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The Republic of Abkhaziamarker is a self-proclaimed independent state a disputed region which is recognized by Russiamarker, Nicaraguamarker, Venezuelamarker, South Ossetiamarker, and Transnistriamarker. Abkhazia declared independence from Georgiamarker in 1999 , but did not receive recognition from any UN member states until after the 2008 South Ossetia war.

Currently Abkhazia is searching for more international recognition. Abkhazia enjoys excellent relations with Russia and South Ossetia on the ambassadorial level.

Diplomatic relations

Country Date of diplomatic recognition Notes
2008-08-26 see Abkhazia–Nicaragua relations
  • On September 5, 2008, Nicaragua became the second UN member state to recognize Abkhazia.
2008-08-26 see Abkhazia–Russia relations
  • On August 26, 2008, Russia became the first UN member state to recognize Abkhazia. Russia plans on building an embassy in Sukhummarker and also a trade office to help Russian businesses in the area.
2006-11-17 see Abkhazia–South Ossetia relations
  • Abkhazia and South Ossetia officially recognized each others independence on November 17, 2006.
  • Abkhazia and Transnistria officially recognized each others independence on November 17, 2006.
2009-09-10 see Abkhazia–Venezuela relations
  • On September 10, 2009, Venezuela became the third UN member state to recognize Abkhazia.

Visa Problems

Several states which do not recognise Abkhazia routinely refuse visa applications of Abkhazians, even though the application is made in Moscow on the basis of the person's dual Russian citizenship.

  • In October 2006 the American embassy denied a visa to Minister for Foreign Affairs of Abkhazia Sergei Shamba, who was to attend a UN Security Council discussion in New Yorkmarker on the United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia.
  • In February 2009 the Indian embassy denied visas to two Abkhazian women employed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs who had been invited by the Jawaharlal Nehru University to attend an international conference. In response, Foreign Minister Shamba sent letters to Indian External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee and to the Ambassador of India to Russia, Prabhat Prakash Shukla. The letters protested the very unfriendly attitude towards Abkhazia, pointed out that the applicants Russian citizenship had not been taken into account and warned that Abkhazia might respond in kind, denying visas to any future Indian visitors.
  • On 17 March the Spanish embassy in Moscow refused visas for the members of the Abkhazian Futsal team, which was to take part in the first Copa de les Nacions de Futsal in Cataloniamarker.
  • On 13 May 2009, the German embassy in Russia initially denied a visa for a sick Abkhazian 16-year old boy who was to have undergone a complicated operation in a Munichmarker clinic. Foreign Minister of Abkhazia Sergei Shamba said "such actions are out of line with universal humanitarian principles and are a direct violation of Abkhazian residents' rights." However, the next day the German embassy in Moscow issued the visa, stating that the delay was due to the need to coordinate with their consulate in Tbilisi, which normally handles visas.

Relations with other self-declared independent states

The Nagorno-Karabakh Republicmarker, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprusmarker all welcomed Russian recognition of Abkhazia. The Palestinian Authority also welcomed the independence of both Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Diplomatic missions

Offices in Abkhazia

Abkhazian missions

Membership in international organizations

Abkhazia does not belong to any international organizations as of March 2009 besides the Community for Democracy and Human Rights.

See also


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