldest town charter
Wales, dating from 1284.
Edward I of England began constructing
Castle in 1277.
The castle was later where Richard II
was handed over to his
enemy Henry Bolingbroke
As a consequence, it is the setting for Act III, Scene III of the
play Richard II
. The castle was the
first of Edward I's 'iron ring' of royal castles to be built in
Wales and the design served as the basis for larger castles such as
Harlech and Rhuddlan.
The town did not have a wall, but a protective earthen and wooden
palisaded ditch, the outline of which remained visible in the
pattern of streets until the mid-1960s, although the medieval
boundary can still be traced now. This can
be seen in John Speed
's map of
In 1969 Flint hosted the National
, the town consequently has its own circle of
. In July 2006 the
stones became centre stage in the National Eisteddfod Proclamation
Ceremony which formally announced the 2007 host town of the event
within the British parliamentary constituency of Delyn and is represented by Labour MP David Hanson.The town is part of
the Welsh Assembly constituency of Delyn.
At local government level, Flint is a
administered by Flintshire County Council
Culture and demographics
Eighteen per cent of the local population identify themselves as
, a much larger proportion
(eighty-two per cent) do not [source: 2001 Census]. Many people in
Flint have some knowledge of the Welsh
, although competence does vary. English is the main
spoken language to be heard across the town. There are more
speakers in Flint
since the relaxation of trade and immigration laws within Europe.
Many shops have English and Polish information displayed and there
is a Polish Shop (Polski Sklep), specialising in Polish
accent is most often mistaken for a Liverpool accent. It is in fact a unique combination of speech
patterns shared with other Welsh speakers, old Irish settlers and those found in nearby
Cheshire, Wirral and Merseyside.
has two high schools: St Richard Gwyn Catholic High
School and Flint High School.
Primary schools in
Flint include the Gwynedd School, Cornist Park School, Ysgol Croes
Atti (Welsh Medium) and St Mary's Catholic Primary School.
its own low-powered television relay transmitter, designed to provide improved coverage of Welsh
channels in an area that would otherwise receive only English
Perhaps one of the town's most striking images, apart from the
castle, is the three tower blocks
high-rise flats situated near the town centre. The first two blocks
were built in the 1960s and named Bolingbroke Heights and Richard
Heights, with a third, Castle Heights, added shortly after.
in the town have been renovated
over the past decade in order for the town to appeal to the wider
community. Flint's association with pubs and drinking goes back a
long way; a survey issued in 1900, from the office in Mold, of the
Chief Police Constable for Flintshire, listed a total of thirty
five licensed public houses and off licensed premises retailing
Flint has a local football team Flint Town United F.C.
. They play in
the Cymru Alliance
Fell's sculpture Footplate can be seen at Flint
Initially it was thought to be an imitation
of the famous Monty Python
by Terry Gilliam
Former Liverpool FC striker
and Wales football
attended St. Richard Gwyn Catholic High school in Flint,
some of his family live in the area. Other famous footballers who
are from Flint include Ron Hewitt
starred in Wales' only Football World
appearance and his nephew Andy
. Other famous people connected with the town
include the chemist John Thomas best known for his research into
plant dyes and Thomas Totty, an Admiral who served with Lord Nelson and inherited Cornist Hall, Flint.
The actor Ian Puleston-Davies
also comes from
Tom Cruise's paternal great-great grandfather,
Dylan Henry Mapother, emigrated to Louisville, Kentucky from Flint in 1850.