Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess
of Hertford KG,
PC (5 July 1718 – 14 June
1794) was born in Chelsea,
London, and died in Surrey, England.
Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess
He was a descendant of Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of
and his first wife Catharine Fillol. Their marriage
was annulled and their children declared illegitimate. Their son
Sir Edward Seymour (d. 6 May 1593) later served as a Sheriff of
The Sheriff of Devon was father to Sir Edward Seymour, 1st
, grandfather of Sir Edward Seymour, 2nd
, great-grandfather of Sir Edward Seymour, 3rd
and a fourth-generation ancestor of Sir Edward Seymour, 4th
The 4th Baronet was father to Sir Edward Seymour, 5th
and grandfather to Edward Seymour, 8th Duke of
. His younger son was Francis Seymour-Conway,
1st Lord Conway
Lord Conway married Charlotte Shorter, a daughter of John Shorter
of Bybrook. They were the parents of the Marquess. His father died
when the younger Francis was about fourteen years old. The first few years
after his father's death were spent in Italy and Paris.
return to England he took his seat, as 2nd
Baron Conway, among the Peers in November 1739. Henry Seymour Conway
, politician and
soldier, was his younger brother.
On 29 May 1741 he married Lady Isabella Fitzroy, daughter of
2nd Duke of Grafton
, and they became the parents of thirteen
Seymour-Conway, 2nd Marquess of Hertford (12 February 1743 – 28
- Lady Anne Seymour-Conway (1 August 1744 – 4 November 1767),
Moore, 1st Marquess of Drogheda.
- Lord Henry
Seymour-Conway (15 December 1746 – 5 February 1830)
- Lady Sarah Frances Seymour-Conway (27 September 1747 – 20 July
1770), married Robert Stewart, 1st
Marquess of Londonderry.
- Lord Robert
Seymour-Conway (20 January 1748 – 23 November 1831)
- Lady Gertrude Seymour-Conway (9 October 1750 – 29 May 1782),
Mason-Villiers, 2nd Earl Grandison.
- Lady Frances Seymour-Conway (4 December 1751 – 11 November
1820), married Henry Fiennes
Pelham-Clinton, Earl of Lincoln, a son of Henry
Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle.
- Rev. Hon. Edward Seymour-Conway (1752–1785)
- Lady Elizabeth Seymour-Conway (1754–1825)
- Lady Isabella Rachel Seymour-Conway (25 December 1755 – 1825),
married George Hatton, a Member of Parliament.
- Admiral Lord Hugh Seymour (29
April 1759 – 11 September 1801), married Lady Anne Horatia
Waldegrave, a daughter of James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl
- Lord William
Seymour-Conway (29 April 1759 – 31 January 1837)
- Lord George
Seymour-Conway (21 July 1763 – 10 March 1848)
In August 1750 he was created Viscount Beauchamp
and Earl of Hertford
. In 1755, according to
Horace Walpole, 4th
Earl of Orford
, "The Earl of Hertford, a man of unblemished
morals, but rather too gentle and cautious, to combat so
presumptuous a court, was named Ambassador to Paris." However, due
to the demands of the French, the journey was suspended.
From 1751 to 1766 he was Lord of
and George III
In 1756 he
was made a Knight of the Garter
and, in 1757, Lord-Lieutenant and
Guardian of the Rolls of the County of Warwick and City of Coventry.
In 1763 he became Privy Councillor
and, from October 1763 to June 1765, was a successful ambassador in
Paris. In the autumn of 1765 he became Viceroy of Ireland
where, as an honest
and religious man, he was well liked.
An anonymous satirist in 1777 described him as "the worst man in
His Majesty's dominions", and also emphasised Hertford's greed and
selfishness, adding "I cannot find any term for him but
avaricious." However, this anonymous attack does not seem to be
when she was only fifty-six, his wife died after having nursed
their grandson at Forde's
Ditton where she caught a violent cold.
to Walpole, "Lord Hertford's loss is beyond measure. She was not
only the most affectionate wife, but the most useful one, and
almost the only person I ever saw that never neglected or put off
or forgot anything that was to be done. She was always proper,
either in the highest life or in the most domestic." (Walpole visited
Forde's Farm on several occasions from his residence at Strawberry
Hill, Twickenham.) Within two years of the tragedy, Lord
Hertford had sold Forde's Farm to Mrs Charlotte Boyle Walsingham,
and a further two years later, she had re-developed the estate,
building a new mansion which she called Boyle Farm, a name still in
In July 1793 he was created Marquess of Hertford, with the
subsidiary title of Earl of
. He enjoyed this elevation for almost a year until his
death at the age of seventy-six, on 14 June 1794, at the house of
his daughter, the Countess of
. He died as the result of an infection following a
minor injury he received while riding. He was buried at
Arrow, in Warwickshire.