The Triumph of Death
was an Italian painter who was
demonstrably active from 1321 to approx. 1365 in Pisa and Bologna.
He appears to have been a follower of Andrea Orcagna
. There is only one work known
to be by Traini: in 1345 he signed and dated a polyptych
of the Pisan church S. Caterina, showing
and eight hagiographic
scenes (now in the Museo Nazionale, Pisa). Most scholars
attribute many of the huge frescoes of the
Camposanto Monumentale in Pisa to Traini, including the
Last Judgement, Inferno, Legends of the
Hermits and, the famous Il Trionfo della Morte (the
Triumph of Death).
Other scholars attribute this last work
The Trionfo della Morte
(after 1350) is considered one of
the finest and most powerful artworks of the Trecento
as it displays the merciless omnipresence
of death. It represents- like the earliest examples of Totentanz
paintings which were contemporary in
Germany - as a reaction to the horrors of the black death
in the late 1340s.
The frescoes of the Camposanto were unfortunately either severely
damaged or destroyed by Allied air raids in World War II
- John White: Art and Architecture in Italy 1250-1400.
Pelican History of Art 1993