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José Jesús Francisco Zúñiga Chavarría (December 26, 1912August 9, 1998) was a Costa Ricanmarker and Mexicanmarker artist, known both for his painting and his sculpture. Journalist Fernando González Gortázar lists Zúñiga as one of the 100 most notable Mexicans of the 20th century, while the Encyclopædia Britannica calls him "perhaps the best sculptor" of the Mexican political modern style.


Zúñiga was born in Costa Ricamarker in 1912; his father, Manuel Maria Zúñiga, was also a sculptor.He won first prize in a 1935 Latin American sculpture competition, the Salón de Escultura en Costa Rica, for his bronze sculpture La maternidad, and in 1936 moved to Mexico,where he studied art formally at La Escuela de Talla Directa, working with Guillermo Ruiz, sculptor Oliverio Martinez, and painter Manuel Rodríguez Lozano. In 1938, he took a faculty position at La Esmeralda; he remained at that position until retiring in 1970. In 1958 he was awarded the first prize in sculpture from the Mexican National Institute of Fine Artsmarker.

Zúñiga's works have been shown widely, including displays in Los Angelesmarker, San Salvadormarker, San Franciscomarker, Washington, D.C.marker, Stockholmmarker, and Torontomarker.Museums holding his works in their permanent collections include the San Diego Museum of Artmarker, the Metropolitan Museum of Artmarker and the Museum of Modern Artmarker in New York, the Museo de Arte Modernomarker in Mexico City, the Phoenix Art Museum, the Ponce Museum of Artmarker in Puerto Rico, and the Hirshhorn Museummarker in Washington, DC.


  1. "Costa Rican Enrichment", Washington Post, June 18, 1993.
  2. " Mis cien mexicanos del siglo XX". La Jornada, January 30, 2000.
  3. Latin American art, Encyclopædia Britannica.
  4. Biography, Medicine Man Gallery.
  5. Biography on
  6. Biografia de Francisco Zúñiga, Biografias y Vidas.
  7. " Con su obra, Francisco Zúñiga retorna a su natal Costa Rica". La Jornada, January 15, 1999.
  8. "Muere destacado escultor mexicano Francisco Zuniga". Fort Worth Star-Telegram, August 14, 1998.
  9. Biography, Joan Cawley gallery.
  10. Francisco Zúñiga's publicly displayed artworks in Los Angeles: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6].
  11. May S. Marcy Sculpture Court and Garden, San Diego Museum of Art.


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