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Flora of Macedonia: Map

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The flora of Macedoniamarker is represented with around 210 families, 920 genera, and around 3,700 plant species. The most abundant group are the flowering plants with around 3,200 species, which is followed by mosses (350 species) and ferns (42).

Phytogeographically, Macedonia belongs to the Illyrian province of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. According to the WWF and Digital Map of European Ecological Regions by the European Environment Agency, the territory of the Republic can be subdivided into four ecoregions: the Pindus Mountainsmarker mixed forests, Balkan mixed forests, Rhodopes mixed forests and Aegeanmarker sclerophyllous and mixed forests.

Numerical distribution of plant families, genera and species

All the genera and species of plants found in Macedonia are presented in "The Flora of the Republic of Macedonia" (Macedonian Флора на Република Македонија) by Academic d-r Kiril Micevski, one of the founders of the botanical science in Macedonia.

Group Families Genera Species Subspecies, varieties, forms All taxons
Marchantiophyta 29 42 66 - -
Anthocerotophyta 1 1 1 - -
Bryophyta 34 124 330 - -
Lycopodiophyta 3 5 6 - 6
Equisetophyta 1 1 7 13 20
Pterophyta 15 21 42 18 60
Gymnosperms 4 6 15 7 22
Angiosperms

*Dicotyledonae

*Monocotyledonae
120

102

18
720

565

155
3,200

2,600

600
1,700

1,500

200
4,900

4,100

800
Total plant taxons 210 920 3,700 1,740 5,350



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