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In a referendum on 21 May, 2006, the people of Montenegromarker opted to leave the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. This was confirmed with a declaration of independence by the Montenegrin parliament on 3 June 2006. It simultaneously requested international recognition and outlined foreign policy goals.

As enumerated in the parliamentary declaration of 3 June 2006, Montenegro's near-term primary foreign policy objectives are integration into the European Union, membership in the United Nations, to which it was admitted on 28 June 2006 and in NATOmarker.

The European Council of Ministers recognized Montenegrin independence on 12 June, 2006, as did the United States. Russia gave official recognition on 11 June. The United Kingdom extended recognition on 13 June. The last two permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, France and the People's Republic of China recognised the government of Montenegro on 14 June.

On 30 November, 2006, the Government adopted the Memorandum of Agreement between the Republic of Montenegro and the Republic of Serbia on Consular Protection and Services to the Citizens of Montenegro. By this agreement, Republic of Serbiamarker, through its network of diplomatic and consular missions, provides consular services to the Montenegrin citizens on the territory of states in which Montenegro has no missions of its own.In October 2008, Montenegro recognized the independence of Kosovomarker, resulting in the expulsion of its ambassador as persona non grata by Serbiamarker.

Membership in international organizations

Organisation Application date Admission date
International Telecommunications Union (ITU) 21 June 2006 [298840][298841]
Organization for Security and
Co-operation in Europe
(OSCE) [298842] [298843]
5 June 2006 [298844] 22 June 2006 [298845]
United Nations (UN) [298846] 5 June 2006 28 June 2006 [298847] [298848]
International Labour Organization (ILO) 18 July 2006 [298849]
Universal Postal Unionmarker (UPU) 26 July 2006 [298850]
Central European Initiative (CEI) 2 August 2006 [298851]
Stability Pact for Southeastern Europe 3 August 2006 [298852] [298853]
World Health Organization (WHO) 29 August 2006 14 September 2006 [298854]
International Atomic Energy Agencymarker (IAEA) 14 June 2006 [298855] 18 September 2006 [298856]
International Criminal Police Organization marker 27 July 2006 [298857] 22 September 2006 [298858]
International Maritime Organisation (IMO) [298859] 10 October 2006 [298860]
Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) [298861] 16 October 2006 [298862]
International Criminal Court (ICCt) 23 October 2006 [298863]
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weaponsmarker (OPCW) 23 October 2006 [298864]
World Customs Organization (WCO) 24 October 2006 [298865]
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) 25 October 2006[298866]
International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) [298867]
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) 22 November 2006 [298868]
International Organisation for Migration (IOM) 28 November 2006 [298869]
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) 4 December 2006 [298870]
NATO's Partnership for Peace [298871] 30 August 2006 [298872] 14 December 2006 [298873]
International Monetary Fundmarker (IMF) 18 July 2006 [298874] 18 January 2007 [298875]
World Bank Group (IBRD, IDA, IFCmarker, MIGA) 3 August 2006 [298876] 18 January 2007 [298877]
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organizationmarker (UNESCO) 1 March 2007 [298878]
Council of Europe (CoE) [298879] 6 June 2006 [298880] 11 May 2007 [298881]
Southeast European Cooperation Process (SECP) 11 May 2007 [298882]
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) [298883] [298884]
World Meteorological Organization (WMO) 25 May 2007 [298885]
Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC) [298886]
World Trade Organization (WTO) 10 December 2004 [298887]
World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) 30 November 2007 [298888]
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS)
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI)
Black Sea Economic Co-operation (BSEC) not granted because of the Cyprus dispute [298889]
European Civil Aviation Conference
EUROCONTROL 1 July 2007 [298890]
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) 17 November 2007[298891]
Union for the Co-ordination of Transmission of Electricity (UCTE)
Intergovernmental Organisation for International Carriage by Rail (OTIF)
Council of Bureaux (CoBx) [298892]
Union for the Mediterranean 13 July 2008
Full NATO Membershipmarker
Full European Union Membership
International Sports Organisations
International Association of Athletics Federations 27 July 2006 [298893]
International Handball Federation 7 August 2006 [298894]
International Swimming Federation 21 August 2006 [298895]
ITF 24 August 2006 [298896]
International Basketball Federation 27 August 2006 [298897]
International Volleyball Federation 23 October 2006 [298898]

Union of European Football Associations 30 June 2006 26 January 2007 [298899]
World Taekwondo Federation 17 May 2007 [298900]
International Football Federation marker 30 June 2006 31 May 2007 [298901]
International Archery Federation 5 July 2007 [298902]
International Olympic Committee marker 6 July 2007 [298903]
International Bowling Federation 30 August 2007 [298904]
International Ice Hockey Federation
International Table Tennis Federation
  • On June 28, 2006, Montenegro was added to the American Radio Relay League's DXCC List as the 336th entry based on membership in the UN. [298905]
  • Montenegro acceded to the Geneva Conventions on August 2, 2006.[298906]
  • 382 is Montenegro's telephone country code [298907]
  • .me is a future Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) that was assigned to Montenegro. It is likely to be created as the country code top-level domain for Montenegro, following the decision on 26 September 2006 by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency to allocate ME as the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for Montenegro.


States that have explicitly recognized Montenegro

# Country Recognition
of the
Republic of
Montenegro


Establishment
of
Diplomatic
Relations


Status of
Diplomatic
Mission
in Montenegro


Status of
Diplomatic
Mission
in the country


Sources Notes
1 8 June 2006 26 September 2006 [298908][298909]
2 9 June 2006 30 June 2006 Embassy [298910][298911][298912] See Montenegro–Switzerland relations
3 9 June 2006 [298913]
4 11 June 2006 26 June 2006 Embassy Embassy [298914][298915][298916] See Montenegro–Russia relations
5 12 June 2006 2 August 2006 Embassy 3, 11 December 2006 Embassy, 11 December 2006 [298917][298918] See Bulgaria–Montenegro relations
6 12 June 2006 7 July 2006 Embassy, 12 January 2007
Consulate (Kotormarker) 3
Embassy, 10 May 2007 [298919][298920][298921] See Croatia–Montenegro relations
7 12 June 2006 14 June 2006 Embassy, 31 July 2006 Embassy [298922][298923]
Note 0 12 June 2006 [298924]
8 12 June 2006 13 June 2006 [298925][298926]
9 12 June 2006 19 June 2006 [298927][298928]
10 12 June 2006 12 July 2006 Embassy, 12 July 2006
Consulate (Budvamarker) 3
Embassy [298929][298930][298931] See Austria–Montenegro relations
11 12 June 2006 3 July 2006 Embassy Embassy [298932][298933]
12 12 June 2006 19 July 2006 [298934][298935]
13 12 June 2006 14 June 2006 Embassy, 12 July 2006 [298936][298937][298938] See Hungary–Montenegro relations
14 12 June 2006 15 June 2006 Consular Agency 4 [298939][298940]
15 12 June 2006 15 August 2006 Embassy
5 October 2006
Embassy [298941], [298942] See Montenegro – United States relations
16 13 June 2006 13 June 2006 Embassy Embassy [298943][298944][298945] See Montenegro – United Kingdom relations
17 13 June 2006 6 September 2006 [298946][298947]
18 13 June 2006 1 August 2006 Embassy Embassy [298948][298949][298950]
19 13 June 2006 9 August 2006 Embassy [298951][298952][298953] See Montenegro–Romania relations
20 13 June 2006 22 August 2006 [298954][298955]
21 13 June 2006 18 December 2006 Embassy Embassy [298956][298957]
22 13 June 2006 21 September 2006 [298958] [298959]
23 13 June 2006 13 June 2006 Embassy Embassy [298960][298961][298962] See France–Montenegro relations
24 14 June 2006 30 June 2006 [298963][298964]
25 14 June 2006 26 June 2006 [298965], [298966]
26 14 June 2006 6 July 2006 Embassy, 7 July 2006 Embassy [298967][298968][298969][298970] See People's Republic of China – Montenegro relations
27 14 June 2006 14 June 2006 Embassy Embassy [298971][298972] See Italy–Montenegro relations
28 14 June 2006 14 September 2006 Embassy Embassy [298973][298974]
29 14 June 2006 8 November 2006 [298975][298976]
30 14 June 2006 14 June 2006 Embassy, 22 June 2006 Embassy [298977][298978][298979] See German-Montenegrin relations
31 15 June 2006 15 June 2006 Consulate (Podgoricamarker) 3 [298980] [298981]
32 15 June 2006 20 October 2006 [298982][298983]
33 15 June 2006 22 August 2006 [298984][298985][298986] See Montenegro–Ukraine relations
34 15 June 2006 22 June 2006 Embassy Embassy [298987][298988][298989][298990] See Montenegro–Serbia relations
35 16 June 2006 24 July 2006 [298991][298992][298993]
36 16 June 2006 21 June 2006 [298994][298995]
37 16 June 2006 12 July 2006 [298996][298997][298998] See Israel–Montenegro relations
38 16 June 2006 16 June 2006 [298999][299000]
39 16 June 2006 13 March 2007 [299001][299002][299003] See Cyprus–Montenegro relations
40 16 June 2006 14 September 2006 [299004][299005]
41 16 June 2006 28 July 2006 [299006][299007]
42 16 June 2006 25 August 2009 [299008]
43 19 June 2006 17 May 2007 [299009][299010][299011]
44 19 June 2006 [299012]
45 20 June 2006 24 September 2007 [299013]
46 20 June 2006 21 June 2006 Embassy, 23 June 2006 Embassy [299014][299015][299016]

[299017][299018][299019]
See Montenegro–Slovenia relations
47 20 June 2006 20 June 2006 [299020][299021][299022] See Ireland–Montenegro relations
48 21 June 2006 4 September 2006 [299023][299024][299025]
49 21 June 2006 26 March 2007 [299026][299027]
50 21 June 2006 16 December 2006 Embassy [299028][299029]
51 22 June 2006 9 March 2007 [299030][299031]
52 22 June 2006 23 August 2006 [299032][299033]
53 23 June 2006 18 July 2006 [299034][299035][299036]
54 23 June 2006 [299037][299038]
55 26 June 2006 3 July 2006 Embassy [299039][299040]
56 27 June 2006 9 August 2006 [299041][299042][299043]
57 27 June 2006 1 September 2006 [299044][299045]
58 27 June 2006 24 July 2006 [299046][299047]
59 28 June 2006 4 August 2006 [299048][299049] [299050]
60 29 June 2006 12 July 2006 [299051][299052][299053]
61 30 June 2006 8 September 2009 [299054]
62 30 June 2006 26 February 2007 [299055][299056][299057]
63 7 July 2006 28 July 2006 [299058][299059]
64 11 July 2006 24 October 2006 [299060][299061]
65 12 July 2006 [299062]
66 13 July 2006 [299063]
67 17 July 2006 [299064]
68 18 July 2006 25 July 2006 Mission (Brusselsmarker) 3 [299065][299066]
69 18 July 2006 14 September 2006 [299067][299068]
70 19 July 2006 8 March 2007 [299069][299070]
71 19 July 2006 5 June 2007 [299071] [299072]
72 20 July 2006 31 October 2006 [299073]
73 24 July 2006 [299074]
74 24 July 2006 [299075]
75 25 July 2006 16 January 2007 [299076]
76 July 2006 December 2008 [299077]
77 25 July 2006 17 August 2006 [299078][299079]
Note 5 1 August 2006 1 August 2006 [299080]
78 2 August 2006 15 September 2006 Honorary Consulate-General 2, 3 [299081][299082]
79 10 August 2006 [299083]
80 16 August 2006 6 June 2007 [299084]
81 19 August 2006 [299085]
82 22 August 2006 [299086]
83 23 August 2006 [299087]
84 25 August 2006 [299088]
85 5 September 2006 [299089]
Note 5 Sovereign Military Order of Malta 5 September 2006 5 September 2006 Embassy [299090]
86 12 September 2006 18 September 2006 [299091]
87 14 September 2006 30 October 2008 [299092][299093]
88 25 September 2006 29 March 2007 [299094]
89 27 September 2006 27 September 2006 [299095]
90 27 September 2006 25 January 2007 (?) [299096][299097]
91 6 October 2006 11 April 2007 [299098]
92 10 October 2006 27 November 2006 [299099]
93 11 October 2006 11 October 2006 [299100][299101]
94 17 October 2006 17 October 2006 [299102]
95 24 October 2006 9 May 2008 [299103][299104][299105]
96 24 October 2006 21 November 2006 [299106][299107][299108]
97 17 November 2006 17 November 2006 [299109]
98 30 November 2006 30 November 2006 [299110]
99 19 December 2006 19 December 2006 [299111]
100 3 March 2007 3 March 2007 [299112]
101 24 May 2007 24 May 2007 [299113]
102 8 June 2007 8 June 2007 [299114]
103 16 July 2007 16 July 2007 [299115]
104 29 October 2007 29 October 2007 [299116]
105 18 March 2008 18 March 2008 [299117]
106 4 April 2008 4 April 2008 Embassy [299118]
107 25 August 2008 25 August 2008 [299119]
108 1 December 2008 25 February 2009 [299120]
109 10 March 2009 10 March 2009 [299121]
110 24 June 2009 24 June 2009 [299122]
111 18 September 2009 [299123]
† indicates EU member state

[[Image:Montenegro relations.png|thumb|right|350px|Foreign relation of Montenegro
]]


0 Despite the official recognition by European Union's foreign ministers, every member state had to recognise Montenegro individually, as well.[299124].

1 Embassy Branch Office of a Belgrademarker resident embassy that is currently formally accredited to Montenegro. (established during the former Union State of Serbia and Montenegro)

2 Consulate-General situated in Podgoricamarker (unless otherwise noted). Some are honorary missions without diplomatic status.

3 pre-2006, as part of Serbia & Montenegro

4 post-independence, consulate opened after gaining independence

5 not an independent sovereign state

Official sources, where available, are listed first followed by news sources.

Montenegro-United States of America relations

The United States of America recognized the Republic of Montenegro on June 12, 2006, being among the first states to do so. Diplomatic relations between the two countries were established on August 15.

Relations between the two sides have rapidly developed since the establishment of diplomatic ties. On August 28, six U.S. Senators, John McCain (R-AZ), Saxby Chambliss (R-GA), Mel Martinez (R-FL), Lindsey Graham (R-SC), Richard Burr (R-NC) and John E. Sununu (R-NH), made an official visit to Montenegro. Their activities included a meeting with President Vujanovic and with the speaker of the Montenegrin parliament.[299125].

Soon after the congressional visit, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld paid an official visit to Montenegro, seeking support for the War on Terror and overall American geopolitical goals in Europe.[299126] Following the Secretary's meeting with Montenegrin Prime Minister Milo Đukanović, it was announced that Montenegro had agreed in principle to aid the US efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan, although no specific pledges of aid were made.[299127]. For his part, Secretary Rumsfeld stated that the United States supported Montenegro's desire to join NATOmarker and would also assist in its acquiring membership in the Partnership for Peace programme.

Bilateral relations turned a new page on October 5 when the United States opened an embassy in Podgoricamarker at a ceremony attended by Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Rosemary DiCarlo, Montenegrin Foreign Minister Miodrag Vlahović, Mayor Miomir Mugoša and US Charge d'affaires Arlene Ferrill. Roderick W. Moore, the first-ever Ambassador of the United States of America to the Republic of Montenegro, presented his credentials to Montenegrin President Vujanovic on September 19, 2007.

The of the United States Navy paid a port call at Tivatmarker from October 23 to 26.[299128]

Montenegro currently maintains an embassy in Washington, D.C.marker.

Montenegro-Canada relations

Canadian Foreign Minister Peter MacKay wrote to Foreign Minister Miodrag Vlahović extending diplomatic recognition and agreeing to hold discussions on the establishment of diplomatic relations, which occurred later in 2007[299129].

The Canadian Embassy in Belgrade is accredited to Montenegro.[299130] There is currently no resident Montenegrin mission or representative in Canada.

Montenegro-Malaysia relations

Citizens of Montenegro, Serbiamarker and Israelmarker are not allowed to participate in Malaysia My Second Home program.

See also



External links



References

  1. http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20060628/wl_nm/montenegro_un_dc_2
  2. http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20060604/ap_on_re_eu/montenegro_independence_4
  3. JTW News - Kacin: EU will recognize Montenegro on June 12
  4. " Malaysia My Second Home", Immigration Department of Malaysia. Retrieved 28 Aug 2007.



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