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Francesco Hayez (February 10, 1791December 21, 1882) was an Italianmarker painter, the leading artist of Romanticism in mid-19th-century Milanmarker, renowned for his grand historical paintings, political allegories and exceptionally fine portraits.

Biography

Hayez came from a relatively poor family from Venicemarker. His father was of French origin while his mother, Chiara Torcella, was from Muranomarker. The child Francesco, youngest of five sons, was brought up by his mother's sister, who had married Giovanni Binasco, a well-off shipowner and collector of art. From childhood he showed a predisposition for drawing, so his uncle apprenticed him to an art restorer. Later he became a student of the painter Francisco Magiotto with whom he continued his studies for three years. He was admitted to the painting course of the New Academy of Fine Arts in 1806, where he studied under Teodoro Matteini. In 1809 he won a competition from the Academy of Venicemarker for one year of study at the Accademia di San Lucamarker in Rome. He remained in Rome until 1814, then moved to Naplesmarker where he was commissioned by Joachim Murat to paint a major work depicting Ulysses at the court of Alcinous. In the mid 1830s he attended the "Salotto Maffei" salon in Milanmarker, hosted by Clara Maffei (whose portrait Hayez painted for her husband), and he was still in Milan in 1850 when he was appointed director of the Academy of Breramarker there.

Typically for his age, his paintings contain implicit stories and frequently draw on biblical or literary narratives. Also of his time is the tendency to exploit sensuality with only the faintest overlay of a literary or artistic veil. His Mary Magdalene (illustrated below) is supposedly 'penitent', but her representation seems painted deliberately to bring out her erotic past far more than her penitence. His 'Susannah' does not even both with any 'elders', such is the emphasis on female nudity. In this, of course, he is not alone: a range of Renaissance and Baroque artists had done much the same. Hayez is the far end of the wealth and power of this tradition.

Assessment of the career of Hayez is complicated by the fact that he often did not sign or date his works. Often the date indicated from the evidence is that at which the work was acquired or sold, not of its creation. Moreover he often painted the same compositions several times with minimal variations, or even with no variation. His early works show the influence of Ingres and the Nazarene movement. His later work participates in the Classical revival.

Selected works

Notable works include:

  • Petro Rosso Imprisoned by the Scaligeri (c. 1820)
  • A series on the Sicilian Vespers (1821-1846)
  • Destruction of the Temple of Jerusalemmarker (c. 1867)
  • Portrait of Marin Faliero (1867)
  • Vase of flowers on the window of a harem (c. 1881)
  • The Kiss (1859) - Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan


Gallery

Image:Francesco Hayez 021.jpg|Family Portrait (1807)
Museo Luigi Bailo, Trevisomarker
Image:Francesco Hayez 001.jpg|Aristotle (1811)
Galleria dell'Accademia, Venice
Image:Francesco Hayez 028.jpg|Ulysses at the court of Alcinous (1813-1815)
Galleria Nazionale di Capodimonte, Naples
Image:Francesco Hayez 051.jpg|Rinaldo and Armida (1814)
Galleria dell'Accademia, Venice
Image:Francesco Hayez 046.jpg|Portrait of Giuseppe Roberti (1819)
Museo Civico, Bassano
Image:Francesco Hayez 022.jpg|Sicilian Vespers, Scene 1 (1821-1822)
Private collection, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 035.jpg|Portrait of the family Stampa di Soncino (1821-1822)
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 032.jpg|Portrait of Antonietta Vitali Sola (1823)
Private collection, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 053.jpg|Romeo and Juliet (1823)
Villa Carlotta, Tremezzo
Image:Francesco Hayez 006.jpg|The Penitent Mary Magdalene (1825)
Civica Galleria d'Arte Moderna, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 015.jpg|The Patient (portrait of Carolina Zucchi) (1825)
Museo Civico, Turin
Image:Francesco Hayez 043.jpg|Portrait of Count Ninni (1825)
Private collection, Treviso
Image:Francesco Hayez 033.jpg|The Ballerina Carlotta Chabert as Venus (1830)
Museo di Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto, Trento
Image:Francesco Hayez 044.jpg|Portrait of Don Giulio Vigoni as a Child (1830)
Private collection, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 049.jpg|Portrait of Pompeo Marchesi (1830)
Civica Galleria d'Arte Moderna, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 002.jpg|Bath of the Nymphs (1831)
Private collection, Lugano
Image:Francesco Hayez 013.jpg|The Refugees from Pargamarker (1831)
Pinacoteca Tosio Martinengo, Brescia
Image:Francesco Hayez 004.jpg|Bather (1832)
Private collection, Pavia
Image:Francesco Hayez 034.jpg|Portrait of Cristina di Belgiojoso-Trivulzio (1832)
Private collection, Florence
Image:Francesco Hayez 005.jpg|Bathsheba Bathing (1834)
Private collection, Lugano
Image:Francesco Hayez 055.jpg|Ruth (1835)
Collezioni Comunali d'Arte, Bologna
Image:Francesco Hayez 009.jpg|The Seventh Crusade against Jerusalemmarker (1838-1850)
Palazzo Reale, Turin
Image:Francesco Hayez 024.jpg|Odalisque Reclining (1839)
Private collection, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 011.jpg|Release of Vittor Pisani from the dungeon (1840)
Villa Carlotta, Tremezzo
Image:Francesco Hayez 038.jpg|Portrait of the princess of Sant' Antimo (1840-1844)
Museo di San Martino, Naples
Image:Francesco Hayez 047.jpg|Portrait of the Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria (1840)
Museo del Risorgimento, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 040.jpg|Portrait of Alessandro Manzoni (1841)
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 012.jpg|The Parting of the Two Foscari (1842)
Galleria d'Arte Moderna, Florence
Image:Francesco Hayez 025.jpg|Melancholy Thought (1842)
Private collection, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 036.jpg|Portrait of Felicina Caglio Perego di Cremnago (1842)
Private collection, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 056.jpg|Samson and the Lion (1842)
Galleria d'Arte Moderna, Florence
Image:Francesco Hayez 061.jpg|Meeting of Jacob and Esau (1844)
Pinacoteca Tosio Martinengo, Brescia
Image:Francesco Hayez 023.jpg|Sicilian Vespers, Scene 3 (1846)
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Rome
Image:Francesco Hayez 039.jpg|Portrait of Teresa Borri Stampa Manzoni (1847-1848)
Pinacoteca Tosio Martinengo, Brescia
Image:Francesco Hayez 031.jpg|Portrait of Antonietta Tarsis Basilico (1851)
Private collection, Rome
Image:Francesco Hayez 037.jpg|Portrait of Matilde Juva-Branca (1851)
Civica Galleria d'Arte Moderna, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 050.jpg|Portrait of a Veneitan Woman (c. 1852)
Private collection, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 059.jpg|Venetian Women (1853)
Villa Carlotta, Tremezzo
Image:Francesco Hayez 029.jpg|Portrait of Countess Antonietta Negroni Prati Morosini as a child (1858)
Civica Galleria d'Arte Moderna, Milan
(See also the portrait of her done in 1872)

Image:Francesco Hayez 054.jpg|Bather viewed from behind (1859)
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 060.jpg|Female Nude (c. 1859)
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 042.jpg|Portrait of Count Baglioni (c. 1860)
Private collection, Treviso
Image:Francesco Hayez 048.jpg|Portrait of Massimo d' Azeglio (1860)
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 057.jpg|Self-portrait at age 69 (1860)
Galleria degli Uffizimarker, Florence
Image:Francesco Hayez 041.jpg|Portrait of Camillo Benso di Cavour (1864)
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 016.jpg|The New Favorite (Harem Scene) (1866)
Private collection, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 027.jpg|Odalisque with Book (1866)
Villa Carlotta, Tremezzo
Image:Francesco Hayez 010.jpg|The Death of the Doge Marin Faliero (1867)
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 017.jpg|Destruction of the Temple of Jerusalemmarker (1867)
Galleria d'Arte Moderna, Venice
Image:Francesco Hayez 026.jpg|Odalisque (1867)
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 045.jpg|Portrait of Gioacchino Rossini (1870)
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 030.jpg|Portrait of Antonietta Negroni Prati Morosini, Oval (1872)
Civica Galleria d'Arte Moderna, Milan
Image:Francesco Hayez 058.jpg|Self-portrait at age 88 (1879)
Galleria d'Arte Moderna, Venice
Image:Francesco Hayez 007.jpg|Vase of Flowers on the Window of a Harem (1881)
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan


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