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The Fourth Anglo-Mysore War
The Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1798–1799) was a war in South India between the Kingdom of Mysore and the British East India Company under the Earl of Mornington.

Napoleon's landing in Egyptmarker in 1798 was intended to threaten India, and Mysore was a key to that next step and as the ruler of Mysore, Tipu Sultan was a staunch ally of France. Although Horatio Nelson crushed Napoleon's ambitions at the Battle of the Nilemarker, three armies - one from Bombaymarker, and two British (one of which contained a division that was commanded by Colonel Arthur Wellesley the future 1st Duke of Wellington) - nevertheless marched into Mysore in 1799 and besieged the capital, Srirangapatnammarker after some engagements with the Tipu's armies. On 8 March, a forward force managed to hold off an advance by Tipu at the Battle of Seedaseer. On 4 May, the armies broke through the defending walls and Tipu Sultan, rushing to the breach, was shot and killed. Tipu was betrayed in this war by one of his commanders, Mir Sadiq, a traitor who was bought by the British. He sent the army to collect wages at the height of the battle thus giving the British a chance to enter through the hole made through bombardment of the wall.



One notable military advance championed by Tipu Sultan was the use of mass attacks with iron-cased rocket brigades in the army. The effect of these weapons on the British during the Third and Fourth Mysore Wars was sufficiently impressive to inspire William Congreve to develop the Congreve rockets.

This was the last of the four Anglo-Mysore Wars. The British took indirect control of Mysore, restoring the Wodeyar dynasty to the Mysore throne (with a British commissioner to advise him on all issues). Tipu's young heir, Fateh Ali, was sent into exile. The Kingdom of Mysore became a princely state of British India, and ceded Coimbatoremarker, North Kanaramarker, and South Kanara to the British.

The war, specifically the Battle of Mallevey and the Siege of Seringapatam are portrayed in the novel Sharpe's Tiger which portrays many of the key protagonists.

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