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Fort Edward, or "The Fort", is a town in and the county seat of Washington Countymarker, New Yorkmarker, United Statesmarker. It is part of the Glens Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area. The town population was 5,892 at the 2000 census.

The town of Fort Edward has within it a village named Fort Edwardmarker. The town is on the west border of the county.

History

The town is located both on the "Great Carrying Place" around the falls on the Hudson but also on the "Great War Path" between French and English colonies.

Fort Lyman, constructed in 1755 during the French and Indian War by General Phineas Lyman, had its name changed to Fort Edward by Sir William Johnson in 1756 for King George II's grandson Prince Edward, a younger brother of the later King George III.

The town of Fort Edward was established in 1818. The Hudson River has also been a big transportation method for centuries.

In 1849, the community of Fort Edward set itself off from the town by incorporating as a village.

Notiable resident of the town



Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 27.4 square miles (71.0 km²), of which, 26.8 square miles (69.4 km²) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km²) of it (2.19%) is water.

The west town line is defined by the Hudson River and is the border of Saratoga Countymarker, New Yorkmarker.

US Route 4 follows the course of the Hudson River along the west side of the town and joins New York Route 197 at Fort Edward village. The Hudson River passes through the northern part of the town.

Demographics

At the 2000 census , there were 5,892 people, 2,248 households and 1,571 families residing in the town. The population density was 219.9 people per square mile (84.9/km²). There were 2,487 housing units at an average density of 92.8/sq mi (35.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.59% White, 0.34% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.53% of the population.

There were 2,248 households of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.95.

Age distribution was 24.4% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.

The median household income was $34,973, and the median family income was $41,630. Males had a median income of $31,875 versus $23,429 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,201. About 6.5% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.8% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.

Rail transportation

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Fort Edward. The Adirondack operates daily in both directions between Montrealmarker and New York Citymarker. The Ethan Allen Express operates daily in both directions between Rutlandmarker, Vermontmarker, and New York City. The Amtrak stop is designated Fort Edward-Glens Fallsmarker as it serves both those communities as well as Hudson Fallsmarker and Fernwood.

Communities and locations in the town

  • Durkeetown – A hamlet on the eastern town line, located east of Fort Edward.
  • Fort Edwardmarker – A village in the northwest part of the town.
  • Fort Edward Center – A former community located about two miles south of Fort Edward village.
  • Fort Miller – A hamlet in the south part of the town, located on US-4 and the Hudson River.
  • Moses Kill (also "Mock") – A former community on the Hudson River, south of Fort Edward village, named after a stream that enters the river there.
  • Roger's Island – An island in the Hudson River adjacent to Fort Edward village. It was fortified during the French and Indian War.


References

External links




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