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Fort Wayne is a city in the U.S. state of Indianamarker and the county seat of Allen Countymarker. As of 2008, the city had an estimated population of 251,591, ranking it the 73rd largest city in the nation. It is the second largest city in Indiana, after Indianapolismarker. The municipality is located in northeastern Indiana, approximately 20 miles (32 km) west of the Ohiomarker border and 50 miles (80 km) south of the Michiganmarker border.

Fort Wayne is the principal city of the Fort Wayne Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan area that encompasses Allen, Wellsmarker, and Whitleymarker counties, for an estimated population of 411,154. In addition to those three counties, the Fort Wayne–Huntington–Auburn CSA, a combined statistical area, includes Adamsmarker, DeKalbmarker, Huntingtonmarker, and Noblemarker counties, for a population of 570,779.

Under the direction of American Revolutionary War statesman General "Mad" Anthony Wayne, the United States Army built Fort Wayne last in a series of forts near the Miami Indian village of Kekiongamarker in 1794. Named in Wayne's honor, Fort Wayne established itself at the confluence of the St. Joseph River, St. Marys River, and Maumee River as a trading post for European settlers. The village was platted in 1823 and experienced tremendous growth after completion of the Wabash and Erie Canal.

Today, Fort Wayne's economy is based on manufacturing, education, insurance, health care, logistics, and defense and security. The city has been an All-America City Award recipient in 1982, 1998, and 2009.


General "Mad" Anthony Wayne
The Miami nation first established a settlement at the Maumee, St. Joseph, and St. Marys Rivers in the mid-17th century called Kekiongamarker. The village was the traditional capital of the Miami nation and related Algonquian tribes. Historians believe that around 1676, Frenchmarker priests and missionaries visited the Miami on their way back from a mission at Lake Michiganmarker. In 1680, René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle sent a letter to the Governor-General of Canada stating he had also stopped there. In the 1680s, French traders established a post at the location because it was the crucial portage between the Great Lakesmarker and the Mississippi River. The Maumee River is approximately ten miles (16 kilometers) away from the Little River branch of the Wabash River, which flows, in turn, into the Ohio River.Goodrich, De Witt C. and Charles Richard Tuttle (1875) An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. (NP:R. S. Peale & Co., ND).

In 1696, Comte de Frontenac appointed Jean Baptiste Bissot, Sieur de Vincennes as commander of the French outpost in Miami country."Vincennes, Sieur de (Jean Baptiste Bissot)," The Encyclopedia Americana (Danbury, CT: Grolier, 1990), 28:130. The French built the first fort on the site, Fort Miamismarker, in 1697 as part of a group of forts built between Quebec, Canadamarker, and St. Louismarker. In 1721, a few years after Bissot's death, Fort Miamis was replaced by Fort St. Philippe des Miamismarker. The first census, performed in 1744 on the order by the governor of Louisiana, revealed a population of approximately forty Frenchmen and one thousand Miami.Increasing tension between France and the United Kingdommarker developed over the territory. In 1760, after defeat by British forces in the French and Indian War, the area was ceded to the British Empire. The fort was again renamed, this time to Fort Miami. In 1763, various Native American nations rebelled against British rule and retook the fort as part of Pontiac's Rebellion. The Miami regained control of Kekionga, a rule that lasted for more than thirty years.

In 1790, President George Washington ordered the United States Army to secure Indiana. Three battles were fought in Kekionga against Little Turtle and the Miami Confederacy. Miami warriors annihilated the United States Army in the first two battles. Anthony Wayne led a third expedition, destroying the village while its warriors were away. When the tribe returned to their destroyed village, Little Turtle decided to negotiate peace. After General Wayne refused it, the tribe was advanced to Fallen Timbers where they were defeated on August 20, 1794. On October 22, 1794, the United States army captured the Wabash-Erie portage from the Miami Confederacy and built a new fort at the three rivers, Fort Wayne, in honor of General Wayne.

Incorporated as the City of Fort Wayne on February 22, 1840, the city prospered under the launch of the Wabash and Erie Canal. Fort Wayne's nickname, The Summit City, was coined due to its location at the zenith of the locks on the canal. The city lost national prominence in the demise of the Wabash and Erie Canal as the railroad system quickly took its place. Population growth occurred most in the 19th century, with the arrival of German, Polish, and Irish immigrants, bringing large numbers of Roman Catholics and Lutherans.
Superior Street during the disastrous floods Fort Wayne suffered in 1982.
The turn of the 20th century brought the most devastating natural disaster in the city's history. The Great Flood of 1913 resulted in the deaths of six residents and left 15,000 homeless, prompting martial law to be declared until order could be restored to Fort Wayne.

The costliest disaster in Fort Wayne's history, the Great Flood of 1982, exceeded $56 million in damages and prompted a visit from President Ronald Reagan. In the days following the flood, 9,000 residents were forced to evacuate and over 2,000 residences and businesses were damaged by floodwaters. One brigade of sandbaggers are credited with saving 1,860 homes in the Lakeside neighborhood as clay dikes along the Maumee River began showing signs of failure. The gallant efforts by thousands of volunteers earned Fort Wayne the distinction of The City That Saved Itself. Since this flood, miles of levees and dikes were built or enhanced, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers widened the Maumee River, and Headwaters Park was established near the confluence of the rivers in downtown Fort Wayne, all implemented to alleviate future flooding.

In recent history, the focus of citizens has been the concern of bolstering business and beautification in the core of Fort Wayne. Within the last decade, the city has improved in this venture, with the renovations and expansions of the Allen County Public Librarymarker and Grand Wayne Convention Centermarker, as well as the addition of Headwaters Park. It was announced in 2006 that a $130 million development, containing a new baseball stadiummarker, parking garage, condominiums, shops, and Courtyard by Marriott, was to begin construction in downtown Fort Wayne by 2008. This revitalization project is known as Harrison Square.


A flood wall lining the St. Joseph River in northern Fort Wayne.
Fort Wayne is located at (41.07253, -85.13937). For a regional summit, Fort Wayne lies on fairly flat land, with the exception of few hills and depressions throughout the region. Marshes and wetlands are prevalent in portions of southwest Fort Wayne and Allen County, as well as some quarries. West of the city lies the Tipton Till Plain while land east of the plain is the former Black Swamp. The St. Marys River cuts through the southeast section of Allen County, flowing northward, while the St. Joseph River cuts through the northeast section of the county, flowing southward. Both rivers converge roughly in the center of the county to form the Maumee River, which flows northeastward, eventually emptying into Lake Eriemarker.


According to the Köppen climate classification, Fort Wayne lies in the humid continental climate zone, experiencing four distinct seasons. Typically, summers are hot and humid, and winters are generally cold with frequent snowfall. Precipitation is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year.

The National Weather Service reports the highest recorded temperature in the city at on July 14, 1936 and June 29, 1988, and the lowest recorded temperature at on January 12, 1918. The wettest month on record was July 1986, with of precipitation recorded. The greatest 24-hour rainfall was on August 1, 1926. The average annual precipitation is , recorded at Fort Wayne International. During the winter season, snowfall accumulation averages per year. Lake effect snow is not rare to the region, but usually appears in the form of light snow flurries. The snowiest month on record was in January 1982. The greatest 24-hour snowfall was on March 10, 1964.

Severe weather is not uncommon, particularly in the spring and summer months. The most severe tornado, an F2 on the Fujita scale, struck portions of northern Fort Wayne on May 26, 2001, causing extensive damage to businesses along the Coliseum Boulevard corridor and a subdivision, but resulting in only three minor injuries. The city was paralyzed in the days following the Great Blizzard of 1978, with snow accumulations in upwards of and drifts at in some places, driven by 55 mile-per-hour wind gusts.




Elected officials of Fort Wayne
Official Position Political Party
Tom Henry Mayor Democrat
City Council Members
Marty Bender At-Large Republican
Liz Brown At-Large Republican
John Shoaff At-Large Democrat
Tom Smith First District Republican
Karen Goldner Second District Democrat
Tom Didier Third District Republican
Mitch Harper Fourth District Republican
Tim Pape Fifth District Democrat
Glynn A. Hines Sixth District Democrat

Fort Wayne has a mayor-council government. Fort Wayne City Council is a nine-member legislative group that serve four-year terms. Six of the members represent specific districts; three are elected city-wide as at-large council members. The council elected on November 6, 2007 will serve until December 31, 2011. Fort Wayne's mayor is Democrat Tom Henry, who was sworn into office on January 1, 2008, succeeding Democrat Graham Richard, who had served since 2000. Greg Purcell holds the position of Deputy Mayor. Democrat Sandra Kennedy has been Fort Wayne's city clerk since 1983.

Under the Unigov provision of Indiana Law, City-County consolidation would have been automatic when Fort Wayne's population exceeded 250,000 and became a first class city in Indiana. Fort Wayne nearly met the state requirements for first class city designation in 2006 when the populous portions of Aboite Townshipmarker were annexed. However, a 2004 legislative change raised the population requirements from 250,000 to 600,000, which ensured Indianapolis' status as the only first class city in Indiana.

Sister cities

Fort Wayne has three sister cities as designated by Sister Cities International:


The first census was performed in 1744 on the order by the governor of Louisiana, revealed a population of approximately forty Frenchmen and one thousand Miami.

As of the census of 2000, there were 205,727 people, 83,333 households, and 50,666 families residing in the city. There are 90,915 housing units at an average density of 1,151.5/sq mi (444.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 75.45% White, 17.38% Black or African American, 0.39% Native American, 1.56% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.91% from other races, and 2.26% from two or more races. 5.78% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 83,333 households out of which 31.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% are married couples living together, 14.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% are non-families. 32.6% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.3% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.41 and the average family size is 3.08.

In the city the population is spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years of age. For every 100 females there are 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $36,518, and the median income for a family is $45,040. Males have a median income of $34,704 versus $25,062 for females. The per capita income for the city is $18,517. 12.5% of the population and 9.6% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 17.5% of those under the age of 18 and 7.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Fort Wayne is cited as having the highest Burmese refugee population in the United States, with estimates near 5,000.


Besides its Summit City nickname, Fort Wayne is also informally referred to as the City of Churches, a nickname that stretches back to the late-1800s when the city was the hub of regional Catholic, Lutheran, and Episcopal faiths.

The Missouri Synod of the Lutheran Church was constituted in Saint Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Churchmarker, then known as Saint Pauls Evangelisch-Lutheranische Gemeinde, once founded in 1837 as Fort Wayne's first Lutheran church. The Episcopal Church moved into Fort Wayne in 1839, attracting settlers from New Englandmarker and New Yorkmarker, along with English, Irish, and Canadian immigrants. Trinity Episcopal Church, in downtown Fort Wayne, is the center for the Episcopal Diocese of Northern Indiana. Fort Wayne is the principal city of the Catholic Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend which covers northeastern and north central Indiana. The principal cathedral of the diocese is the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conceptionmarker, also located downtown.

As of May 2006, three national Christian denominations were headquartered in Fort Wayne: the Fundamental Baptist Fellowship Association, Missionary Church, Inc., and the Fellowship of Evangelical Churches. Fort Wayne's Jewish population is served by Congregation Achduth Vesholom, the oldest Jewish congregation in Indiana and second oldest Reform congregation west of the Allegheny Mountains, founded in 1848. There is also an increasing religious minority found among Fort Wayne's immigrant communities, including Hinduism, Islam, and Buddhism.


A major manufacturing center in the Midwest by the mid-20th century, Fort Wayne included such employers as General Electric, Magnavox, Westinghouse, and International Harvester. Also vital employers, Phelps Dodge, Rea Magnet Wire, and Essex Wire comprised the largest concentration of copper wire production globally during World War II. As the century came to close, advancements in technology and the reduction of manufacturing jobs nationally led Fort Wayne to be counted among other cities in the Rust Belt.

However, the city's economy has diversified with time to include education, insurance, health care, and defense and security. The service and hospitality sector has also grown recently, with 5.4 million tourists spending more than $415 million in Fort Wayne in 2006. In 2009, Forbes ranked the Fort Wayne metropolitan area 67th on its list of 200 metropolitan areas in its annual "Best Places For Business And Careers" report. Individually, the city was ranked 5th in cost of living and 12th in cost of doing business.

Fort Wayne is headquarters for such companies as Genteq, Medical Protective, North American Van Lines (Sirva), Rea Magnet Wire, Steel Dynamics, Sweetwater Sound, and Vera Bradley.

Fort Wayne's ten largest non-government employers:



  • BBQ RibFest is a four-day event held in mid-June at Headwaters Park, showcasing barbecue rib cooks and vendors, as well as musical performances from across the nation.

  • Fort-4-Fitness debuted in 2008 as a way to motivate residents to take steps in creating healthier lifestyles. The festival includes a certified half-marathon, 4-mile run/walk, health fair, and healthy food expo. Over 6,200 people participated in the festival's inaugural run.

  • Germanfest, first celebrated in 1981, commemorates Fort Wayne's largest ethnic group with such events as the Germanfest Bake Off and National Weiner Dog Finals. German cuisine, dance, and fashion are showcased in the eight-day celebration, held in the first week of June at Headwaters Park.

  • Greek Fest is a four-day event held at the end of June at Headwaters Park. The festival, which originated in 1986, celebrates Fort Wayne's local Greek population and heritage.

  • HolidayFest begins the day before Thanksgiving with the lighting of the National City Bank Santa and Reindeer light display, the Wells Fargo Holiday Display, and the Indiana Michigan Power Christmas Wreath. Other events through the season include the Festival of Gingerbread at The History Centermarker, the Festival of Trees at the Embassy Theatremarker, the Reindeer Romp 5K, and the Headwaters Park Ice Rink.

  • National Soccer Festival is staged at IPFW's Hefner Soccer Complexmarker where event-goers celebrate the sport of soccer on the collegiate level, with such activities as golf outings, live entertainment, and food vendors. In 2008, twelve universities participated in the event.

  • Three Rivers Festival is the paramount of northeast Indiana festivals, annually attracting an estimated 400,000 event-goers. The festival's run annually spans nine days in mid-July, featuring over 200 events, including a community parade through downtown, a midway, food alley, hot dog eating contest, bed race, arts fair, and fireworks spectacular.

Performing arts

The John and Ruth Rhinehart Music Center opened in 2007 on the Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Waynemarker campus to hold community concerts and university events. The auditorium includes 1,600 seats. Located downtown, Cinema Center features independent, foreign, classic, and documentary films.

Arts United Center, located adjacent to the Fort Wayne Museum of Artmarker, houses the Fort Wayne Civic Theater and Fort Wayne Youtheatre, with seating for 663. The Scottish Rite Center contains a 2,086-seat auditorium and a Valencia Ballroom. Foellinger Outdoor Theatre, in Franke Park near the zoo, offers seasonal acts and movies during warmer months. The Firehouse Theater, in remodeled Enginehouse #10, contains 73 seats and presents original works and classics adapted for stage.

The Embassy Theatremarker, located across from the Grand Wayne Center, presents shows ranging from concert tours, Broadway musicalsmarker, dance, community events, and lectures, serving over 200,000 patrons annually. The Embassy is also home to the Fort Wayne Philharmonic Orchestra. The Grand Wayne Centermarker, though used mainly for exhibitions and conventions, also plays host to dance or choir productions, such as the annual FAME Festival (The Foundation for Art and Music in Elementary Education), which showcases local school choirs and dancers.


Science Central contains interactive exhibits geared toward children.
Once functioning as Fort Wayne's City Hall, the building now houses The History Center.
The African/African-American Historical Museum, which opened near downtown in 2000, contains two floors and ten exhibits relating to slavery in the United States, the Underground Railroad, African-American inventors, and the history of the local African-American community. The Greater Fort Wayne Aviation Museum, located inside the Lieutenant Paul Baer Terminal at Fort Wayne International Airport, highlights aviation history in Fort Wayne, as well as memorabilia relating to historical aviation figures such as Fort Wayne's own Art Smith and World War I Ace, Paul Baer.

The Fort Wayne Firefighters Museum, located at Engine House #3 in downtown Fort Wayne, exhibits artifacts from the Fort Wayne Fire Department, dating back to 1839, as well as showcasing four early previously-used fire engines. The Fort Wayne Museum of Artmarker, located in downtown Fort Wayne, contains of exhibition space, along with an auditorium. The FWMoA is currently undergoing a addition, allowing for more exhibition space and other amenities by spring 2010.

The Harold W. McMillen Center for Health Education utilizes interactive programs to enable youth to make decisions that promote physical, emotional, and social well-being. The History Center, located in Fort Wayne's Old City Hallmarker, manages a collection of more than 23,000 artifacts recalling the history of Fort Wayne and Allen County; the center is overseen by the Allen County-Fort Wayne Historical Society, which also maintains the Chief Jean Baptiste de Richardville Housemarker. The Jack D. Diehm Wildlife Museum of Natural History showcases stuffed and mounted North American wildlife animals in habitat settings. Science Central is a "hands-on" science center, located in Lawton Park just north of downtown Fort Wayne, offering children interactive exhibits.


Parkview Field, home to the Fort Wayne TinCaps.
Fort Wayne is currently home to seven minor league sports franchises. These include Fort Wayne Fever of soccer's Premier Development League, Fort Wayne Flash of the Women's Football Alliance, Fort Wayne Freedom of the Continental Indoor Football League, Fort Wayne Komets of the International Hockey League, Fort Wayne Mad Ants of the NBA Development League, and Fort Wayne TinCaps of baseball's Midwest League. Intercollegiate sports in the city include IPFW in the NCAA's Division I Summit League as well as NAIA schools Indiana Techmarker and University of Saint Francismarker.

The city has formerly been home to three professional sports franchises. These include the NBA's Fort Wayne Pistons (now in Detroit), the Fort Wayne Daisies of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, and the Fort Wayne Kekiongas of the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players (an early predecessor to the current MLB).

Fort Wayne has been home to a few sports firsts; the first professional baseball game was played May 4, 1871 between the Fort Wayne Kekiongas and the Cleveland Forest Citys. It was rained-out in the top of the ninth inning, with the Kekiongas ahead 2-0. On June 2, 1883, Fort Wayne hosted the Quincy Professionals for one of the first lighted baseball games ever recorded. Fort Wayne has been credited for being the birthplace of the NBA when Fort Wayne Pistons owner Fred Zollner brokered the merger of the BAA and the NBL in 1949 from his kitchen table. Also, on March 10, 1961, Wilt Chamberlain became the first player in the NBA to reach 3,000 points in a single season while competing at Memorial Coliseum.

Fort Wayne was ranked as the "Best Place in the Country for Minor League Sports" in a 2007 issue of Street & Smith's Sports Business Journal, dropping to second place in 2009.

Professional Sports in Fort Wayne
Team Sport League Established Venue Championships
Fort Wayne Fever Soccer Premier Development League 2003 Hefner Stadiummarker 0
Fort Wayne Fever Women's Soccer W-League 2004 Hefner Stadium 0
Fort Wayne Flash Women's Football Women's Football Alliance 2007 Woodlan Junior / Senior High School 0
Fort Wayne Freedom Indoor football Continental Indoor Football League 2003 Allen County War Memorial Coliseummarker 0
Fort Wayne Komets Hockey International Hockey League 1952 Allen County War Memorial Coliseum 6 (IHL), 1 (UHL)
Fort Wayne Mad Ants Basketball NBA Development League 2007 Allen County War Memorial Coliseum 0
Fort Wayne TinCaps Baseball Midwest League 1993 Parkview Fieldmarker 1


The city's two major newspapers are The Journal Gazette and Pulitzer Prize-winning The News-Sentinel. Both independent dailies have separate editorial departments, but under a joint operating agreement, printing, advertising, and circulation are handled by Fort Wayne Newspapers, Inc. The city is also served by several free weekly and monthly alternative and neighborhood newspapers, including Aboite & About, Dupont Valley Times, Frost Illustrated, Ink, The Macedonian Tribune (the oldest and largest Macedonian language publication produced outside of the Balkans), St. Joe Times, whatzup Entertainment Newspaper, and The Waynedale News.

The Fort Wayne radio market is the 103rd-largest in the nation. Beginning broadcasting in 1925, Fort Wayne's second radio station, WOWOmarker, is now an independent news/talk radio station, featuring local and network news talkshows. Two National Public Radio stations, WBNI and WBOI, are based in the city. Fort Wayne is the 107th-largest television media market in the nation. Broadcast network affiliates include WANE-TVmarker (CBS), WFFT-TVmarker (Fox), WISE-TVmarker (NBC), WPTAmarker (ABC), and WFWAmarker (PBS). Religious broadcasters include WINMmarker and W07CLmarker. The CW Network and My Network TV also are cable-only for many Fort Wayne market viewers as they are broadcast by digital sub-channels of WPTA-TV and WISE-TV, respectively, and not broadcast on an NTSC channel.


Headwaters Park is the site of several community festivals.

Fort Wayne's first park (and smallest), the 0.2 acre (800 m²) Old Fort Park, was established in 1863. The newest developed park includes Buckner Park, established in 2004. Franke Park is Fort Wayne's most extensive park, at 316.4 acres (1.3 km²), also the home of the Fort Wayne Children's Zoomarker (ranked fifth best zoo in the nation by Parents magazine in 2009). Downtown Fort Wayne is home to the Foellinger-Freimann Botanical Conservatorymarker and the Lawton Skatepark. As of 2007, Fort Wayne Parks and Recreation maintained 84 parks and dozens of smaller community parks and playgrounds, covering 2,805 acres (8.9 km²). Allen County Parks include Cook's Landing County Park, Fox Island County Park, Metea County Park, and Payton County Park, all four of which cover nearly 900 acres (3.6 km²). Northeast of Fort Wayne, near Grabillmarker, is Hurshtown Reservoir, the largest body of water in Allen County, at .

Downtown Fort Wayne, as seen from Freimann Square.

Fort Wayne is also making efforts in restoring natural wetlands to the region. In southwest Allen County, the Little River Wetlands Project's Eagle Marsh contains 705 acres (2.85 km²) of protected wetlands, making it one of the largest wetland restorations in the state of Indiana. Nearby Arrowhead Marsh is also in the process of restoration. Many species of turtles, herons, and cranes have been reported of making a resurgence in the wetlands.


In recent decades, Fort Wayne has developed new paths and paved walking trails along the riverbanks, known as the Rivergreenway Trail System, not only to beautify the riverfronts, but to also promote healthier living habits for residents around the community. The Rivergreenway Trail System currently encompasses throughout Allen County. The Rivergreenway was designated as a National Recreation Trail in 2009.

It was announced November 2007, that the Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT) had awarded the City of Fort Wayne nearly $1 million to aid in construction that will soon begin on a new extension of the Rivergreenway, called the Pufferbelly Trail, that will eventually link the Fort Wayne Children's Zoo in Franke Park and the northern suburbs of Fort Wayne with the rest of the trail system. The final plan includes joining Pokagon State Parkmarker near Angola, Indianamarker in the north, and Ouabache State Park in the south near Bluffton, Indianamarker.

In the spring of 2008, ABC affiliate WPTA-TV received $10,000 in seed money from the reality television series Oprah's Big Give which was then received by Aboite New Trails, Fort Wayne Trails, Greenway Consortium, and Northwest Allen Trails, four organizations in Fort Wayne. The donations topped $1 million April 12, 2008 at a community celebration named Oprah's Big Give: Fort Wayne Trails in Headwaters Park with Indianapolis Colts Coach Tony Dungy and players in attendance. On April 21, 2008, Fort Wayne was featured on a segment of The Oprah Winfrey Show in recognition for raising the most money of the ninety participating cities in the country. The final total rounded-out to $1.2 million.

In March 2009, Mayor Tom Henry announced plans for the placement of three bicycle lanes on streets throughout the city in response to a survey conducted in the fall of 2008 in which thousands answered regarding the need for such lanes in the community.



Fort Wayne is home of Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Waynemarker (IPFW), with an enrollment of 13,675, it is the fifth-largest public university campus in Indiana. The city also holds the main campus of the Northeast Region of Ivy Tech Community College, the second-largest public community college campus in Indiana. Indiana University maintains the third public higher educational facility in the city with the Fort Wayne Center for Medical Education, a branch of the IU School of Medicine.

Religious-affiliated schools in the city include the University of Saint Francismarker (Roman Catholic), Concordia Theological Seminarymarker (Lutheran), and Indiana Wesleyan University (Wesleyan Church). Business and technical schools include Indiana Institute of Technologymarker (IIT) as well as regional branches of Trine Universitymarker, Brown Mackie College, Harrison College, ITT Technical Institute, and International Business College.

Public education is offered in the four districts of East Allen County Schools, Fort Wayne Community Schools, Northwest Allen County Schools, and Southwest Allen County Schools. By means of private education, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend operate 13 schools within Allen County, while Lutheran Schools of Indiana operate 14 schools within the county. In addition, Blackhawk Christian Schoolmarker and Canterbury Schoolmarker offer private K-12 education in Fort Wayne, while Amish Parochial Schools of Indiana has schools through eighth grade in rural eastern Allen County.


Fort Wayne and Allen County residents have been served by the Allen County Public Librarymarker (ACPL) and its thirteen branches since its founding in 1895 as the Fort Wayne Public Library. The entire library system began an $84.1 million overhaul of its branches in 2002, finishing work by 2007. The centerpiece, the Main Library Branch, now covers , featuring an art gallery, underground parking garage, bookstore, café, and community auditorium. According to data from 2005, 5.4 million materials were borrowed by patrons, and 2.5 million visits were made throughout the library system. The Fred J. Reynolds Historical Genealogy Department, located in the Main Library Branch, is the largest public genealogy department in the United States, home to more than 350,000 printed volumes and 513,000 items of microfilm and microfiche.

In 1997, Places Rated Almanac recognized Fort Wayne as having the highest reading quotient of any place in North America, due in part to the city's quality library system.



Fort Wayne International Airportmarker is the state's third busiest airport behind Indianapolis International Airportmarker and South Bend Regional Airportmarker, serving almost 600,000 passengers in 2008. Fort Wayne International shares the distinction with O'Hare International Airportmarker and Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airportmarker as one of three Midwest commercial airports containing a runway. Fort Wayne International is also homebase for the 122d Fighter Wing of the Indiana Air National Guard. Smith Fieldmarker, in northern Fort Wayne, is used primarily for small aircraft and pilot education and training.


Until November 10, 1990, Fort Wayne was served by Amtrak's Broadway Limited (Chicago—Pittsburgh—New York). Conrail's proposed abandonment of a line between and forced Amtrak to re-route the train further north to . Amtrak's nearest station stop is at Waterloomarker, some to the north. Thruway Motorcoach service between the two cities ended in 1994. Recently, there has been momentum to bring passenger rail service back to the city in the form of Amtrak or other high-speed rail service.


Fort Wayne is the largest city in Allen County, Indiana.
This map shows its relations with nearby municipalities and major roadways.

U.S. Routes

Indiana State Roads

Airport Expressway, a four-lane divided highway, provides direct access to Fort Wayne International Airport from Interstate 69.

Mass transit

Fort Wayne's mass transit system is managed by the Fort Wayne Public Transportation Corporation. Citilink provides bus service via twelve routes through the cities of Fort Wayne and New Havenmarker, along with Citiloop, a trolley service offered downtown in the summer season. The system's annual ridership is 2.2 million.

Fort Wayne is served by two intercity bus providers: Greyhound Lines (Indianapolis—Toledo—Detroit) and Lakefront Lines (Chicago—Columbus—Akron).

Health care

Fort Wayne is served by six hospitals; Parkview Hospitalmarker, Lutheran Hospital of Indiana, Saint Joseph Hospital, Dupont Hospital, Rehabilitation Hospital of Fort Wayne, and Parkview North Hospital, encompassing over 1,300 patient beds. These six hospitals belong to either of the two health networks serving the region: Parkview Health System or Lutheran Health Network.


Electricity is provided to Fort Wayne residents by Indiana Michigan Powermarker, a subsidiary of American Electric Powermarker, serving 575,000 customers in northeastern Indiana and southern Michigan. Northern Indiana Public Service Company (NIPSCO) provides area residents with natural gas. The City of Fort Wayne supplies residents with 72 million gallons of water per day via the Three Rivers Water Filtration Plant and Saint Joseph River. Hurshtown Reservoir, in northeast Allen County, contains 1.8 billion gallons of water to be rationed in the event of a major drought or disaster at the three rivers.

See also


  1. Shawgo, Ron, (2009-07-01). City slips to 73rd in size. The Journal Gazette. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
  2. Brice, Wallace A. (1868) "History of Fort Wayne, from the Earliest Known Accounts of this Point to the Present Period". D.W. Jones & Son.
  3. Fort Wayne: Economy - City-Data. Retrieved on 2008-04-29.
  4. NEIRP - Transportation & Logistics. Northeast Indiana Regional Partnership. Retrieved on 2009-06-24.
  5. NEIRP - Defense. Northeast Indiana Regional Partnership. Retrieved on 2009-06-24.
  6. Lanka, Benjamin, (2009-06-20). City reaches summit: 3rd All-America title. The Journal Gazette. Retrieved on 2009-06-20.
  7. Peckham, Howard Henry (2003) "Indiana: A History". W.W. Norton ISBN 0-252-07146-8.
  8. Hoxie, Frederick E. (1996) "Encyclopedia of North American Indians: Native American History, Culture, and Life from Paleo-Indians to the Present". Houghton Mifflin Company. p.343 ISBN 0-395-66921-9.
  9. Fort Wayne: History: County Seat Becomes Industrial Center. Retrieved on 2008-05-04.
  10. Paddock, Geoff (2002) "Headwaters Park: Fort Wayne's Lasting Legacy". Arcadia Publishing. p.34 ISBN 0-7385-1971-5.
  11. Jarosh, Andrew, (1992-03-12). Deluged city rallied to save itself. The News-Sentinel. Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  12. Leininger, Kevin, (2008-12-16). Could nonprofit revitalize downtown?. The News-Sentinel. Retrieved on 2009-01-08.
  13. Lanka, Benjamin, (2009-01-04). Delays encircle Harrison Square. The Journal Gazette. Retrieved on 2009-01-08.
  14. US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990. United States Census Bureau (2005-05-03). Retrieved on 2008-10-02.
  15. Fort Wayne, Indiana Climate - Heat / Cold - NWS Northern Indiana. Retrieved on 2008-04-30.
  16. Fort Wayne, Indiana Climate - Winter Weather - NWS Northern Indiana. Retrieved on 2008-04-30.
  17. Fort Wayne, Indiana Climate - Tornadoes - NWS Northern Indiana. Retrieved on 2008-04-30.
  18. NOAA - A Summary of the May 26, 2001 Tornado Event Over Northern Indiana and Extreme Northwest Ohio. Retrieved on 2008-04-25.
  19. Hubartt, Kerry, (2008-01-19). Snowbound city stuck it out. The News-Sentinel. Retrieved on 2009-01-17.
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Further reading

  • Beaty, John D., History of Fort Wayne & Allen County, Indiana, 1700-2005, M.T. Publishing Company, 2006, ISBN 1-932439-44-7
  • Bushnell, Scott M., Historic Photos of Fort Wayne, Turner Publishing Company, 2007, ISBN 9781596523777
  • Gramling, Chad, Baseball in Fort Wayne, Arcadia Publishing, 2007, ISBN 9780738541297
  • Griswold, Bert J., Fort Wayne, Gateway of the West, AMS Press, 1973, ISBN 0-404-07133-3
  • Hawfield, Michael C., Fort Wayne Cityscapes: Highlights of a Community's History, Windsor Publications, 1988, ISBN 0-89781-244-1
  • Paddock, Geoff, Headwaters Park: Fort Wayne's Lasting Legacy, Arcadia Publishing, 2002, ISBN 0-7385-1971-5
  • Violette, Ralph, Fort Wayne, Indiana, Arcadia Publishing, 2000, ISBN 0752413090

External links

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