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See also: Florissant Fossil Beds National Monumentmarker and Florissant, Coloradomarker.


Florissant is a second-ring suburb of St. Louismarker, located in northern St. Louis Countymarker, Missourimarker, United Statesmarker. The city has a total population of 51,387.

History

The exact date the first settlers came to the rich, fertile Valley of Florissant is unknown, but it is one of the oldest settlements in the state of Missouri. Some historians believe it was settled about the same time as St. Louismarker. The first civil government was formed in 1786 by Francois Dunegant dit Borosier who served as the civil and military commandant. Spanish archives in Havanamarker reveal there were 40 people and 7 plantations in Florissant at the time of the 1787 census. The village called "Fleurissant" by its French settlers and "St. Ferdinand" by its Spanish rulers was a typical French village with its commons and common fields.

Originally a separate town, and now an inner suburb of St. Louismarker, the community was centered on (and frequently called after) the parish of St. Ferdinand. As late as 1889, the town was predominantly French speaking (while the southern portion of the metropolis was populated by German-speakers)..

Geography

Florissant is located at (38.797800, -90.325570) . According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.7 square miles (30.3 km²), of which, 11.4 square miles (29.4 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.9 km²) of it (2.82%) is water.

Climate

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 50,497 people, 20,399 households, and 13,687 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,442.4 people per square mile (1,714.8/km²). There were 21,027 housing units at an average density of 1,849.8/sq mi (714.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.66% White, 10.51% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 1.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.49% of the population.

There were 20,399 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,462, and the median income for a family was $52,195. Males had a median income of $37,434 versus $27,247 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,622. About 2.7% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public

Florissant is home to the Hazelwood and Ferguson-Florissant public school districts. McCluer North High School and McCluer High School of the Ferguson-Florissant School District, and North Technical High School are high schools found within Florissant. Hazelwood Central is the only High School in Florissant belonging to the Hazelwood School District Hazelwood Northwest Middle School and several elementary schools are within the limits.

Private

North County Christian School is a preschool through grade 12 christian school that is theologically associated with the Church of the Nazarene.

Several kindergarten through 8th grade parochial schools reside in Florissant. These include Sacred Heart, St Dismas, St Ferdinand, St Rose Philippine Duchesne, and St Sabina schools.

Higher Education

Florissant is home to two theological colleges, an extension campus, and barber college. Saint Louis Christian Collegemarker is a private four year undergraduate institution that is theologically and ecclesiastically associated with the Christian Churches and Churches of Christ. The Gateway College of Evangelism is located at the former St. Stanislaus Jesuit monastery and is theologically associated with the United Pentecostal Church International. Lindenwood Universitymarker has its offsite North County Campus located in the former Our Lady of Fatima School. Missouri School of Barbering and Hairstyling-St Louis is also located in Florissant.

Florissant Valley Community College and University of Missouri-St. Louismarker are located in close proximity to the city.

Public libraries

St. Louis County Library operates the Florissant Valley Branch in Florissant.

Notable residents



References

  1. United States Census Estimates 2006
  2. Old St. Ferdinand Shrine, Official Site
  3. St. Louis Post-Dispatch, January 27, 1889; cited in Missouri Historical Review, April 1957, p. 330
  4. " Florissant Valley Branch." St. Louis County Library. Retrieved on August 18, 2009.
  5. " Florissant city, Missouri." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 18, 2009.


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