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Frédéric Cailliaud (9 June 17871 May 1869) was a Frenchmarker naturalist, mineralogist and conchologist. He was born, and died, in Nantesmarker.

He travelled in Egyptmarker, Nubia, and Ethiopiamarker, collecting minerals and making observations. He was a part of the military expedition that his patron Viceroy Muhammad Ali sent south to conquer the Kingdom of Sennar, but also marched further into Fazoglimarker where Caillaud searched for outcroppings of gold while the commander Ismail, son of Muhammad Ali, enslaved locals and slaughtered all who resisted him. Although he failed to find any sizeable deposits of gold in the mountains along the modern Sudanmarker-Ethiopia border, he did make a sufficiently detailed survey of the area to be published after he returned to France in 1827.

He was curator of the museum at Nantes from 1836 to 1869.


  • Voyage à Meroë : au fleuve Blanc, au-delà de Fazoql dans le midi du royaume de Snnâr à Syouah tc.. 4 volumes Parismarker (1823-27), including an atlas
  • Recherches sur les arts et métiers, les usages de la vie civile et domestique des anciens peuples de l'Égypte, de la Nubie et de l'Èthiopie. 2 volumes Paris (1822 ff.)
  • Voyage à l'Oasis de Thèbes etc. 2 volumes Paris (1823)


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