(September 6, 1916 –
August 1, 2002) was a
Filipino writer, poet, essayist, critic, journalist and teacher.
He was born on September 16, 1916.
Arcellana already had ambitions of becoming a writer during his
years in the elementary. His actual writing, however, started when
he became a member of The Torres
Organization during his high school years. Arcellana
continued writing in various school papers at the University of the
Philippines Diliman. He later on received a Rockfeller Grant and
became a fellow in creative writing the University of Iowa and
Breadloaf's writers conference from 1956- 1957.
He is considered an important progenitor of the modern Filipino
short story in English
pioneered the development of the short story as a lyrical
prose-poetic form within Filipino literature. His works are now
often taught in tertiary-level-syllabi in the Philippines.
Many of his works were translated into
Tagalog, Malaysian, Russian, Italian, and German. Arcellana won 2nd
place in 1951 Don Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature,
with his short story, "The Flowers of May." 14 of his short stories
were also included in Jose Garcia Villa's Honor Roll from 1928 to
1939. His major achievements included the first award in art
criticism from the Art Association of the Philippines in 1954, the
Patnubay ng Sining at Kalinangan award from the city government of
Manila in 1981, and the Gawad Pambansang Alagad ni Balagtas for
English fiction from the Unyon ng mga Manunulat sa Pilipino (UMPIL)
in 1988. Francisco Arcellana was proclaimed National Artist of the
Philippines in Literature in 1990.
Arcellana died in 2002. As a National Artist, he received a state
funeral at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.
His grandson Liam Hertzsprung performed a piano concert in 2006
dedicated to him.
Arcellana's published books include:
- Selected Stories (1962)
- Poetry and Politics: The State of Original Writing in
English in the Philippines Today (1977)
- The Francisco Arcellana Sampler (1990).