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The Foxtrot class' was the NATO reporting name of a class of diesel-electric patrol submarines that were built in the Soviet Unionmarker. The Soviet designation of this class was Project 641.

The Foxtrot class was designed to replace the earlier Zulu class, which suffered from structural weaknesses and harmonic vibration problems that limited its operational depth and submerged speed. The first Foxtrot was laid down in 1957 and commissioned in 1958 and the last was completed in 1983. A total of 58 were built for the Soviet Navy at the Sudomekh division of the Admiralty Shipyard (now Admiralty Wharves), St. Petersburg. Additional hulls were built for other countries.

The Foxtrot class was comparable in performance and armament to most contemporary designs. However, its three screws made it noisier than most Western designs. Moreover, the Foxtrot class was one of the last designs introduced before the adoption of the teardrop hull, which offered much better underwater performance. The Foxtrot class was completely obsolete by the time the last submarine was launched. The Russian Navy retired its last Foxtrots between 1995 and 2000[115039], although some may still be in service with other nations.

Cuban Missile Crisis

Foxtrots played a central role in some of the most dramatic incidents of the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Soviet Navy deployed four Foxtrot subs to Cuba. US Navy destroyers dropped Practice Depth Charges near Foxtrot subs near Cuba in efforts to force them to surface and be identified. Three of the four Foxtrot subs were forced to surface, one eluded US forces. The US Navy was not aware that these submarines were carrying torpedoes equipped with nuclear warheads. On submarine B-59, the Captain, believing that a war might already be in progress, ordered a nuclear torpedo armed for use; apparently two other high-ranking officers on board, notably Vasiliy Arkhipov, calmed him down.[No source citations provided for assertion made in last sentence]

Units

Foxtrot' class — significant dates
# Shipyard Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
B-94 Leningrad October 3, 1957 December 28, 1957 December 25, 1958 Decommissioned for scrapping
B-95 Leningrad February 2, 1958 April 25, 1958 September 30, 1959 Decommissioned for scrapping
B-36 Leningrad April 29, 1958 August 31, 1958 September 30, 1959 Decommissioned for scrapping
B-37 Leningrad remainder of list in progress Decommissioned for scrapping


Operators

Most saw service in the Soviet Navy. Foxtrots were also built for the Indian (7 units, from 1967 to 1974), Libyan (6 units, from 1978 to 1980), and Cubanmarker (6 units, from 1978 to 1983) navies. Some Soviet Foxtrots later saw service in the Polish, North Korean and Ukrainian navies.

On display

Several Foxtrots are on display as museums around the world, including:

In popular culture



References

  1. Korabli VMF SSSR, Vol. 1, Part 2, Yu. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2003, ISBN 5-8172-0072-4
  2. Korabli VMF SSSR, Vol. 1, Part 2, Yu. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2003, ISBN 5-8172-0072-4
  3. Korabli VMF SSSR, Vol. 1, Part 2, Yu. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2003, ISBN 5-8172-0072-4
  4. Korabli VMF SSSR, Vol. 1, Part 2, Yu. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2003, ISBN 5-8172-0072-4
  5. Korabli VMF SSSR, Vol. 1, Part 2, Yu. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2003, ISBN 5-8172-0072-4
  6. Korabli VMF SSSR, Vol. 1, Part 2, Yu. Apalkov, Sankt Peterburg, 2003, ISBN 5-8172-0072-4


External links

  • http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/ship/row/rus/641.htm
  • http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/ship/row/rus/index.html
  • http://www.cybermodeler.com/naval/foxtrot/foxtrot.shtml
  • HNSA Ship Page: Soviet B-413


Gallery

Some pictures of a Foxtrot class submarine in front of Queen Mary in Long Beach, CA.Image:Queen_Mary_003.jpg|General viewImage:Sous_marin_russe_001.jpg|Detail

B-39marker at the Maritime Museum of San Diegomarker in San Diego, CaliforniamarkerImage:B-39.jpg|B-39 at dockside in San DiegoImage:B-39 sail.jpg|Sail, periscopes, and mast of B-39. The lower "windows" are the hydrophones of her sonar system.Image:Sovietssk.jpg|Starboard(right) side view


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