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The Foreign Secretary of Pakistan is the bureaucratic head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Secretary, as in all other ministries of Government of Pakistan, works under the Minister who is the member of National Assembly. The Foreign Secretary is usually a seasoned diplomat, who is a Grade 22 officer of the Central Superior Services of Pakistan.

Due to the unstable political history of Pakistan, the bureaucrats were usually the policymakers of the country. Similarly, foreign policy of Pakistan was mostly thought up by the then military/political rulers and implemented by the ministry of foreign affairs under chairmanship of the Secretary. Such was the case in the United Statesmarker opening of relations with Chinamarker, in which Pakistan acted an important role. It was the then Foreign Secretary Sultan M. Khan who was to arrange the secret visit of U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger to China via Pakistan. This visit paved the way to opening of Sino-U.S. relations under President Richard Nixon.

Some of other foreign secretaries, like Aziz Ahmed, Agha Shahi, Abdul Sattar, later rose to be Foreign Minister of Pakistan.

The current Foreign Secretary is Salman Bashir who was nominated by the ruling coalition in April 2008 after the previous Secretary Riaz Mohammad Khan was sacked when he differentiated with PPP's stance of forming UN tribunal to investigate the assassination of Benazir Bhuttomarker.

List of Foreign Secretaries

No. Name of Foreign Secretary Entered Office Left Office
1 Mohammed Ikramullah 15 August, 1947 16 October, 1951
2 Mirza Osman Ali Baig 16 October, 1951 30 November, 1952
3 Akhtar Hussain 1 December, 1952 4 June, 1953
4 J.A. Rahim 4 June, 1953 11 January, 1955
5 Sikandar Ali Baig 10 October, 1955 30 June, 1959
6 Mohammed Ikramullah 1 July, 1959 11 May, 1961
7 S.K. Dehlavi 12 May, 1961 26 July, 1963
8 Aziz Ahmed 26 July, 1963 23 June, 1966
9 S.M. Yusuf 24 June, 1966 1 July, 1970
10 Sultan Muhammad Khan 1 July, 1970 31 March, 1972
11 Iftikhar Ali 31 March, 1972 1 January, 1973
12 Mumtaz Ali Alvie 1 January, 1973 7 May, 1973
13 Agha Shahi 6 July, 1973 6 July, 1977
14 Sardar Shah Nawaz 6 July, 1977 29 May, 1980
15 Riaz Piracha 29 May, 1980 10 July, 1982
16 Niaz A. Naik 11 July, 1982 30 May, 1986
17 Abdul Sattar 31 May, 1986 2 August, 1988
18 Humayun Khan 3 August, 1988 22 February, 1989
19 Tanvir Ahmad Khan 30 December, 1989 30 August, 1990
20 Shahryar Khan 30 August, 1990 29 March, 1994
21 Najmuddin Shaikh 30 April, 1994 24 February, 1997
22 Shamshad Ahmad 25 February, 1997 17 February, 2000
23 Inam-ul-Haq 17 February, 2000 21 June, 2002
24 Riaz Khokhar 6 August, 2002 14 February, 2005
25 Riaz Mohammad Khan 15 February, 2005 25 April, 2008
26 Salman Bashir 3 April, 2008 Incumbent


See also



References

  1. M.M. Ali, "Former Pakistani Foreign Secretary Sultan Mohammed Khan’s Colorful Life Parallels His Country’s History" Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, March 1999
  2. A.G. Noorani "Killing the messenger" Daily Times, May 30, 2008


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