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At the 1924 Summer Olympics held in Parismarker, Uruguay dominated the Football (soccer) tournament winning the Gold.

Amateur Status

In 1921, the Belgium Football Association first allowed for payments to players for time lost from work; in the months that followed four other Associations (Switzerlandmarker and Italymarker amongst them) permitted similar subsidies. The Football Association, perhaps, with foresight considered their statement of 1884 to be one which FIFAmarker should hereafter follow. They had stated: "Any player registered with this Association ... receiving remuneration ... of any sort above ... necessary expenses actually paid, shall be considered to be a professional."

In 1923 the four British Associations sought an assurance that FIFA accept this definition; the four FIFA representatives on the International Football Association Board refused and, consequently, both Great Britainmarker and Denmarkmarker withdrew their footballers from representing their nations at the 1924 Olympic Games.

Entries



In Association Football (1960), Bernard Joy wrote about the 1912 Games that the authorities in Swedenmarker "had debated for a long time whether to include football ... because its popularity was not yet world wide". Twelve years later, in Paris, football had become so important to the Games that a 1/3 of the income generated came from football. In terms of international development these Games signalled the first participation in a major Championship of a team from South America, a continent which would provide the main competition to Europe from that moment on.

In Paris Uruguay, who had paid their third class passage to Paris and gone on a dazzlingly successful tour of Spain beforehand [48877], would join as many as 18 European teams; the United States, Turkey and Egypt. In terms of the numbers of participating teams this would be the biggest international football tournament until the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain.

The Uruguayans had comfortably won the South American Championship by maximum points in the December of the previous year to qualify for the tournament as their continent's sole participants; defeating bitter rivals Argentina 2-0 in the final game in which Pedro Petrone scored half way through the first half. They would bring to Paris a revolution in ideas. Joy would write: "A doctor and a physical expert were as important elements of the staff as the coach himself. They saw to it that their charges reached perfect physical condition. They were kept that way by staying away from the attractions of Paris at a villa in the quiet village of Argenteuil". Once they arrived, once they started playing they would amaze and attract. The way their forwards would pass the ball between themselves would captivate, belittling their early doubters. In Paris Jose Leandro Andrade would be dubbed La Marveille Noire [48878].

Despite all this little was known about them; they had never played outside of South America and their international experience had mainly been spent travelling across the harbour from Buenos Airesmarker to Montevideomarker.It is understandable therefore that, given the general lack of knowledge of the Uruguayans that the Italians and the Hungarians should have been considered favourites, however, both, though strong, had suffered a difficult season.

Italy, having remained unbeaten since 1922, now found themselves beaten 4-0 by an early incantation of Hugo Meisl's Wunderteam (who, tantalisingly, would absent themselves from the Games).With just six weeks to go before the Games Italy had been walloped 7-1 by Hungary.).Other than dropping Giampiero Combi, Vittorio Pozzo would not make major changes; Italy would not prevail. The same policy was adopted by Yugoslavia. Rather than considering dropping players they had sacked their manager Dr Veljko Ugrinic instead (following a 4-1 wiping by those Austrians in Zagrebmarker) but would find his replacement Todor Sekulic just as hapless.

The Hungarians had just come off a good run of results in the previous year, but had been beaten, convincingly, by the Swiss in the days leading up to the Games; Max Abegglen, who had only been playing international football for two years, scoring his 7th international goal that day for the Swiss.He and they would become quite a feature of the Games. The Swiss, ironically, had been on the verge of withdrawing from the Games due to their continued success. The team's train ticket was valid for only 10 days and their money had run out. An appeal by a newspaper, Sport, brought in the needed funds.

Entering for the second time Egyptmarker would cause a shocking defeat in their opening game; their true worth exposed not only by the drubbing that eventually signalled their exit but by the comprehensive defeats they experienced on a short European tour after the Games.The concept of warm-up matches lay far into the future.

Both finalists from the previous Games would be present; Belgiummarker being afforded a bye into the first round; the Czechs drawn against Turkeymarker in the Preliminary Round.

Tournament

The Games competition was assisted by a Preliminary Round which featured the silver medallists from the 1920 Games, Spainmarker in a game with Italymarker. Since that time Spain had only lost once and that by a single goal away to Belgiummarker and had drawn 0-0 with the Italians in March 1924.There was hardly anything between themselves and Italy when they met, this time, at the Colombes Stadiummarker; Pedro Vallana's own goal handing victory to Italy.

Otherwise there were wildly lopsided results in the opening round. Hungary put five past Poland, the Swiss sent poor Lithuania on their way, 9-0. But the big talking point was the play of the Uruguayans [they] played first-rate football, combining speed, skill and perfect ball-control. By marrying short passing to intelligent positional play, they made the ball do all the work, and so kept their opponents on the run wrote Joy. The Uruguayans sailed past Yugoslavia by seven clear goals, then overcame the United States by three goals to nil; only after the Americans had shut bolt their defence. Their team was fundamentally that with which they would dominate World football for the next 6 years.

In the first round Czechoslovakiamarker (following their ill-judged decision to walk off the field in 1920) enhanced their reputation as Olympic 'bad sports' during an ill-tempered fixture against an equally unforgiving Swiss; the game went fruitlessly to extra-time. One Czech was sent off, and the Norwegian referee had to call for order during a break. For the replay, Abegllen took the captain's duties and all was different; Switzerland winning by the single goal. Otherwise there were two big shocks, the first went Egyptmarker's way; 3-0 to the good against Hungarymarker. The second saw Swedenmarker annihilate the reigning Gold medallists, Belgium, quite improbably, 8-1. Oscar Verbeeck's own goal set the Swedes on their way; Sven Rydell's hat-trick the feature of the match.

The Swedish outside-left Rudolf Kock (who would become chairman of the selectors in 1948 working alongside George Raynor), would have another fine game against Egypt where Sweden won 5-0. France and Holland had been similarly dominant in the first round but that was put into perspective when Uruguay beat France 5-1 to claim a semi-final place.

In another quarter-final Italymarker went out to Switzerlandmarker disputing a winner by Max Abegglen, who converted a break-away goal. The Italians protested that he had been off-side. The referee Johannes Mutters, refused to alter the decision of his linesman; a jury upheld the judgement.

There was further dispute in the semi-final where Holland (coached by the old Blackburn Rovers' Cup hero William Townley) took a first half lead against Uruguaymarker through Feyenoord's Kees Pijl. With twenty minutes to go Pedro Cea scored an equaliser and with less than ten Georges Vallat, the French referee, awarded Uruguay a penalty. Suddenly bedlam. FIFA reports: "the Netherlands protested the ruling of a penalty kick that turned out to be the winning goal but then Uruguay protested against the Olympic Committee's selection of a Dutch referee for the final. To appease the South Americans, the committee pulled the name of a final referee out of a hat and picked out a Frenchman, Marcel Slawick".

First round
















Second round






















Quarter-finals










Semi-finals




Bronze medal match




Gold Medal match

In the other semi-final between Switzerlandmarker and Swedenmarker the Swiss prevailed.

In the final the Swiss proved no match, ultimately, for the Uruguayans whose two goals in the second half put paid to their opponent's ambitions, Uruguay eventually prevailing 3-0. Interest in the final had been considerable, such was the draw of the Uruguayan side; 60,000 watched and 10,000 were locked out.

Players :

Andrés Mazali

Pedro Arispe

José Nasazzi

Alfredo Ghierra

José Vidal

José Leandro Andrade

Angel Romano

Pedro Cea

Pedro Petrone

Hector Scarone

Santos Urdinarán



Manager :

Ernesto Figoli

Image:1924-URU-SUI_1924-FIN-JO.svg|270px|Finale des JO 1924default :Image:1924-URU-SUI 1924-FIN-JO.svgrect 220 20 340 70 Andrés Mazalirect 160 90 230 140 José Nasazzirect 310 90 380 140 Pedro Arisperect 90 160 160 210 José Leandro Andraderect 220 150 320 200 José Vidalrect 380 160 450 210 Alfredo Ghiarrarect 40 250 100 310 Santos Urdinaránrect 150 250 225 310 Héctor Scaronerect 225 305 290 355 Pedro Petronerect 310 250 360 310 José Cearect 420 250 480 310 Angel Romanorect 230 670 300 730 Hans Pulverrect 130 590 200 660 Rudolf Ramseyerrect 325 590 392 660 Adolphe Reymondrect 120 500 190 570 Aron Pollitzrect 230 500 300 570 Paul Schmiedlinrect 360 500 430 570 August Oberhauserrect 30 400 100 470 Paul Fässlerrect 150 400 210 470 Max Abegglenrect 340 400 400 470 Robert Pacherect 440 400 500 470 Karl Ehrenbolgerrect 230 380 300 440 Walter Dietrich
Players :

Hans Pulver

Rudolf Ramseyer

Adolphe Reymond

Aron Pollitz

Paul Schmiedlin

August Oberhauser

Paul Fässler

Max Abegglen

Walter Dietrich

Robert Pache

Karl Ehrenbolger



Manager :

 Edward Duckworth


Trivia

  • Sweden, surprisingly, won Bronze. Their 8-1 defeat of the reigning champions, Belgium, in the opening round is still considered one of the biggest upsets in World football by criteria laid down by ELO.
  • Some of the games took place at the Vélodrome de Vincennesmarker.
  • The lap of honour (or previously called "Olympic turn"), the celebration ritual that any proclaimed champion team do when winning a tournament, was invented by Uruguay team after winning this Olympic title, to salute the attendance by running all around the athletics field.
  • Uruguay's Pedro Petrone was two days shy of his 19th birthday when he accepted his gold medal; still the youngest football gold-medallist in the history of the Games.


Medalists

Gold: Silver: Bronze:
Uruguay
José Leandro Andrade

Pedro Arispe

Pedro Casella

Pedro Céa

Luis Chiappara

Pedro Etchegoyen

Alfredo Ghierra

Andrés Mazali

José Nasazzi

José Naya

Pedro Petrone

Ángel Romano

Zoilo Saldombide

Héctor Scarone

Pascual Somma

Humberto Tomasina

Antonio Urdinarán

Santos Urdinarán

Fermín Uriarte

José Vidal

Alfredo Zibechi

Pedro Zingone

Switzerland
Max Abegglen

Félix Bédouret

Charles Bouvier

Walter Dietrich

Karl Ehrenbolger

Paul Fässler

Gustav Gottenkieny

Jean Haag

Marcel Katz

Edmond Kramer

Adolphe Mengotti

August Oberhauser

Robert Pache

Aron Pollitz

Hans Pulver

Rudolf Ramseyer

Adolphe Reymond

Louis Richard

Teo Schär

Paul Schmiedlin

Paul Sturzenegger

Walter Weiler

Sweden
Axel Alfredsson

Charles Brommesson

Gustaf Carlsson

Albin Dahl

Sven Friberg

Karl Gustafsson

Fritjof Hillén

Konrad Hirsch

Gunnar Holmberg

Per Kaufeldt

Tore Keller

Rudolf Kock

Sigfrid Lindberg

Vigor Lindberg

Sven Lindqvist

Evert Lundquist

Sten Mellgren

Gunnar Olsson

Sven Rydell

Harry Sundberg

Thorsten Svensson

Robert Zander


External links



References




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