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Formentera is the smallest and southernmost island of the Illes PitiĆ¼sesmarker group (which includes Ibizamarker and Formentera) and belongs to the Balearic Islandsmarker autonomous community (Spain). It is long and is located approximately south of Ibiza in the Mediterranean Seamarker. Its major villages are Sant Francesc Xavier, Sant Ferran de ses Roques, El Pilar de la Mola and La Savina.

The island was reachable by ship only from Ibiza, making it the quieter of the two islands but in recent years regular lines from the Spanish mainland have increased the amount of tourism. It is known for its many pristine beaches and the fact that nude sunbathing is allowed on most of its beaches.

North of Formentera is the small island of Espalmadormarker (Illa de s'Empalmador). Espalmador is separated from Formentera by a shallow sandbar, and during low tide, it is possible for one to wade between the two islands. This area is a popular stopping point for those in yachts heading between Ibiza and Formentera.

Formentera comprises one municipality, also called Formentera, and has a population of 7,461 (2002). Its land area is .

A local dialect of Catalan is spoken in Formentera, while the official languages are Catalan and Spanish. Italian, Spanish and German can be heard extensively in the summer.

History

The island's name is usually said to derive from the Latin word frumentarium, meaning "granary". The island had been occupied by the Carthaginiansmarker before passing to the ancient Romans. In succeeding centuries, it passed to the Visigoths, the Byzantines, the Vandals, and the Arabs. In 1109 it was the target an devastating attack by the Norwegian king Sigurd I at the head of the "Norwegian Crusade". The Island was conquered by the Catalan, added to the Crown of Aragon and later became part of the medieval Kingdom of Majorca.
Map of Formentera


2007 Windsurfing World Championship

From 1 September to 7 September, Formentera hosted the 2007 Techno 293 OD World Championships in windsurfing for juniors under 15 and youths under 17.

Gallery

Image:Esglesia Sant Francesc.jpg|Church in Sant FrancescImage:Formentera sat.png|Satellite picture of FormenteraImage:Formentera_cliffs.jpg|The coastline near Cala SaonaImage:S'espalmador.jpg|Island of Espalmador

References

  1. Techno 293 OD World Championships


External links




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