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Franklin is a city within and the county seat of Williamson Countymarker, Tennesseemarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 41,842 as of the 2000 census.

History

The City of Franklin was founded by Abram Maury, Jr. (1766-1825), who was also a State Senator and is buried with his family in Founders Pointe, October 26, 1799 and was named after Benjamin Franklin, a close friend of Dr. Hugh Williamson, a member of the Continental Congress for whom Williamson County was named.

For most of its first 180 years, Franklin was a tranquil, small county seat. In the years prior to the American Civil War, Williamson County was one of the wealthiest counties in Tennessee and Franklin was the center of plantation economy.

However, the Civil War devastated the economy. Union troops occupied the area for nearly three years. The Battle of Franklin was fought on November 30, 1864, resulting in almost 10,000 casualties (killed, wounded, captured and missing) and turning forty-four buildings in town into field hospitals. (See The Carter Houseand http://www.carnton.org/ The Carnton Plantation].) It took 120 years for the county's economy to reach pre-war levels.

Franklin has grown from a very small, agricultural community into a strong blend of residential, commercial and corporate citizens.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 41,842 people, (Williamson County's population is 193,595). 16,128 households, and 11,225 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,393.3 people per square mile (538.0/km2). There were 17,296 housing units at an average density of 575.9/sq mi (222.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.53% Caucasian, 10.35% Black, 4.84% Hispanic/Latino, 1.61% Asian, 0.24% Native American, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.17% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races.

There were 16,128 households out of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 38.1% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $65,506, and the median income for a family was $69,431 (these figures had risen to $74,914 and $87,125 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $50,226 versus $31,531 for females. The per capita income for the city was $32,160. About 5.1% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.

Historic Downtown Franklin

The area of downtown Franklin is built around a town square located at 3rd Avenue and Main Street (U.S. Route 31). Located at the center of the square there is a Civil War Monument. There are also several historic homes located in this area.

In addition to the historical sites located in downtown Franklin, many businesses make this area their home. Tourists and locals alike enjoy walking Main Street, which is filled with quaint shops and a variety of eateries.

Eateries

Shops

Colleges

O’More College of Design, (www.omorecollege.edu) is a private prestigious non-profit college with an enrollment of 300 students. It is a non-traditional, accredited art school awarding the Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in Interior Design, Fashion Design & Merchandising, and Visual Communications which includes Graphic Design & Advertising.

Founded in 1970, the College is located in the historic district. O'More is patterned after Le College Feminin in Paris, France, where our late founder, Mrs. Eloise Pitts O'More, studied in the early 1920s. The Abbey Leix Mansion (ca. 1866), an Italianate-style home which serves as the College's administration building, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The McAfee Library and Hilliard Institute for Educational Wellness (ca. 1887), a Romanesque Revival-style home now in use as a sensory teaching and learning center and the visual communications department, is one of a handful of remaining examples of the work of H.C. Thompson, arguably Tennessee's most celebrated native architect. There are also two adjunct locations in Franklin,

Eloise Pitts O'More realized a life-long dream when she founded what would become O'More College of Design with nine students in her Main Street Victorian home. Born in 1906 in Fayetteville, TN., she developed a passion for architecture and design at an early age. At that time in America, however, only men were encouraged to enter the field. So, at the age of 18, Eloise traveled to Paris, France, where she attended Le College Feminin and studied interior design and ballet. After a year in Paris, she returned to the United States, married and taught interior design and ballet.

In the 1940s, she continued her design education at the famous Parson's School of Design and married her second husband, Colonel Rory O'More, a military man of Irish descent. While traveling with him, she often taught interior design courses for military wives and designed military officer clubs. In the 1960s, she moved to Franklin. Painting became her passion, and her work included a number of murals around Middle Tennessee. She became very involved with Franklin's cultural life and was one of the early leaders of the historic preservation movement in Williamson County and metro Nashville.

Mrs. O'More had always dreamed of recreating, in America, the ambiance of the French design school. In 1970, at an age when most people are considering retirement, she founded O'More College of Design.

Notable events



Festivals

Main Street Festival

Franklin’s Main Street Festival is a street festival that brings more than 200 artisans & crafters, four stages, two carnivals and two food courts to the historic Franklin Square and Downtown District. Arts and crafts booths line Main Street from First to Fifth Avenue.

References

  1. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=ChangeGeoContext&geo_id=16000US4727740&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US47%7C16000US4703440&_street=&_county=franklin&_cityTown=franklin&_state=04000US47&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null®=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=


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