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François Fillon ( ; born 4 March 1954 in Le Mansmarker, Sarthe) is the current Prime Minister of France, having been appointed to that office by President Nicolas Sarkozy on 17 May 2007.

As a member of the UMP party, Fillon became Jean-Pierre Raffarin's Minister of Labour in 2002 and undertook controversial reforms of the 35-hour working week law and of the French retirement system (Loi Fillon). He became Minister of Education and Research in 2004 and proposed the much debated Fillon law on Education. In 2005, he was not included in the new government headed by Dominique de Villepin, but was elected senatormarker for the Sarthe département. His role as a political advisor in Nicolas Sarkozy's successful race for president led to his current role.

Early life

The Fillon family has its roots in the Sarthe area.

François Fillon's father is a civil law notary, while his mother, Anne Fillon, is a celebrated historian and his youngest brother, Dominique, is a talented pianist.

Fillon lives with his wife, Penelope, and five children, Marie, Charles, Antoine, Édouard and Arnaud, in the 12th century Château de Beaucé, set in 20 acres (8 ha) of woodland on the banks of the River Sarthemarker at the famous monastery village of Solesmesmarker, near Sablé-sur-Sarthemarker about halfway between Le Mansmarker and Angersmarker. M. and Mme Fillon resided in various other properties, always in the Sarthe, throughout their marriage, before buying Beaucé in 1993.

Family roots and connections with United Kingdom

François Fillon speaking in the Assemblée nationale.


Fillon has a reputation as an Anglophile and has had speaking engagements at a wide variety of universities in Britain, notably the London School of Economicsmarker.

His wife Penelope Kathryn Clarke was born in the village of Llanovermarker, near Abergavennymarker in Walesmarker, like him the child of a solicitor. They met while she was teaching English in her gap year in Le Mansmarker, and they were married in the bride's family church in June 1980. Fillon's younger brother, Pierre, an ophthalmic specialist, later married Penelope Fillon's younger sister, Jane.

Having lived all his life in the Le Mansmarker area and now representing it politically, Fillon is an enthusiastic supporter of the city's famous 24 hourmarker sportscar race, which he has attended nearly every year since he was a small child. He is a member of the Automobile Club de l'Ouest, which stages the event, and is on the race's organisation committee. He has competed himself in the Le Mans Legend historic sportscar races on the full 24-hour circuitmarker and in a number of other classic road rallies.

Professional résumé

Education



Political career

Electoral mandates

Member of the National Assembly of France for Sarthe 1981-1993 Reelected in 1986, 1988, 1993 (Became minister in 1993) / 1997-2002 (Became minister in 2002) / He is reelected in June 2007, but he leaves his seat quickly because he was appointed Prime Minister

Senator of the Sarthe : 2005-2007 (Became Prime minister in 2007, and he appears again as a member of the National Assembly of France in June 2007)

Deputy-mayor of Sablé-sur-Sarthemarker : 1981-1983

Mayor of Sablé-sur-Sarthemarker : 1983-2001

General councillor of the Sarthe : 1981-1985

Vice-President of the General Council of Sarthe : 1985-1992

President of the General Council of Sarthe : 1992-1998

President of the Regional Council of Pays-de-la-Loiremarker : 1998-2002 (Resignation)

Vice-president of the Regional Council of Pays-de-la-Loiremarker : 2002-2004

Regional councillor of Pays-de-la-Loiremarker : 2004-2007

Municipal councillor of Solesmesmarker : Since 2001

President of the Communauté de communes of Sablé-sur-Sarthe : Since 2001

Governmental functions

Prime minister : Since 17 May 2007

Minister of Higher Education and Research : 1993-1995

Minister of Information Technologies and Post : May-November 1995

Minister of Post, Telecommunications and Space : November 1995-1997

Minister of Social Affairs, Labor and Solidarity : 2002-2004

Minister of National Education, Higher Education and Research : 2004-2005

Prime Minister

The day after he became President, Nicolas Sarkozy appointed Fillon as Prime Minister of France, charging him with the task of forming a new cabinet, which was announced on May 18, 2007. By appointing as Secretary of State André Santini, who had been indicted in the Fondation Hamon affair on charges of corruption, Fillon broke for the first time since 1992 with the so-called "Balladur jurisprudence," according to which an indicted governmental personality should resign until the case is closed .

Fillon's First Government

From May 17, to June 18, 2007.

Ministers



Secretaries of State

  • Roger Karoutchi - Secretary of State for Parliamentary Relations (under Fillon)
  • Éric Besson - Secretary of State for Economic Prospective and Evaluation of Public Policies (under Fillon)
  • Dominique Bussereau - Secretary of State for Transport (under Juppé)
  • Jean-Pierre Jouyet - Secretary of State for European Affairs (under Kouchner)


High Commissioner

  • Martin Hirsch - High Commissioner for Active Solidarities against Poverty


Fillon's Second Government

Appointed on June 19, 2007

Ministers



Secretaries of State

  • Roger Karoutchi - Secretary of State for Parliamentary Relations (under Fillon)
  • Jean-Pierre Jouyet - Secretary of State for European Affairs (under Kouchner)
  • Laurent Wauquiez - Secretary of State, Spokesman of the Government (under Fillon)
  • Éric Besson - Secretary of State for Economic Prospective and Evaluation of Public Policies (under Fillon)
  • Valérie Létard - Secretary of State for Solidarity (under Bertrand)
  • Dominique Bussereau - Secretary of State for Transport (under Borloo)
  • Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet - Secretary of State for Ecology (under Borloo)
  • Christian Estrosi - Secretary of State for Overseas (under Alliot-Marie)
  • André Santini - Secretary of State for Civil Servants (under Wœrth)
  • Jean-Marie Bockel - Secretary of State for Cooperation and Francophony (under Kouchner)
  • Hervé Novelli - Secretary of State for Companies and Foreign Commerce (under Lagarde)
  • Fadela Amara - Secretary of State for Urban Policies (under Boutin)
  • Alain Marleix - Secretary of State for Veterans (under Morin)
  • Rama Yade - Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Human Rights (under Kouchner)
  • Luc Chatel - Secretary of State for Consumer affairs and Tourism (under Lagarde)
  • Bernard Laporte - Secretary of State for Sport (under Bachelot-Narquin)


High Commissioner

  • Martin Hirsch - High Commissioner for Active Solidarities against Poverty


Shuffles

Appointment of Secretary of State for Sport

22 October 2007
  • Bernard Laporte is appointed Secretary of State for Sport (under Bachelot-Narquin)


After Municipal Elections of 2008

18 March 2008

There was a shuffle of the secretaries of state following the municipal elections of 16 March 2008.

New Secretaries of State
  • Yves Jégo is appointed Secretary of State for Overseas (under Alliot-Marie) to replace Christian Estrosi
  • Hubert Falco is appointed Secretary of State for development of the territory (under Borloo)
  • Nadine Morano is appointed Secretary of State for Family (under Bertrand)
  • Christian Blanc is appointed Secretary of State for the development of the «Région Capitale» (Region of Paris) (under Borloo).
  • Anne-Marie Idrac is appointed Secretary of State for Foreign Commerce (under Lagarde).
  • Alain Joyandet is appointed Secretary of State for Cooperation and Francophony to replace Jean-Marie Bockel (under Kouchner).


Changes of attributions - Ministers


Changes of attributions - Secretaries of State
  • Laurent Wauquiez formerly Spokesman of the Government, is appointed Secretary of State for Employment (under Lagarde).
  • Luc Chatel formerly Secretary of State for Consumer affairs and Tourism is appointed Secretary of State for Consumer affairs and Industry, Spokesman of the Government (under Lagarde).
  • Éric Besson - Secretary of State for Economic Prospective and Evaluation of Public Policies is now also in charge of the Development of digital economy (under Fillon).
  • Jean-Marie Bockel - formerly Secretary of State for Cooperation and Francophony (under Kouchner), becomes Secretary of State for Defense and Veterans (under Morin).
  • Alain Marleix - formerly Secretary of State for Veterans (under Morin) becomes Secretary of State for Local Collectivities (under Alliot-Marie).
  • Bernard Laporte - formerly Secretary of State for Sport becomes Secretary of State for Sport, Youth and Associations (under Bachelot-Narquin).
  • Hervé Novelli - formerly Secretary of State for Companies and Foreign Commerce (under Lagarde) becomes Secretary of State for commerce, craft, small and medium companies, tourism and services (under Lagarde).


In December 2008

  • Patrick Devedjian is appointed Minister under the Prime Minister in charge of the Implementation of the Recovery Plan .
  • Bruno Le Maire replaces Jean-Pierre Jouyet as Secretary of State for European Affairs.

In January 2009 - Xavier Bertrand becomes head of UMP

  • Brice Hortefeux becomes Minister of Labour, Social Relations, Solidarity and City to replace Xavier Bertrand.
  • Éric Besson becomes Minister of Immigration, Integration, National identity and Solidary development
  • Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet becomes Secretary of State for Economic Prospective and Development of digital economy (under Fillon).
  • Christine Boutin, formerly Minister of Housing and City becomes Minister of Housing
  • Bernard Laporte becomes back Secretary of State for Sport
  • Martin Hirsch becomes High Commissioner for Active Solidarities against Poverty and High Commissionner for Youth
  • Létard, Amara, Morano and are now Secretaries of State with Hortefeux.
  • Woerth is now in charge of Evaluation of Public Policies
  • Chantal Jouanno becomes Secretary of State for Ecology, replacing Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet


In June 2009 - After the European parliamentary elections

  • Jean-Louis Borloo - Minister of State, Minister of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Sea, in charge of green technologies and of climate change negotiations ;
  • Michèle Alliot-Marie - Minister of State, Keeper of the seals, Minister of Justice and Freedoms ;
  • Brice Hortefeux - Minister of the Interior, Overseas and Territorial Collectivities ;
  • Xavier Darcos - Minister of Labour, Social Relations, Family and Solidarity ;
  • Éric Wœrth - Minister of Budget, Public Accounting, Civil Servants and Reform of the State ;
  • Luc Chatel - Minister of National Education, Spokesman of the Government ;
  • Bruno Le Maire - Minister of Food, Agriculture and Fishing ;
  • Frédéric Mitterrand - Minister of Culture and Communication ;
  • Michel Mercier - Minister of Rural Space and Spatial Planning ;
  • Henri de Raincourt - Minister of Parliamentary Relations (under Fillon) ;
  • Christian Estrosi - Minister of Industry (under Lagarde) ;
  • Valérie Létard - Secretary of State (under Borloo) ;
  • Jean-Marie Bockel - Secretary of State (under Alliot-Marie) ;
  • Hervé Novelli - Secretary of State for Commerce, Craftsmanship, Small and Medium Businesses, Tourism, Services and Consumer Rights (under Lagarde) ;
  • Rama Yade - Secretary of State for Sport (under Bachelot-Narquin) ;
  • Hubert Falco - Secretary of State for Defense and Veterans (under Morin) ;
  • Nadine Morano - Secretary of State for Family and Solidarity (under Darcos) ;
  • Pierre Lellouche - Secretary of State for European Affairs (under Kouchner) ;
  • Nora Berra - Secretary of State for the Elderly (under Darcos) ;
  • Benoist Apparu - Secretary of State for Housing and City (under Borloo) ;
  • Marie-Luce Penchard - Secretary of State for Overseas (under Hortefeux) ;
  • Christian Blanc - Secretary of State for the development of the «Région Capitale» (Region of Paris) (under Fillon).


In addition,

  • Bernard Kouchner
  • Christine Lagarde
  • Patrick Devedjian
  • Valérie Pécresse
  • Hervé Morin
  • Roselyne Bachelot
  • Eric Besson
  • Laurent Wauquiez
  • Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet
  • Dominique Bussereau
  • Fadela Amara
  • Alain Marleix
  • Anne-Marie Idrac
  • Alain Joyandet
  • Chantal Jouanno
  • Martin Hirsch


keep their current functions.

Awards and honours



References

External links








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