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Frances Payne Bolton (March 29, 1885March 9, 1977) was a Republican politician from Ohiomarker. She served in the United States House of Representatives. She was the first woman elected to Congress from Ohiomarker.

Born in Cleveland, Ohiomarker, Bolton was the granddaughter of Henry B. Payne. Active in public health, nursing education and other social service, education, and philanthropic work, she succeeded her husband, Chester C. Bolton, in office a few months after his death in 1939. Upon election to the remainder of her late husband's term, Bolton refused the customary widow's allowance comprising the remainder of the salary her late husband would have collected had he served out his term. She represented the 22nd District, once the most populous House district in Ohio, mostly consisting of Cleveland's eastern suburbs. Bolton served an additional fourteen terms, serving alongside her son, Oliver P. Bolton for three of those terms. She and Oliver appeared on What's My Line? as the only mother and son serving together. It was reported that when he voted against her, she once stage-whispered, "That's my adopted son."

In 1955, she became the first American woman member of Congress to head an international delegation, using her own resources to fund it. One of her most lasting achievements was sponsoring legislation to purchase property across the Potomac River from Mount Vernonmarker, the home of George Washington. This prevented commercialization of the area and preserved its appearance as it was when Washington lived there. Bolton had a phenomenal relationship with her constituents of Italian-American heritage and was known for mailing government child-care pamphlets to homes where new children were born. The nursing school at Case Western Reserve Universitymarker is named in her honor for her accomplishments and generosity in the field of public nursing.

After rising to become ranking minority member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, Bolton was defeated in a bid for a sixteenth term in 1968 by Charles Vanik. Bolton retired to her family home, Franchester (named for herself and her late husband), in Lyndhurst, Ohiomarker. She was a devotee of yoga.

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